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THE SACRAMENT OF

HOLY ORDERS
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Order – a group or governing body.
Ordination – incorporation into an “ordo” (order)

Today, Ordination is…


The sacramental act that integrates a man into the order of
bishops (episcoporum), priests (presbyterorum), and deacons
(diaconorum)
HOLY ORDERS
AS A SACRAMENT OF VOCATION
VOCATION

Latin “vocare” meaning to call


The vocation of every Christian is to
respond to Christ’s call
THEOLOGY OF HOLY ORDERS
The ministerial priesthood and the
common priesthood of all faithful
participate, each in its own proper
way, in the one priesthood of Christ.
The ministerial priesthood differs
however because it confers a sacred
power of the service of the faithful
whereby the ordained ministries
exercise their service for the People of
God by teaching, divine worship and
pastoral governance.
TWO KINDS OF PRIESTHOOD
1. Common Priesthood – received through Baptism
2. Ministerial Priesthood – received through
Ordination
DEFINITION

Holy Order is the “sacrament of apostolic


ministry through which, the mission
entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues
to be exercised in the Church to the end of
time
BIBLICAL FOUNDATIONS
IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
God chose one of the
twelve sons of Israel,
Levi, and his
descendants, and set
them apart for liturgical
service
(Leviticus 8: 1-12)
IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
The Catholic Tradition has brought the Four Basic
Dimensions of Christian Ministry together in the
priesthood:
1. Disciple – follow Jesus
2. Apostle – someone who is sent
3. Presbyter – an elder responsible for the pastoral
care of the Church
4. Presider at the Eucharist – the priest acts in persona
Christi
CHRIST: THE UNIQUE
MEDIATOR BETWEEN
GOD AND MAN
CHRIST: THE UNIQUE HIGH PRIEST
Christ is the unique high
priest after the order of
Melchizedek (Heb. 5:10),
holy, blameless, unstained
(Heb. 7:26), by a single
offering he has perfected
for all time those who are
sanctified.
Episcopate
DEGREES OF HOLY ORDERS Presbyterate
Diaconate
THE EPISCOPATE (BISHOPS)
To teach
To govern
To sanctify
THE PRESBYTERATE (PRESBYTERS)
Co-workers of the
bishops
THE DIACONATE (DEACONS)
To serve the People of
God in liturgy, in
preaching and in works
of charity
THE ESSENTIAL RITE
OF HOLY ORDERS
Matter – Laying on of Hands
Form – Prayer of Ordination
Minister – bishop (Local
Ordinary)
Recipient – a baptized man (vir)
CELIBACY
the renunciation of the right to marry for the sake of
the Kingdom of God.

* St. Paul: enabling the person to serve Christ


with greater freedom