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Practice Quiz

Food Webs and Energy Pyramids


Monday’s Quiz
• Food webs
• Tropic levels
• Ecological succession
• Energy Pyramids
• Gross and net production
• Biomes (general characteristics)
(a) Indicate the three producers of this food
web.

(1)
(b) Identify the trophic level of each organism
named below. On the diagram opposite,
mark clearly the arrows of energy flow that
support your choice.
(i) Macrozooplankton

(1)
(ii) Weddell seal

(1)
(c) Determine the maximum percentage of
energy that may reach emperor penguins
from primary producers.
(a) Indicate the three producers of this food web.
T1
nanophytoplankton, bacteria, phytoplankton T1
Three correct answers needed for [1].
T2 T2 T3 T3 T2

(b) Identify the trophic level of each organism named below. T2


On the diagram opposite, mark clearly the arrows of energy
T1 T1
flow that support your choice. T1
T4 T2T3

(i) Macrozooplankton T5 T3 T4
primary or secondary consumer (depending on chain
marked)

(ii) Weddell seal


secondary, tertiary or / quaternary consumer (depending
on chain marked)

Marks may not be given if the


arrows are not marked on the
diagram.
(c) Determine the maximum percentage of energy
that may reach emperor penguins from primary
producers.
100%

10%
(c) Determine the maximum percentage of energy
that may reach emperor penguins from primary
producers. 1% 10% 100%
1%

.1% 1%
Identify the trophic level of the
organisms indicated below.
I:

IV:

(2)
(b) Calculate the approximate
amount of energy in kilojoules
transferred in m–2 yr–1 from
trophic level I to trophic level
II.
Identify the trophic level of the
organisms indicated below.
TC/T4
I: (primary) producer / autotroph;
SC/T3

IV: tertiary consumers / fourth level PC/T2 10 000


consumer; 2
Award [0] for “first” and “fourth”.
(2)
PP/T1
(b) Calculate the approximate
amount of energy in kilojoules
transferred in m–2 yr–1 from
trophic level I to trophic level
II.
10 000-20 000
(a) State the initial energy source
for the above food web.
(1)

(b) Deduce the trophic level of the


immature game fish.
(1)
(c) In the food web shown, identify
one heterotroph and one
autotroph.
heterotroph:
autotroph:
(a)State the initial energy source for the
above food web.
light / sunlight
(1) T3
(b) Deduce the trophic level of the
immature game fish.
secondary consumer
(1) T2
(c) In the food web shown, identify one
heterotroph and one autotroph.
heterotroph:
autotroph:
heterotroph: immature game fish / trout / pike / shad T1
/ zooplankton; 1 max

autotroph: phytoplankton;
Two correct answers needed for full credit
4. This diagram represents a simple food chain. In which ways is energy lost between the trophic levels?

I. Heat loss through cell respiration


II. Material not consumed
III. Material not assimilated

A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. II and III only
D. I, II and III
4. This diagram represents a simple food chain. In which ways is energy lost between the trophic levels?

I. Heat loss through cell respiration


II. Material not consumed
III. Material not assimilated

A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. II and III only
D. I, II and III
Note: that the seasons in the Antarctic are reversed from those in the northern hemisphere.

(a) State the trophic level of echinoderm larvae.

(1)
(b) Identify the period during which the
spawning of echinoderm lies between
25% and 75%.
(1)

(c) Explain the relationship between the


seasons and the concentration of
phytoplankton.
Note: that the seasons in the Antarctic are reversed from those in the northern hemisphere.

(a) State the trophic level of echinoderm larvae.


primary consumer (1)

(b) Identify the period during which the


spawning of echinoderm lies between 25%
and 75%. (1)

May to June 1993 (+/- 1 month);


Aug to Sept 1994 (+/- 1 month);
Note: that the seasons in the Antarctic are reversed from those in the northern hemisphere.

(c) Explain the relationship between the


seasons and the concentration of
phytoplankton.
there is a rise in the population starting every
(Antarctic) summer;

every year numbers remain low from March


until November / from fall until the beginning
of summer;

no data available for spring 1994;

increase in numbers coincides with increase in


light;

decrease in numbers during fall / autumn;


Note: that the seasons in the Antarctic are reversed from those in the northern hemisphere.

(d) Outline the effect of sea water


temperature on echinoderm larvae numbers.

lowest sea water temperature is


associated with highest numbers of
larvae;

larvae numbers increase when


temperature drops below –1.5°C

no larvae at temperatures above –1.5°C

bigger increase in numbers during July /


September 1993 than in July / September
1994 although temperatures the same;
Scoring
• Out of 17 pts