You are on page 1of 46

LTE Handover Fault Dia

gnosis

www.huawei.com

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Objectives
 Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
 Deep understand the handover procedure
 Solve the typical handover fault

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page3
Contents
1. Handover Procedure Review
2. Handover KPI Introduction
3. Handover Fault Analysis
4. Case Study

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page4
Typical X2 Handover Flow
 See note page

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page5
Key Message – Measurement Configu
ration

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page6
Key Message – Measurement Report
 Both include serving cel
l and neighbor cell
 PCI should be included a
s an indicator of neighb
or cell.
 Multiple neighbor cells
measurement results coul
d be combined inside

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page7
Key Message – Handover Request

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page8
Key Message – Handover Acknowledgment

 After target eNodeB adm


itted handover in servi
ce, it sends handover a
cknowledgment message
to source cell, includi
ng:
Transparent RRC
 ERAB admitted list
handover command
 Transparent RRC handove
r command

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page9
Key Message – RRC Handover Command
 Source eNodeB send RRC ha
ndover command to UE, inc
luding:
 Target cell PCI
 Radio resource configura
tion
 RACH configuration
 Handover security config
uration

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page10
Contents
1. Handover Procedure Review
2. Handover KPI Introduction
3. Handover Fault Analysis
4. Case Study

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page11
Handover Success Rate Evaluation

Handover preparation A
attempts

B
Handover execution
attempts

C
Handover execution
Success

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page12
Relevant Counters – Intra eNB HO

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page13
Relevant Counters – Inter eNB HO

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page14
Handover Preparation Failure Conte
r

Measurement Description
Counter
L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.MM Number of outgoing handover preparation
E failures due to faults in the EPC
L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.No Number of outgoing handover preparation
Reply failures due to no responses from the target
cell
L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.Pre Number of outgoing handover preparation
pFailure failures due to handover preparation failures
at the target cell
L.HHO.Prep.FailOut.HO Number of outgoing handover failures due
Cancel to handover cancellation messages sent by
the source cell

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page15
Contents
1. Handover Procedure Review
2. Handover KPI Introduction
3. Handover Fault Analysis
4. Case Study

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page16
Contents
3. Handover Fault Analysis
3.1 Typical Handover Fault Scenarios

3.2 Generic Procedure


3.2 Problem Diagnosis & Analysis

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page17
Early Handover

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page18
Delayed Handover

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page19
Delayed Handover (Cont.)

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page20
Contents
3. Handover Fault Analysis
3.1 Typical Handover Fault Scenarios
3.2 Generic Procedure

3.2 Problem Diagnosis & Analysis

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page21
Procedure for Fault Analysis
 Step 1: Located fault point
 From the tracing message, we can located the handover f
ault point, there’re 3 key fault points during handove
r procedure
 No measurement report
 No handover command
 No handover complete message

 Step 2: Analyze the root cause


 Channel quality issue
 Configuration issue
 Transmission quality issue

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page22
Generic Analysis Method
 Channel quality problem
 Observe RSRP,RSRQ, SINR IBLER, DL/UL grant from driver test too
ls
 Observer performance monitoring from M2000 including scheduling s
tatistic, CQI report, MCS, SINR eg.
 Configuration problem
 Check the neighbor/ANR configuration
 Check the X2 configuration
 Check EPC authentication & security configuration
 Transmission problem
 Check relevant alarm
 Check the latency using some packet analysis tools

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page23
Contents
3.3 Problem Diagnosis & Analysis
3.3.1 No measurement report
3.3.2 No handover command
3.3.3 No handover complete message

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page24
Problem Analysis –No Measurement
Control Message
 Scenario : eNodeB doesn’t send measurement control
message
 Solution: Check related handover switch

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page25
Problem Analysis – Black List Con
figuration
 Scenario : UE receives measurement control message, b
ut UE doesn’t send any measurement report
 Possible cause:
 The neighbor cell is in black list. In the SIB message e
NdoeB delivers all black cell list, then UE doesn’t mea
sure any of these cells
 Solution: check if all the neighbor belongs to black
list
 LST INTRAFREQBLKCELL
 LST INTERFREQBLKCELL

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page26
Problem Analysis – Poor DL Quali
ty

 Scenario : UE receives measurement control message, b


ut UE doesn’t send any measurement report

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page27
General Coverage Requirement for H
andover
 RSRP: More than -110dBm
 RSRQ: More than -3dB

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page28
Problem Analysis –Parameters Set
ting
 Due to improper parameters setting, the criteria for
sending measurement report is very difficult
 Related parameters:
 A3 event: Mn+Ofn+Ocn-Hys > Ms+Ofs+Ocs+Off
 Ocn can be adjusted to easily trigger the report sending
 A4 event: Mn+Ofn+Ocn-Hys > Thresh
 Ocn can be adjusted to easily trigger the report sending

 Solution : This case is considered as delayed handove


r, we can enable MRO feature to optimize it automatic
ally

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page29
Contents
3.3 Problem Diagnosis & Analysis
3.3.1 No measurement report
3.3.2 No handover command
3.3.3 No handover complete message

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page30
Problem Analysis – No Available Ne
ighbor Configuration

 Neighbor can be configured by manual or ANR

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page31
Handover Flow with ANR

 ANR request UE support CGI report capability

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page32
Problem Analysis – Target Cell Ad
mission Failure

 Due to the high load of target cell, it rejects the a


dmission of handover in service
 Solution: Enable relevant load control algorithms on
target cell

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page33
Problem Analysis – Transmission F
ailures

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page34
Problem Analysis – Transmission F
ailures (Cont.)

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page36
Contents
3.3 Problem Diagnosis & Analysis
3.3.1 No measurement report
3.3.2 No handover command
3.3.3 No handover complete message

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page37
Problem Analysis – Poor DL Cover
age

 Due to poor DL coverage of source cell, UE can’t dec


ode handover command

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page38
Problem Analysis – Poor UL Cover
age

RLF Occurs

 Due to poor uplink channel quality, eNodeB doesn’t r


eceive random access preamble until UE sends maximum
preambles
Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page39
Contents
1. Handover Procedure Review
2. Handover KPI Introduction
3. Handover Fault Analysis
4. Case Study

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page40
Case 1: Inter TA Handover Due to M
issing IP Path
 Description: In one project, we find a lot of handove
r failure. From the statistic, we observe that most o
f these failures happen between inter TA cell.
 Analysis
 From the tracing message, we see that the failure cause
is handover preparation failure, the failure cause is
GTUP resource not available

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page41
Analysis

 In the handover request message, source eNodeB delive


r the target GTPU ID (SGW IP address) to let target e
NodeB setup uplink S1 bearer directly. We check the I
P address of SGW in the message, and find that it is
not identical with target eNodeB configuration

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page42
Solution
 Later we confirm this issue, this TA border is also the borde
r of two regions which use different SGW. And in each region
,only one IP path is configured for current eNodeB to SGW. So
the handover will be failure when cross the different SGW.
 Solution
 Configure S1 IP path from the target eNodeB to source SGW, then
the problem is solved
 Suggestion: This is a very typical problem, on the border cel
l of inter SGW, we should remember to configure the IP path t
o the SGW which belongs to the target cell as well.

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page43
Case 2: Handover Failure Due to No
Handover Command
 Description: UE sends measurement report to eNB sever
al times , but no feed back from eNodeB
 Tracing message from eNodeB

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page44
Case 2 – Analysis
 From the previous message, we can see that before the
measurement report, eNB sends one “RRC reconfigurati
on” message, but the UE doesn’t feedback the comple
te message.
 Then we check trace on UE side, and find that UE does
n’t receive the RRC reconfiguration message

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page45
Case 2 – Conclusion
 Due to poor DL coverage, UE doesn’t receive the RRC
reconfiguration message, thus no complete feedback. A
s the previous RRC reconfiguration procedure is not c
ompleted, eNodeB is still waiting for reconfiguration
feedback and measurement report is not processed.

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page46
Summary
 Handover flow analysis
 Troubleshooting for typical handover fault

Copyright © 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Page47
Thank you
www.huawei.com