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Programmable logic

 PLC development began in 1968 in response to a
request from an US car manufacturer (GE). The first
PLCs were installed in industry in 1969.
 Communications abilities began to appear in
approximately 1973. They could also be used in the
70’s to send and receive varying voltages to allow
them to enter the analog world.
 The 80’s saw an attempt to:
standardize communications with manufacturing
automation protocol (MAP), reduce the size of the
PLC, and making them software programmable
through symbolic programming on personal
computers instead of dedicated programming
terminals or handheld programmers.

 The 90’s have seen a gradual reduction in the
introduction of new protocols, and the
modernization of the physical layers of some
of the more popular protocols that survived
the 1980’s.
 The latest standard “IEC 1131-3” has tried to
merge plc programming languages under one
international standard. We now have PLCs
that are programmable in function block
diagrams, instruction lists, C and structured
text all at the same time.

 ABB, a Swiss multinational company have been providing a wide variety of
Power Line Carrier equipment for many years. Current equipment such as such
as ETL600.
 Alstom, a French multinational company
 AVG Automation, made EZLogix PLC HMIs and more
 Beckhoff Automation (TwinCAT), a German Automation Technology company
 Corinex, provides AnyWire connectivity
 Cybrotech, a UK company founded in 1987, specialized in small controllers for
industry, building management and home automation
 Devolo, a German company specializing in the development of communications
devices for private consumers and industrial applications
 Echelon, an American company which designs control networks
 Fatek Automation Corporation, founded in 1992 by a group of PLC R.D.
engineers, is a famous manufacturer and developer of programmable logic
controllers in Taiwan
 Festo, a German company specializing in pneumatic products
 General Electric, an American company

Different kinds of plc

 Gigle Networks, was a provider of system-on-a-chip semiconductor devices
 gridComm, a Singapore company that provides PLC solutions for smart street lighting
 Horner APG, American based PLC manufacturer
 IDEC Corporation, a Japan-based automation and control products manufacturer
 INSEVIS, a German PLC manufacturer, programmed by STEP7 and TIA Portal from Siemens
 Ilevo, Schneider Electric subsidiary
 Innotech, Australian producer of PLCs and HVAC controls
 Insteon, a home automation technology
 Keyence Corporation, a Japanese company that developed automation products
 Koyo Electronics Corporation Limited, a Japanese company that manufactured DirectLogic
PLC brand
 LSIS, a Korean company in the power distribution and automation industry, renamed from
LG Industrial Systems in 2005
 Marvell Technology Group, a producer of storage, communications and consumer
semiconductor products
 Maxim Integrated Products, an American, publicly traded company that designs,
manufactures, and sells analog and mixed-signal integrated circuits
 Mitsubishi, a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies

Different kinds of plc

 The PLC system is the major key in the technology and
industrial sector today. PLC or Programmable Logic
Controller is the system that makes machinery and
systems work automatically. It incorporates three basic
features of input, process, and output where everything
has to go along well and harmoniously. The input or data
should go along with the suitable operation or process in
order to produce the intended result or output. It’s a quite
complicated process to make all machineries become
automatic. This system is responsible for all the growth in
industry, manufacturing process, and even entertainment.
Without such system, Transportation, manufacturing to
amusement rides or movie making process can’t be done.
That’s why PLC system is very important and needed by all
kinds of industry.

 Flexibility: One single Programmable Logic Controller can easily run many
 Correcting Errors: In old days, with wired relay-type panels, any program
alterations required time for rewiring of panels and devices. With PLC control
any change in circuit design or sequence is as simple as retyping the logic.
Correcting errors in PLC is extremely short and cost effective.
 Space Efficient: Today's Programmable Logic Control memory is getting
bigger and bigger this means that we can generate more and more contacts,
coils, timers, sequencers, counters and so on. We can have thousands of
contact timers and counters in a single PLC. Imagine what it would be like to
have so many things in one panel.
 Low Cost: Prices of Programmable Logic Controlers vary from few hundreds to
few thousands. This is nothing compared to the prices of the contact and coils
and timers that you would pay to match the same things. Add to that the
installation cost, the shipping cost and so on.
 Testing: A Programmable Logic Control program can be tested and evaluated
in a lab. The program can be tested, validated and corrected saving very
valuable time.
 Visual observation: When running a PLC program a visual operation can be
seen on the screen. Hence troubleshooting a circuit is really quick, easy and

Advantage and disadvantage

Basic symbols
Basic symbols