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SEMINAR

ON
FUEL FROM PLASTIC WASTE

By
SOORAJ P R
LYANEME048

OBJECTIVE
• In this scenario my presentation aims to solve the
twin problem of environment pollution due to plastic
and the need for an alternative fuel source

• The main aim is to find a solution to the mountings
problem of plastic disposal , for which the plastics are
converted into valuable fuel

durability. efficiency. these plastic are employed in entire range of industrial and domestic areas . . • Coupled with a faster rate of production and design flexibility. INTRODUCTION • Plastics have become an indispensable part in today’s world due to their light-weight. energy.

• Plastic are non degradable polymers of mostly containing carbon. • Due to its non-biodegradable nature. hydrogen and few others elements such as chlorine . . nitrogen etc. the plastic waste contributes significantly to the problem of municipal waste management .

. • Produced by chemically modifying natural substances or are synthesized from inorganic and organic raw material. thermoplastics . PLASTIC • Plastics are natural / synthetic materials. plastics are usually divided into thermosetting plastic. • On the basis of their physical characteristics.

it is possible to convert waste plastic into fuels. .  Why Plastic!! • The main thing which makes plastic wastes valuable is longer carbon chains than those in LPG. and diesel fuels. petrol. which is what determines their differing thermal behaviour.• These groups differ primarily with regard to molecular structure . Therefore.

thermochemical conversion seems to be the dominant process. • Catalytic conversion. CONVERSION OF PLASTICS WASTE INTO LIQUID FUEL  METHODS & PROCESS AVALIABLE • Thermochemical conversion (Pyrolysis). • Hydrocracking.  Among this. .

Fig 1 Simple representation of TCT .THERMOCHEMICAL TREATMENT  Pyrolysis is a process of thermal degradation of plastics in the absence of oxygen.

• Between 185⁰c-290⁰c as diesel. • Between 350⁰c-538⁰c as vacuum gas oil & > 538⁰c as the residue .• Hydrocarbons between the boiling points 35⁰c-185⁰c can be used as motor gasoline.

PROCESS LAYOUT Fig 2 Process .

 FACTORS AFFECTING TCT • Type of plastic • Degradation temperature • Degradation time • Catalytic type • Particle size .

 FLOW CHART .

Fig: 3 Loading plastic .

Fig:4 passing of vapour .

Fig:5reaction of catalyst .

Fig:6 Collection of crude oil .

HYDROCRACKING • PROCESS OF CRACKING LARGER HYDROCARBONS SUCH AS POLYMERS INTO FUEL RANGE HYDROCARBONS IN PRESENCE OF HYDROGEN. • HYDROCRACKING MORE IMPORTANT WHEN PERFORMED WITH A CATALYST • MOST WIDELY USED CATALYST ARE ACIDIC SUPPORTING MATERIALS (ZEOLITES) .

• Improve fuel quality • Lower pyrolysis temperature • Fuel quality vary with strength of catalysts acidity . CATALYTIC CONVERSION • Process of adding catalyst to pyrolysis reaction in order to improve conversion.

where as hydrogen used for liquefaction . plastic mixtures and individual mixtures in presence of nitrogen and hydrogen at 500⁰c • Nitrogen used for pyrolysis. EXAMPLES OF PLASTIC TO FUEL PROCESSES NON-CATALYTIC PROCESS(Williams et al[18]) • Pyrolysis waste.

• Industrial and automobile fuel requirement shall be fulfilled to some extent at lower price. • Environmental pollution is controlled. . • Waste plastic is converted into high value fuels. ADVANTAGES • Problem of disposal of waste plastic is solved.

• No pollutants are created during cracking of plastics. • The industrial oil and the non-liquefied gas can be used for generation of electricity .

• The obtained Liquefied gas known as industrial oil • Non liquefied can be compressed and used as lpg gas . CONCLUSION • The production of thermo-fuel from waste plastics is one of the better methods to save the environment . • We get liquefied and non-liquefied gas as product of conversion of plastic to fuel.

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