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Summer Training

at
Electric Loco Shed, Tughlakabad, New Delhi
INTRODUCTION
• The first railway on Indian sub-continent ran from Bombay to Thane on
16th April 1853.
• Fourteen railway carriages carried about 400 guests from Bombay to
Thane covering a distance of 21 miles (34 Kilometers).
• Today, it covers 8000 stations over a total route length of more than
66,028 kilometers.
• Indian Railways runs around 11,000 trains every day, of which 7,000 are
passenger trains. Presently, 9 pairs of Rajdhani and 13 pairs of Shatabdi
Express Trains run on the rail tracks of India.
• Indian railways, the largest rail network in Asia and the world’s second
largest under one management are also credited with having a multi
gauge and multi traction system.
Organization Overview
For administrative convenience Indian Railways is primarily
divided into 17 zones:
Electric Loco Shed, Tughlakabad
• The Electric Loco Shed was set up in 1988 by Railway Electrification
Organization (8910 sq meters).
• The main purpose of the shed is to maintain the Electric Locomotive.
• the Models are WAM 4, WAG 5, WAG7, WAP7, and WAG9.
• Present Loco holding is around 250+.
• The WAG 9 & WAP 7 are the 3 phase loco .
• WAM 4, WAG 5 & WAG 7 are the conventional type of loco.
• The main difference between the conventional and the three phase loco is
that the three phase loco requires the three phase induction motor and
the conventional loco requires the DC Series motor.
• WAG 9 model Loco is the latest model of the loco with the system of
regenerative braking and also it uses various power electronics
applications in it.
1.WAM 4:-

Traction Motors : Alstom TAO 659 A1 (575 kW, 750 V). Six motors,
axle-hung, nose-suspended, force-ventilated.
Gear Ratio : 15:62 originally
Transformer : Heil BOT 3460 A, 22.5 kV / 3460 kVA.
Rectifiers : Two silicon rectifier cells, 1270 V / 1000 A each
cubicle.
Axle load : 18.8t
Bogies : Alco asymmetric trimount (Co-Co)
Pantographs : Two Faiveley AM-12.
Hauling capacity : 2,010 t (1,980 long tons; 2,220 short tons)
Current Ratings : (WAM-4 6P) 1100A/10min, 750A continuous
WAM-4 in TKD LOCO SHED
2.WAG 5:-

Traction Motors : Alstom TAO 659 (575kW, 750V, 1070 rpm) or TAO
656; or Hitachi HS 15250A, Axle-hung, nose-
suspended. Six motors.
Gear Ratio : 62:16 or 62:15 with Alstom motors, some 64:18
(Hitachi motors), many now 58:21 for mixed use.
Transformer : BHEL, type HETT-3900,3900kVA, 22.5kV, 182A,32
taps.
Rectifiers : Silicon rectifiers (two) using 64 S-18FN-350 diodes
each from Hind Rectifier. 2700A / 1050V per
cubicle.
Axle load : 20t
Bogies : Co-Co cast bogies
Max. Haulage : 2375t
Pantographs : Two Faiveley AM-12
Current Ratings : 1100A/10min, 750A continuous
WAG-5A in TKD LOCO SHED
3.WAG 7:-
Traction Motors : Hitachi HS15250-G (thicker wire gauge, better
insulation);Motors built by CLW and BHEL.
Gear Ratio : 65:18 (65:16)
Transformer : CCL India, type CGTT-5400, 5400kVA, 32 taps.
Rectifiers : Two silicon rectifiers, cell type S18FN350 (from
Hind Rectifier), 64 per bridge, 2700A / 1050V per
cubicle.
Axle load : 20.5t
Hauling Capacity : 3010t
Pantographs : Two Stone India (Calcutta) type AN-12.
Current Ratings : 1350A/2min, 1200A/10min, 960A/hr, 900A
continuous
WAG-7 in TKD LOCO SHED
4.WAP 7:-

Traction Motors : 6FRA 6068 3-phase squirrel-cage induction


motors (850kW, 2180V, 1283/2484 rpm,
270/310A. Weight 2100kg, forced-air
ventilation, axle-hung, nose-suspended. Torque
6330/7140Nm. 95% efficiency.)
Gear Ratio : 72:20
Axle load : 20.5t
Bogies : Co-Co, ABB bogies
Transformer : 7500 kVA
Body width : 3152mm
Cab length : 2434mm
WAP 7
5.WAG 9:-

Traction Motors : ABB's 6FRA6068 (850kW, 2180V, 1283/2484 rpm,


270/310A. Weight 2100kg) Axle-hung, nose-suspended.
Gear Ratio : 77:15 / 64:18
Transformer : ABB's LOT 6500, 4x1450kVA.
Hauling capacity : 4250t
Bogies : Co-Co, ABB bogies
Wheel base : 1570mm
Axle load : 20.5t
Body width : 3152mm
Cab length : 2434mm
Pantographs : Two Secheron ES10 1Q3-2500.
WAG-9 in TKD LOCO SHED
OVERVIEW OF SECTIONS

1. SECTION M1- CONTACTOR SECTION

A contactor is a special type of switch used for closing and opening of


high voltage circuits and it can be remote controlled from driver’s desk
whenever necessary.
TYPES OF CONTACTORS: There are four types of contactors used on
locos.

•Electromagnetic Contactors
•Electro pneumatic Contactors
•Drum type Contactors
•Cam Contactors
2. SECTION M2- RELAY SECTION

Relay is a sensitive device provided to ensure proper


functioning of an apparatus either in the electrical circuit or
pressure/fluid circuit to safe guard the apparatus during any
abnormalities.

Pressure Relays: - RGCP, QPDJ, P1, P2, RGAF, SWC, RGEB1,


RGEB2

Magnet Valves: VEPT 1&2, VEF, VEAD, ULV 1,2&3, IP,


VESA1,2,3,4,

Special type of Magnet valves: - MV4, D1 pilot (VEF- E+M


combined)
3.SECTION M3- TRACTION MOTOR SECTION

A traction motor is an electric motor used for propulsion of a


vehicle, such as an electric locomotive or electric roadway vehicle.
And this section maintains the working of the traction motor.

Traction motors running parallel in TKD LOCO SHED


4. SECTION M4- BOGIE SECTION

Initially electric locomotives were imported. But at present


Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) is manufacturing electric
locomotives of all types. The manufacturing capacity of CLW is 120
locos per year. There are three types of bogies generally used in
Electric Locos.

•B-B Type
•Bo-Bo Type
•Co-Co Type
5. SECTION M5- COMPRESSOR AND EXHAUSTER
SECTION

The purpose of the compressors is to build up compressed air


required for various purposes in the locomotive. The Exhausters
MPV 1 & 2 is provided for creating and maintaining Vacuum on train
pipe. These motors starts working through the remote control switch
BLPV. And hence Section M5 helps in maintaining the Compressor
and Exhausters used in the locomotive.
5.SECTION M5- PANTOGRAPH SECTION

It is a collapsible framework mounted on loco roof.


Pantograph is mounted on four base insulators. This frame is
made of several metallic tubes and springs.
6. SECTION M6- MOH(Major Overall) SECTION
This section opens the engine internal parts and supplies it to its
respective section for the maintenance and repairing of the various
equipments used in the Locomotive.

Workshop - Electric Loco Shed Tughlakabad(TKD)


7. SECTION M7- PNEUMATIC SECTION

This section deals mainly in the mechanical section such as


braking and maintenance of the compressed air in the pipes.
8. SECTION M8- POWER SECTION

This section is main as in terms of electrical as it deals with the


power equipments such as VCB (vacuum circuit breaker), tap
changer, transformer, BDV (breakdown voltage analysis), DGA
(dissolve gas analysis) etc.
9. SECTION M9- ELECTRONICS SECTION

This section is the maintenance of power electronics which is the


latest technology being used in the latest locomotive such as SL
(smoothening reactors), CHBA (battery charger), SIV (static
converter), AC damping panel etc.
10.SECTION M10- WHEEL SECTION
This section mainly deals with the repairing of the wheels
and greasing of it. Generally in all locomotives solid wheel
is used due to the needs of increase traffic, higher speed,
steeper gradients all of which demand stronger braking.
CLASSIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVES

The classification of Electric locomotives is based on the type of


service used for. The alphabet stands for: