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Philippine

Republic Period
(1945-1972)

MARIZ B. REFORSADO & ANA FRANCHESKA C. RAZO

CURRICULUM .

AIM: The full realization of the democratic ideals and way of life GOAL: Promotion of equal educational opportunities for all .

A. PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC: • 1954 R. 1265 Making flag ceremony compulsory in all educational institutions . 1079 Made permanent the civil service eligibility of teachers • 1955 R.A.

colleges.A 1425 Or Rizal law Directs all public and private schools. 202 PCSPE . and universities to include in their curricula courses or subjects on the life. Jose Rizal • 1966 R.A.• 1956 R. and writings of Dr.A. 4670 Magna Carta for Public School Teachers • 1968 Executive Order no.Presidential Commission to Survey the Philippine Education R. 5447 Special Education Fund Act . works.

and established a ten-year educational development program. • Proclamation 1081 of 1972 Department of Education became the Department of Education and Culture .• 1972 PD 6A or Educational Decree of 1972 Provided for the national development goals and the aims of the educational system.

CURRICULUM: • Integrative-Activity Program • The Broad field Curriculum • Experience Curriculum Organization • Development of local supplementary curriculum materials • Resources units • Curriculum Guides .

• Democratic teaching methods • Group processes • Bilingualism APPROACHES: • Interdisciplinary and Integrative . METHODS: • The use of vernacular as a medium of instruction in the first two grades.

-has been preserved to a develop a proper attitude towards work. ELEMENTARY LEVEL: • Vocational education -has been introduced as part of educational program of Bureau of Public Schools. to develop certain vocational skills and to enhance the agricultural-industrial development of the country .

SIX MAJOR AREAS (Elementary Level) 1. Home industries and trade industrial Education 5. Fishery home economics 4. Agricultural Education 2. Trade courses for girls . Trade industrial Education 6. Business Education 3.

• Work and value oriented. SECONDARY LEVEL: • Practical arts course were included. • Single track curriculum • Focuses neither on college preparation nor vocational skills • Actual work experiences. academic subjects and proper integration of subject matter. .

• Teacher. medical and nursing trainees are ask to train for some time in rural areas. .Center of teacher-training institutions all over the country implementing educational projects. COLLEGE LEVEL: • Philippine Normal College .

Materials and Methods used: (College Level) • Textbooks • Teaching materials • Visual aids • Case study method • Open dialogue • Project method • Syndicated work .

• Teaching should be subject matter- centered. ROLES of EDUCATION: • The methodology is not anymore spoon-feeding but teaching the students how to learn and unlearn. . to think and decide by themselves.