viewing. and principles but will leave open unanswered questions that need to be investigated. (e. theer-ee] from ancient Greek word THEORIA meaning looking at.. laws. speculating. contemplating.g. consistent with other validated theories. generalizable.} system of ideas that is proposed to explain a given phenomenon. used by the practitioners to guide and improve their practice. increasing the general body of knowledge within the discipline through the research implemented to validate them. . theory of gravity) CHARACTERISTICS OF THEORY: } } } } } } logical in nature. bases for hypotheses that can be tested. THEORY   [thee-uh-ree.

Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin .


Nightingale¶s Environment theory .

html .com/nursing_theory/introduction.concepts phenomena assumptions definitions http://currentnursing.

or events. } Building CONCEPT   [kon-sept] From Greek word CONCEPTUM meaning something ´conceivedµ . } are words that describe objects. properties.blocks of theories. } are basically vehicles of thought that involve images.

. so that it can therefore be significantly characterized as either true or false. PROPOSITION   [prop-uh-zish-uhn] From Greek word PROPOSICIO . setting out in words.a setting forth.} are statements that explain the relationship between the concepts. } a statement in which something is affirmed or denied.

PARADIGM   [par-uh-dahym. A set of assumptions. concepts. and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them. especially in an intellectual discipline. -dim] From Greek word PARADIGMA pattern to show side by side .} } Pattern of shared understandings and assumptions about reality and the world. values.

and nursing METAPARADIGM  From Greek word META meaning ´withµ and PARADIGMA meaning ´patternµ. health. . environment.} based on four theoretical concepts of nursing: person.

MODEL  [mod-l] . generally in miniature. are representations of the interaction among and between the concepts showing patterns.} } a representation. .Also termed as paradigms. to show the construction or appearance of something.


 is an organized and systematic articulation of a set of statements related to questions in the discipline of nursing. relationships. systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts for the purposes of describing. is a set of concepts.  . definitions. predicting. and assumptions or propositions derived from nursing models or from other disciplines and project a purposive. and /or prescribing. explaining.

Identifies specific phenomena through abstract concepts. Depending On Function (Polit et al 2001) ‡Descriptive-to identify the properties and workings of a discipline ‡Explanatory-to examine how properties relate and thus affect the discipline ‡Predictive-to calculate relationships between properties and how they occur ‡Prescriptive -to identify under which conditions relationships occur B.A. ‡Grand theory: articulate a broad range of the significant relationships among the concepts of a discipline . Depending on the Generalizability of their principles ‡Metatheory: the theory of theory.

who enables individuals to adapt to or cope with ill health. selfesteem. and hardiness ‡Practice theory: explores one particular situation found in nursing. ‡´Interactionµ theories: revolve around the relationships nurses form with patients. D. ‡´Outcome ´theories: portray the nurse as the changing force. ¡   . .‡Middle range theory: focus on exploration of concepts such as pain. ‡Humanistic theories: developed in response to the psychoanalytic thought that a person·s destiny was determined early in life. Based on the philosophical underpinnings of the theories ‡´Needs ´theories: based around helping individuals to fulfil their physical and mental needs. Principles of the discipline can e identified. It identifies explicit goals and details how these goals will be achieved. learning.


families. Includes individuals.  Recipient of nursing care. . groups and communities.

social. 1969) Is a highly personal state in which a person·s physical. mental and social well-being. intellectual.HEALTH } ILLNESS } } A state of complete physical. or spiritual functioning is thought to be diminished. (WHO. (Nightingale. . and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. 1948) A state of being well and using every power the individual possesses to the fullest extent. developmental. emotional.

circumstances.all the conditions. and influences surrounding and affecting the development of an organism or person. INTERNAL FACTORS } Biologic EXTERNAL FACTORS } Standards dimension } Psychologic dimension } Cognitive dimension of living } Environment } Family and cultural beliefs } Social support network .

The attributes. . characteristics. the client. and actions of the nurse providing care in behalf of. or in conjunction with.

. NURSING PRACTICE Facilitates reflection. NURSING RESEARCH Continuous research in nursing opens new theoretical perspectives that provides an essential service by identifying gaps in the way we approach specific fields of study. To transmit the body of nursing knowledge to those who will practice. and do research in nursing. teach. lead.NURSING EDUCATION Is used primarily to establish the profession·s place in universities. questioning and thinking on what nurses do.

articlesbase.prenhall.html#ixzz0rT7oDYoF .REFERENCES: Kozier B.edu/faculty/LAndrews/Nursing Theory.com/nursing_theory/introduction.com/kozier www.ppt http://currentnursing. (2004) Fundamentals of Nursing (7th edition) www.com/health-articles/frameworks-in-nursing-theory-andpractical-89990.rsu. Erb.html ://www. Fall 2002. G.

Jingco.THANK YOU! Jonilynn Ann G. RN .

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