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Anthropology, culture and education

Dona Surizal
15178058
Anthropology, culture and education

Anthropology, the
science of man
and his work
(Herskovitz)

Physical
Cultural anthropology –
anthropology –
deals with humans as
concerned
cultural animals; the
primarily with
branch of anthropology
humans as
that focuses on human
biological
behavior
organism

Archeology –
Ethnology or
studies materials
Linguistic social
remains, usually
anthropology – anthropology –
in order to
studies human studies cultures
describe and
language from the historical
explain human
point of view.
behavior
Anthropologists
EB. Taylor (1832-1917) who first makes the definition of culture: as a "complex whole
which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs and other skills and habits
acquired by man as a member of society" (1958)

B. Malinowski (1884-1942) that gave birth to the functional theory, society is


seen as a functional totality. The entire customs and habits and practices must
be understood in the totality of context and explained by looking at the function
for members of the public concerned (1922).

Redcliffe-Brown (1881-1995) which gave birth to the theory of structural functionalism.


Community and social structure is seen as the same organism with the anatomy of the
body. The body can be healthy, but it can hurt by specific causes. Perhaps there are
certain organs are disturbed function (1952).

Claude Levi Strauss (born 1908) founder and inventor of structuralism theory analysis
method cultural elements with culinary methods. A method which consists of three
types: Raw-cooked-fermentation (fermentation). To understand the system of thought
on society in folklore, analyzed in the light of binary oppositions (male & ndash;
women, ripe, raw, earth-sky, top-down, etc.) (cf., Ivan Baal, 1970).
Culture

1. Culture (Ways of Life) to think, how to act, and a way of


feeling that is manifested, for example in religion, law,
language, arts, and customs, as well as in material
culture, such as shelter, clothing, and equipment
2. culture as behavior is learned and experienced together
(mind, action and feeling) of a given society, including
artifact-artifact, studied in the sense that the behavior
was submitted (transmitted) socially and not inherited
genetically, experienced together in the sense well
practically by all community members or groups within a
society.
Culture and society

• a local resident who


worked in the long
culture term to achieve
certain goals;

• the way of life of the


community, or the
society things they Think,
feel, and do
Technology, such as Social organizations such as the
the tools used by a activities of the institutions
culture to the world involved in behavior between
manifulation members of one another Ideology
existence. as a knowledge of culture,
values and beliefs.
Universal is whatever, which
The artifacts were
is the thoughts, deeds,
acquired and socially
feelings and artifacts
experienced as cars
commonly known by adults
and skyscrapers.
in a community
Specialities are symptoms
The idea is learned
that are internalized by only
and experienced as
members of social groups,
belief in one god
such as working groups of
mighty and hostility
skilled and professional
to communism
groups

Activities are Alternatives are


learned and symptoms that lived by
experienced as only certain individuals,
running a car, Content of culture
such as the priests,
dating, go watch painters and
it in the theater. philosophers.
characteristi
cs

organic and
Overat and ekspilsit and Ideal dan
super
Covert implisit manifes
organic
The reletionship between education and anthropology

1. Education included into the general process


known as enkulturasii growth of children
initiated into the life of society. To know the
dynamics of inculturation, because inculturation
affect education, we must turn to anthropology.
2. Education is to perpetuate the results of cultural
achievements.
3. Anthropology also able to contribute to
education by studying educational methods
other cultures both simple and modern.
4. anthropology must necessarily constitute a
systemic study, not only in the practice of
education cultural persfectif, but also about the
assumptions reflected by educational practices.
conclusion

1. anthropology is a science that describes a


culture or habits that come up that becomes the
way of life of individuals or social group in
society including the way of thinking, how to
act and how to find the manifate in (religion,
law, language, and art), and habit material
culture habit in the form of shelter, clothing and
food.
2. Education that covers every process that is
shaping the mind, character or physical capacity
of someone that lasts a lifetime.
3. The reletionship ofEducation with
anthropology, that is how anthropology
contribute to education by studying cultures
found in society both simple and modern.