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Ergonomics

ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM

What is Ergonomics?
• “Ergonomics is an applied science concerned
with the design of workplaces, tools, and tasks
that match the physiological, anatomical, and
psychological characteristics and capabilities of
the worker.” Vern Putz-Anderson

• “The Goal of ergonomics is to ‘fit the job to the
person,’ rather than making the person fit the
job.” Ergotech

• “If it hurts when you are doing something, don’t
do it.” Bill Black
ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM

guidelines are in place and greater use of technology ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM . Evolution of Ergonomics • Dates back to Ramazzini 1700’s • Gained significance during WWII for airplane cockpit layout • Progressed slowly until the 80’s and 90’s with the advent of the computer and more efficient workplace design • Now.

Why do we care about Ergonomics? ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

1996 ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .Musculoskelatal Disorders (MSDs) Represent 1 in 3 Lost Time Injuries MSDs Contact with Objects Workplace Violence All Other Transportation Related Falls Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Annual Survey.

MSDs Cost Twice the Average Workers’ Compensation Claim 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 MSDs of the Back Upper Extremity MSDs Average Claim Average Costs per Claim ($) Source: Workers’ Compensation data from Insurance Companies 1993 ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Types of Injuries • Muscle pain • Repetitive motion injury • Joint pain • Cumulative trauma • Swelling disorder • Numbness • Musculoskeletal disorder • Restricted motion • Repetitive stress injury ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Target Regions • Back • Upper extremities • Lower extremities ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Multidisciplinary Nature of Ergonomics • Anatomy and Physiology • Engineering Psychology • Engineering • Medicine • Anthropology • Biomechanics ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

1986 ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .Types of Problems or Mismatches • Physical Size • Endurance • Strength • Manipulative • Environmental • Cognitive From David Alexander.

Physical Size • Clearance • Reach • Equipment Size • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Endurance (Capacity for Work) ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Environmental • Noise • Lighting • Thermal • Chemical ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Cognitive • Machine Pacing • Shift Work • Morale • Psychosocial ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Strength • Force Requirements • Male/Female • Manual Materials Handling ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Benefits of Ergonomics • Decreased injury risk • Increased productivity • Decreased mistakes/rework • Increased efficiency • Decreased lost work days • Decreased turnover • Improved morale ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Goals of Intervention • Tolerable • Acceptable • Optimal ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Ergonomic Controls • Engineering • Administrative • Work Practices ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Other Issues • Aging workforce • Universal design ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

Sanitation Tools and Process Exercise • Describe tools • Awkward Postures During Sanitation – Accessibility – Maintainability • What are some of the most difficult tasks • Job Safety Analysis ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .

What does the worker need to know from this presentation? ERGONOMICS :: TRAIN-THE-TRAINER PROGRAM .