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GREEN ENERGY, TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION SUMMIT 2010

¸15 & 16 June 2010 ¸ Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre

SESSION 3: GREEN TECHNOLOGY (GT) FOR SUSTAINABLE WATER AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

HOW WATER SUPPLY SECTOR CAN CONTRIBUTE TO µGOING GREEN¶
PANELIST: DATO¶ Ir. LEE MIANG KOI, CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER SYABAS

AREA OF FOCUS 1. Reducing water losses or wastage 2. Reducing water use / consumption 3. Energy efficient planning and design .

4 million people without need to invest on CAPEX for new resources (assuming 205lcd average water consumption in Malaysia) Case of Water Theft Pipe Burst Note: Assumed demand growth = 3.5% per annum. saving of 2020 MLD Pipe Leak .620 MLD Hence.243 MLD (as of 2008) Assuming demand growth of 3.5% per annum (2008 ± 2015) Demand in 2015 = 16. or 2020 MLD of water This saving provide (2020 MLD) additional supplies to 7. we save 12%.1 Current Status Current Non Revenue Water Loss (NRW) level for Malaysia = 37% or 4917 MLD of total production (as of 2008) Total National Production = 13.640 MLD Metered consumption at NRW 37% in 2015 = 10.850MLD Metered consumption at NRW 25% in 2015 = 12.1.850 MLD If we reduce water loss to 25% by year 2015. production in 2015 = 16.0 REDUCING WATER LOSSES / WASTAGE (NRW) 1.

± More revenue through improved billing. ± Less water treatment cost because of lower treated water production.2 Reducing NRW means ± Use less water resources and its development required. ± Less distribution network upgrading required. ± Less operational cost due to lower pipe burst and leaks repair works in distribution networks. . ± Less pumping. hence energy cost saving in distribution of water.1.

1.3 Strategy for Reducing Water Losses ‡ Setting up District Metering Zone (DMZ) with pressure management and active leak detection program ‡ Reservoir overflow control ‡ Pipe replacement ‡ Meter replacement ‡ Quick detection. response and repair of pipe bursts and leaks ‡ Theft and illegal use control Pipe replacement .

we save 25 lpcd or 12 % or 675 MLD additional supplies to 3.1 Current status Malaysian uses an average of 205 lpcd (as of 2008) World average is 180 lpcd Many advanced countries use 150 lpcd If we reduces water usage to world average of 180 lpcd.2.75 million people without need to invest on CAPEX 2. hence energy cost in distribution ± Less chemical use and disposal of treatment waste ± Less distribution network upgrading ± Less water bill by consumers .0 REDUCING WATER USE/CONSUMPTION (DEMAND MANAGEMENT) 2.2 Reducing water use means ± Less water resources and its development required ± Less water treatment cost ± Less pumping.

etc. time control tap.2. ‡ Consumer education and awareness programmes. ‡ Encourage / provide incentive for recycling by major consumers. ‡ Encourage rain water harvesting for some buildings. ‡ Reduce subsidy and revise water tariff to reflect its real cost (Malaysia water tariff is one of the cheapest in the world). ‡ Government can provide incentives on water saving devices and / or enforced it by mandatory use of such devices.3 Strategies to reduce water use ‡ Uses water saving devices in all buildings: dual flush system. pressure reducing valve. . water saving shower.

energy cost is 15% ± 30% of total operating costs.0 ENERGY EFFICIENT PLANNING & DESIGN In WTP. Opportunities for energy efficient planning and design.  Zoning supply areas with optimum pressure zones. energy cost is about 15 ± 20% of total operating cost.  Use of pipe materials of lower friction.3. . to avoid excessive pumping and supply pressure.  Use of more efficient pumpsets. All the above can reduce energy footprint for water supply and improve quality of service.  Promote use of direct pumping with variable speed pumping system rather than pumping with gravity feed system. In distribution system.  To make it mandatory for pumping to storage at intermediate levels of high rise buildings.

CONCLUSION ‡ Many areas in water supply sectors can play an important role to µgoing green¶ and contributing to social and environmental benefits. ‡ Human factors plays an important role contributing to going green. from policy to human habits. ‡ Many available and more efficient technology with new concept to successfully implement the identified strategies. ‡ Central policy and political will is important towards achieving the goal. . ‡ Public and private sectors can incorporate the strategies into business plan.