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In-situ conservation method in which organisms are

protected in their natural habitats.


WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
These are forest areas declared as protected areas to
prevent the extinction of wild lives by protecting the
ecosystem
.Peppara,Periyar,Wayanad etc.,are examples of wild life
sanctuaries in kerala.
NATIONAL PARKS

National parks are designed to protect wild lives along


with protection of historical monuments,natural
resources and geographical features of an area.
Eravikulam,Silent Valley,Anamudi shola,Mathikettan
shola and Pambadum Shola are the national parks in
kerala.
COMMUNITY RESERVES
Community Reserves are areas protected with the
participation of the public .
These are ecologically important places located in
populated areas.
The Kadalundi Community Reserves spread over the
districts of Malappuram and Kozhikode is an example .
BIOSPHERE RESERVES

These are vast regions designed with an aim to protect


world’s im[portant ecosystems,biodiversity and genetic
resources.
Biosphere reserves like the nilgiris and
agasthyarkoodam include areas belonging to kerala
too.
SACRED GROVES

These are small areas of biodiversity protected in


regions inhabited by human biengs.
Due to changes in life style many of these which were
highly bio-rich have been destroyed.
Only a few are remaining now.
Play an important role in conservation of water in the
region too.
ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS

Ecological hotspots are areas rich in endemic species


but facing the threat of habitat destruction.
Each hotspot is ecologically a very important areas of
biodiversity.
Out of the 34 hotspots all over the world ,3 of them are
in India.
They are the Western Ghats,North-Eastern Himalayas
and the Indo-Burma region.