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CALCITE EFFECT ON STRENGTH

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COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE

MLV PRASAD

OUTLINE

• Objective of the Project

• Introduction

• Materials Used

• Experimental Programme

• Concrete Mix Design

• Casting & Testing of Specimens

• Results

• Conclusion

OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT

concrete.

• To Improve Self Healing capacity of in-situ

concrete.

• To increase the Workability of concrete.

• To decrease the Voids present in Concrete.

• To get the comparison b/w Normal and Calcite

induction Concrete.

Bacterial Concrete

Calcite

Calcite Induction Concrete

MATERIALS

Cement

Aggregates

Coarse Aggregate

Fine Aggregate

Water

Calcite

EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMME

Physical Properties of Materials

Concrete Mix

Concrete Mix Design

Casting of Specimens

Testing of Specimens

Physical Properties of Materials

OPC-43 Grade, Setting time, Soundness,

Cement

Compressive Strength

Aggregate

Modulus:6.8

Aggregate

Fineness Modulus:2.15

Calcite

Molecular weight:100.09, Assay:98.5%, Iron-0.02%,

Arsenic:0.004%,Chloride:0.03%, Sulphate:0.25%

Concrete Mixing

• It is used for small scale works.

Hand • Calcite & Cement is mixed

thoroughly to attain uniformity.

Mixing

• It Is useful for Reinforced & Experimental

Machine works.

• Calcite & Cement is mixed thoroughly to

Mixing attain uniformity.

Casting of Specimens

• 150x150x150mm Standard cube moulds.

• Vibrator is used for Compaction.

• Curing should be done after 24hours from the

time of casting.

• Curing of specimens should be continued till

28th day reached from the day of casting.

150x150x

150 mm

Mould

Testing of Specimens

• Non-destructive Testing Analysis

– Rebound (Schmidt’s) hammer test(RH)

– Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity test(USPV)

• Destructive Testing Analysis

– Compression Testing Machine(CTM)

Testing Equipments

Concrete Mix Designation

• Plain concrete (with out calcite)- PC

• Concrete with finite amount of calcite (Calcite

Induction Concrete) – CIC

– Concrete with 5% calcite – (CIC-5)

– Concrete with 10% calcite – (CIC-10)

– Concrete with 15% calcite – (CIC-15)

– Concrete with 20% calcite – (CIC-20)

concrete

Compressive Strength From Rebound Hammer Values

Curing Period(Days)

SL.No

CaCO3

(%) 3 7 14 21 28

Compressive Strength From USPV Values

No (%)

3 7 14 21 28

1 0 2.406 2.557 2.586 2.561 3.814

Final Compressive strength of Specimens at

28th day of curing

Compressive

SL. No Specimens

Strength (MPa)

1 PC(0%-CaCO3) 21.20

2 CIC-5(5%-CaCO3) 14.90

3 CIC-10(10%-CaCO3) 22.98

4 CIC-15(15%-CaCO3) 22.47

5 CIC-20(20%-CaCO3) 21.52

Graphical Representation of C.S v/s Age of concrete

by R.H test

30 30 10% of Calcite

0% Calcite 25

28

26 5% Calcite 25

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

Compressive Strength(MPa)

24

Compressive Strength(MPa)

20

22

20 20

18 15

16 15

14

12 10

10

10

8

6 5 5

4

2

0 0

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

0 5 10 15 20 25 30

0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Age of Concrete (Days) Age of Concrete(Days)

Age of Concrete(Days)

25 20% of Calcite

15% of Calcite

25

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

20

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0 0

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Age of Concrete(Days) Age of Concrete(Days)

OBSERVATIONS FROM GRAPHS(1)

increase in compressive strength of concrete.

• From the Table & Graphs it can be observed that

the maximum compressive strengths of cubes are

obtained with 10% replacement of

cement by calcite.

OBSERVATIONS FROM GRAPHS(2)

5% replacement. After increasing in compressive

strength of concrete by 10% replacement, the

compressive strength slightly decreased for 15%,

20% replacement of cement by calcite.

• The compressive strength of 10&15% replacement

is more than the compressive strength of plain

concrete.

Graphical Representation of C.S v/s Age of concrete

by USPV test

5 5.0

Ultra Sonic Pulse Velocity(UPSV) (km/sec)

4.5

4 0% Clacite 4.0 5% of Clacite

3.5

3 3.0

2.5

2 2.0

1.5

1 1.0

0.5

0 0.0

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Age of Concrete Age of Concrete(Days)

5 B

5 5.0

15% of calcite 4.5

Ultra Sonic Pulse velocuty(km/sec)

4 10 % of Calcite

4.0 20% 0f Calcite

Ultra Sonic Pulse Velocity(km/sec)

4

3.5

3 3 3.0

2.5

2 2 2.0

1.5

1 1 1.0

0.5

0 0.0

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Age of Concrete(Days) Age of Concrete (Days)

Age of Concrete(Days)

• USPVT values observed in Calcite induction

concrete are slightly better compared to plain

cement concrete which may suggest lesser

presence of voids in Calcite induction concrete.

From the Table and graphs.

• It can be observed that the velocity of Calcite

induction concrete is greater than the plain

cement concrete.

• Further, as known USPVT values increased with

time in both Calcite inductions concrete and

plain cement concrete as the hydration process

continues with decreasing the voids.

Compressive Strength of concrete V/s Replacement of calcite

with respect to period of time

7 Days of Curing 26.5

17.8 20.5

26.0 14 Days of Curing

17.6 3 Days of Curing 20.0

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

25.5

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

17.4

19.5 25.0

17.2

19.0 24.5

17.0

24.0

16.8

18.5

23.5

16.6 18.0

23.0

16.4

17.5 22.5

16.2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

% Replacement of Calcite

% Replacement of Calcite % Replacement of Calcite

29 28 Days of Curing

21 Days of Curing

30

28

29

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

Compressive Strength(Mpa)

27

26 28

25 27

24 26

23

25

22

24

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

% Replacement of Calcite % Replacement of Calcite

OBSERVATIONS FROM GRAPHS(1)

(C.S) of plain cement concrete(P.C) is greater

than the calcite induction concrete (C.I.C).

• At 7 days of curing the C.S of CIC-15% is greater

than all other mixes.

• At 28th day of curing the C.S by 10%,15%

replacements were shown better results than

other mixes.

4.5

35

4

30

3.5

Compressive strength(MPa)

25

3

USPV (Km/s)

20 2.5

15 2

10 1.5

1

5

0.5

0

0 5 10 15 20 25 0

0 5 10 15 20 25

%of calcite %of calcite

7th day USPV 28th day USPV

compressive strength (MPa)

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH

Compressive strength(MPa)

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

0 5 10 15 20 25 0

%of calcite PC CIC-5 CIC-10 CIC-15 CIC-20

Type of mix

Compressive strength

Compressive Strength

CONCLUSION

(5,10,15,20 percent) increases workability.

• The test results clearly indicated that, lesser number of

voids presented in Calcite induction concrete as compared

to Plain Concrete (ref USPV Table and graphs).

• The compressive strength of concrete with 10%, 15%, 20%

replacement is in the range of 21.2 N/mm2 to

21.52N/mm2, 22.477 N/mm2 at 28 days of curing.

• Maximum percentage of increase in compressive strength

is found to be at 10% replacement of cement by calcite.

• The compressive strength of all other percentages (Except

5% replacement) are greater than the compressive

strength of plain cement concrete.

REFERENCES

1. C.C.Gavimath.et.al., "Potential application of bacteria to improve

the strength of cement concrete" ISSN 0976-2612, Vol.3, Issue 1,

2012, pp 541-544.

2. Sookie S.Bang.et.al., "Calcite precipitation induced by

polyurethane-immobilized Bacillus pasteurii", 2000.

3. C. Manish kumar.et.al., "Studies on the mechanical behavior of

concrete by Bacterial mineral precipitation", 2011.

4. Hall.C ., "Water sorptivity of mortars and concretes", A review

magazine of concrete research, Vol.41, No.147, pp51-61, 1989.

5. De Muynck.et.al., "Improvement of concrete durability with the

aid of bacteria", Proceedings of the First international conference on

self healing materials 18-20April 2007,Noordwijk Aan Zee.

THANK YOU

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