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Mary Jean Palatino - Narte

GETTING STARTED
GETTING STARTED

1) Pick your topic. Get an


idea of what you want to
study
GETTING STARTED

2) Research on your topic. Go


to the library or surf the internet
and learn everything you can
on your topic.
GETTING STARTED

3) Organize. Gather and


arrange everything you have
earned about the topic.
GETTING STARTED

4) Make a timetable. Choose a


topic that not only interests you
but can be done in the amount of
time you have. Use a calendar to
identify important dates.
GETTING STARTED

5) Plan your experiments. Once


you have a feasible project idea,
write a research plan. This should
explain how you will do your
experiments and exactly what it
will involve.
GETTING STARTED

7) Consult your adviser. You


are required to discuss your
research plan with your
adviser.
GETTING STARTED

8) Conduct your experiments.


Give careful thought to
experimental design. During
experimentation, keep detailed
notes of every step of the
experiments, measurements and
observations.
GETTING STARTED

9) Examine your results. Upon


completion of the experiments,
examine and organize your
findings. Did your experiments
give you the expected results? If
possible statistically analyze your
data.
GETTING STARTED

10) Draw conclusions. Which variables are


important? Did you collect enough data? Do
you need to conduct more experimentation?
If your results do not support your original
hypothesis, you will have accomplished a
successful scientific research.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
I. THE CONTENT OF YOUR
PROJECT SHOULD
●Demonstrate or apply scientific principles
or attempt to provide new knowledge.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
I. THE CONTENT OF YOUR
PROJECT SHOULD
●Be a result of continuing or similar scientific
research and investigation – not a copy of
any previous research
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
I. THE CONTENT OF YOUR
PROJECT SHOULD
●Have a socio-economic significance and
relevance to livelihood development.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS

I. THE CONTENT OF YOUR


PROJECT SHOULD
●Contribute to the advancement of S & T
and the development of the community.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
II. PHYSICAL SET-UP / VISUAL DISPLAY
● You want to attract and inform.
● Make it easy for interested spectators and
judges to assess your study and the results you
have obtained.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
II. PHYSICAL SET-UP / VISUAL DISPLAY
●Make the most of your space using clear and
concise displays.
●Make headings stand out, draw graphs and
diagrams and clearly label them correctly.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
II. PHYSICAL SET-UP / VISUAL DISPLAY
●Be sure to adhere to the size limitations and safety rules when
preparing your display.
●The maximum size of project display must be:
● Width : 4 ft
● Height : 3 ft
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
Helpful Hints for Display
●Use a good title. It can be extremely
important attention grabber. It should
simply and accurately present your
research.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
Helpful Hints for Display
●Take and use photographs. Many projects
involve elements that may not be safety exhibited
at the fair but are important part of the project.
Take photos of the important parts/phases of
your experiment to be used in your display.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
Helpful Hints for Display
●Be organized. Make sure your display is
logically presented and easy to read. A glance
should permit anyone (particularly the judges) to
locate quickly the title, experiments, results and
conclusions.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
Helpful Hints for Display
●Your display should be eye catching. It should
stand out from among the rest. Use neat, colorful
headings, charts and graphs to present your project.
It is not even necessary to use a computer-based
presentation except when it s an integral part of the
project.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
Project write-up must be
typewritten/ computerized, double spaced in
short bond paper and follows the following
format.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
1. Title page – should briefly and
accurately describe the contents of the
write-up. Words must be carefully chosen
to impart the right meaning.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
2. Table of Contents – This should contain the
different titles of each chapter of the report
including the title of each important subdivision
with the corresponding page number.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP

3. Abstract – should consist of short, concise descriptions of the problem and its
solution. It must be one page only with a maximum of 250 words. It must also
state the following:

■Purpose of the experiment/study

■Procedure

■Results

■Conclusions
Example:

Solar Portable
Outlet

Julie Ann N. Alicos


Elben Joseph P. Camama
John Michael G. Pablico
Abstract
This study aims to produce a rechargeable source of alternative
electricity that uses solar panel to recharge the battery. The procedure in
making Solar Portable Outlet (SPO) were carefully planned, studied,
constructed and performed. Based on the tests performed that SPO can be
used for 507.67 minutes for light bulb, 328 minutes for radio and 104.33
minutes for electric fan. The data also showed that for the charging time of
cell phones, laptop and flashlights using the Solar Portable Outlet and the
power from the PALECO has no significant difference. The Solar Portable
Outlet was fully charged in just 128.33 minutes. The researchers therefore
concluded that the Solar Portable Outlet can make devices like electric fan,
light bulb and radio work. It is also concluded that Solar Portable Outlet can
charge gadgets like cell phones, laptop and flash light and that there is no
significant difference between the charging time using the Solar Portable
Outlet and the electrical power from Palawan Electric Cooperative.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
4. Introduction – informs the reader on the
problem under study. It shows the nature of
scope and the problem, its historical and
theoretical background and a review of
literature relevant to the problem.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
4. Introduction
a. Background of the study – state the
rationale of the study. Explains briefly why
the investigator chose this study to work on.
Introduction
Background of the Study

Climate Change is now felt by people around the world and even in the
Philippines. Tropical Storm Ondoy (international codename: Ketsana) on September 25,
2009 causes a lot of destructions to properties. At least 10 people were reported dead or
more than 1,800 were forced to evacuate. Many homes have gone wasted. Former
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo even declared a state of calamity in Metro Manila and
in 25 Luzon provinces as heavy rains brought by the storm caused the worst flooding
seen in the capital in some 20 years. Close to 2,000 people in different areas in Metro
Manila were forced to flee their homes and major thoroughfares were closed to traffic.
(Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2009)
Introduction

The Monsoon rains last August 6, 2012 that strike the Metro
Manila causes 95 death casualties and a total number of affected people
rose to 4 million. According to the report of the National Disaster Risk
Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), a total of 95 people have
been confirmed dead, 68 of whom were due to drowning. Twelve of the
deaths were due to landslides, four due to electrocution, three due to a
lightning strike, three to heart attack, two to fallen trees, and one was due
to a nervous breakdown. Two deaths were still of undetermined causes,
the NDRRMC said. (Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2012)
Introduction
To avoid electrocution, power was cut in many parts of the city as a
protective measure in some districts to prevent people attempting to escape
the floodwaters from being electrocuted by fallen lines. But during those
times, communication lines should always be open, always listening to radios
and flash light are very important. But how can communication lines be open
all the time if the power was cut down? How can they listen to the radio if the
batteries are all out and how can the flash lights be used during night time for
how many days if they cannot charge the battery? Power is very important
during typhoon but because of unavoidable circumstances, power should be
cut down.
Introduction

Because of the said problem, the researchers


would like to produce a device, a portable outlet that is
solar powered, that can be charged during daytime and
can be used to charge gadgets that can help those who
are affected by calamities.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP

4. Introduction

b. Statement of Problem / Objectives – nature and scope of the problem


should be presented with clarity. Two types of objective may be presented.

○General objective – this is related to the problem as given in the early part of the section.

○Specific objective – this states the purpose of each experiment conducted


Statement of the Problem
This study aimed to make a Solar Portable Outlet
(SPO). Specifically, this study sought the answers to the
following questions.

1. How many hours will Solar Portable Outlet


(SPO) last while using the following wattage?

a. Light Bulb (9 watts)

b. Radio (10 watts)

c. Electric Fan (65 watts)


Statement of the Problem

2. How long will the charging of the following gadgets last


using SPO and the electric power produced by the Palawan
Electric Cooperative (PALECO)?
Cellular phone(0.93 amperes/ 3.5 Watts)

Laptop(4.32 amperes /65 watts )


Flashlight(0.67 amperes / 2 watts)



Statement of the Problem

●3. How long will the charging of the Solar Portable Outlet
(SPO) last using solar panel?
●4. Is there a significant difference between the charging time
in minutes of the cellular phone, laptop and flashlight using
SPO and the electric power produced by the Palawan Electric
Cooperative (PALECO).
Hypothesis

There is no significant difference


between the charging time in minutes of the
cellular phone, laptop and flashlight using
SPO and the electric power produced by the
Palawan Electric Cooperative (PALECO).
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-
UP
4. Introduction
c. Significance of the study –
states the importance of the study
Significance of the study
This study is significant because it will be a great help in many
people and even in the environment in many ways. One, is it is useful
especially in times of calamities such as typhoons where the power was
already cut down, where there are floods and people are already on their
rooftop to escape from the rushing water. Using the Solar Portable Outlet,
they can call for help if the problem is that the cell phone battery is already
out of charge. It can be used to charge their flashlights, as a source of power
for their radios, electric fans, and other appliances. Second, it is also useful
for adventurers who frequently go to many exploratory areas which are
usually not reached by electricity. It is also a help in conserving the
environment by utilizing energy coming from the sun. Moreover, since solar
energy is available at no cost, one can reduce its traditional electricity
consumption and will pay less in its electric bill.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-
UP
4. Introduction
d. Scope and limitations – state
the extent and coverage of the study.
Scope and Limitations
This study entitled Solar Portable Outlet
focused on producing a rechargeable source of
alternative electricity. The product makes use of
solar energy to recharge the battery. Solar
Portable Outlet is only limited on testing a 9
watts light bulb, a 10 watts radio, a 65 watts
electric fan and gadgets like cell phone (0.95
amperes), laptop (4.32 amperes) and flashlight
(1.3 amperes).
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
4. Introduction
e. Review of Related Literature – this gives the
sufficient background information that should be presented
for readers to understand and evaluate the results of the
study. Only the most important studies and theories written
on the topic should be included.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
5. Methodology – provides enough detail
so that a competent worker can repeat the
experiments. Careful writing is critically
important because the research results is to be
scientific merit. It must be productive.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
5. Methodology
a. Materials/Equipment – the exact technical
specifications, quantities and source of method or
preparation for all materials used should be given.
Specifically built equipment used in the study must be
described.
Methodology
Materials
For making the Solar Portable Outlet
The materials used in making Solar
Portable Outlet are two MF5L-B batteries 10-hr
5Ah, wire, inverter, 2 outlets, case, solar panel
(20 Volts), 2 inch nails, DC plug, hinge, screw,
switch, fuse, fuse protector, 8 eye terminals, volt
meter DC and AC.
Methodology
Materials

For Testing the Solar Portable Outlet


SPO, 9 watts light bulb, radio, electric fan,
solar panel, laptop, cellular phone, flashlight,
solar panel, and stopwatch
Methodology
Procedure

Making the case:

Using a saw, cut a one-inch thick ply board into six pieces: the front and the back,
each measuring 6 inches by 7 inches; the upper and the lower cover, each measuring 8 inches
by 9 inches; and the sides, both measures 8 inches by 9 inches. Connected all the pieces
except the front cover to form an open box using 2-inch nails and a hammer. Connected the
front cover of the box using two hinges. This served as the door of the rectangular case. Cut
another ply board (9 inches in length and 6 inches in width) which served as the divider of
the case. Connected it using a 2-inch nail and hammer. At a side of the case, made a
rectangular hole where the outlet can fit using driller. Placed a screw at the case’s door using
a screw driver to serve as the handle.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
5. Methodology
b. Treatment/General procedure – the manner and
sequence by which each experiment or set of observations were done
and how measurements were obtained should be described in detail.
Avoid using the “recipe style” when stating the step-by-step
procedure, use the narrative form in the past tense.
Methodology Procedure

Connecting the materials


and putting them
together
Methodology Procedure

Assembling the Parts


Methodology

The Solar Portable Outlet


Methodology
● Procedure for testing

● For test the Light bulb, radio and electric fan


●Gathered all the materials needed and made sure that
the SPO was fully charged. Plugged the 9 watts light bulb
and prepared the stopwatch. Started the device and the
stopwatch at the same time. Observed until the battery of
the SPO became low and recorded the time duration.
Repeated the same procedure using a radio and then the
electric fan.
Methodology

Testing a 9 watts light bulb


Methodology

Testing a ten watts light radio


Methodology

Testing a 65 watts electric fan


Methodology

For charging the cell phone, laptop and flashlight


Gathered all the materials needed and made sure that
the SPO was fully charged. Plugged the gadget in the SPO and
prepare the stopwatch. Started the charging of the gadget and
the stopwatch at the same time. Observed until the charging
was done and recorded the time duration of the charging.
Drained the Electric Cooperative (PALECO). Observed until
the charging was done and recorded the time duration of the
charging. Compared the results.
Methodology

Charging a 65
watts laptop
Methodology

Charging a 3.5
watts cell phone
Methodology

For Charging the Solar Portable Outlet


●Gathered all the materials needed and made sure that the SPO
had no charge. Placed the solar panel in an exposed area and
connected it to SPO. Prepared the stopwatch. Started the
charging of the SPO and the stopwatch at the same time.
Observed until the charging was done and recorded the time
duration of the charging. Repeated the same procedure two
times.
Methodology

Charging the Solar


Portable Outlet
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP
6. Results and discussion – this may
be divided into sub-sections describing each
set of experiment or observations.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP

6. Results and discussion

a. Findings - the data may be presented in full and


discussed descriptively in the text or these may be summarized
in tables, pictures, and graphs. The statistical test used to
determine the possible significance of the finding should be
described. Tables, pictures and graphs should make the
presentation of the data more meaningful.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-
UP
6. Results and discussion

b. Analysis of data – the interpretation of the


findings are discussed and the significant features
shown in the table, figures or graphs are pointed out.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP

7. Conclusion – the general truth implied or


illustrated by the results should be clearly stated. The
evidence on the results should be summarized for each
statement.
Conclusion

The researchers therefore conclude that the Solar Portable


Outlet can make devices like electric fan, light bulb and radio work.
It is also concluded that Solar Portable Outlet can charge gadgets like
cell phones, laptop and flash light and that there is no significant
difference between the charging time using the Solar Portable Outlet
and the electrical power from Palawan Electric Cooperative.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-UP

8. Recommendation – this consists of


suggestions on future actions such as new direction of
research or further experiments to be performed,
practices that might be adapted or discarded in order to
attain certain goals or objectives.
Recommendations

The researchers however encourage additional related


studies for clarification and determination of the capability of SOLAR
PORTABLE OUTLET. Other procedures may also be applied such as
improving the appearance of the product to be able to make it more
attractive, adding and improving some components to make the
product easier to use and improving the amperage of the battery to
be used to increase its capacity to carry more wattage and using
solar panel with higher voltage. The usage of automatic voltage
regulator (AVR) is also suggested for the increase in time duration of
usage of devices.
REQUIREMENTS FOR
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS
III. FORMAT OF A PROJECT WRITE-
UP
9. Bibliography – This is an essential part of any research paper. It prevents any
accusations of plagiarism and gives fair credit to the work of previous authors in the field.

○a list of the references used in guiding the research work and writing the paper (e.g. science journal articles, books,
internet sites) from your literature review.
THANK YOU AND GOD BLESS!