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6 Strategic Human Resources
Management
6 Global Reality in the Workplace on
Gender
6 Workplace Statistics in the
Philippines
6 Framework on Gender-
Gender-Based HRM
6 Linking Gender with HRM Policies and
Practices
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Human Resource Organizational


Management Performance

Organizational
Culture
„




he past decades have seen an increasing number


of women in the workplaceu
In the 1960¶s, less than a third of the women
worked; today, more than 50 percent of
female adults worku
Perhaps, this has led to a change in gender rolesu
While there is more openness to women
joining the workforce, there is still gender inequality
in the workplaceu

      

 

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6 Glass-ceiling (barrier for women in
Glass-
important positions)
6 Glass--walls (limit women to certain
Glass
occupations)
6 Women¶s income are less than men¶s in
similar positions
6 Men tend to have higher-
higher-level jobs than
women even if literacy and educational
levels are the same across genders
„



6 !ased on Work Orientation
Survey
  here is less job satisfaction in women
than in men
  heir (women) work provides low
income, less opportunities for
advancement
  Work does not allow them to work
independently
Ô 

 
   

     
ð00ð 1u 6 M 1u M
Sup Positions Sup Positions
ð00 ðu16ð M 1u613 M
ð006 ðuð57 M 1u6ð9 M

91 percent of businesses in the Philippines


have women in senior management positions
 


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Jobs Women Men
Professionals 7u7 ðuð

echnicians/Associate Professional 3u6 ðuð

lerks 7u7 ðu7

Service Workers/Shop & Markets 1ðu5 7u6


sales workers
Laborers/Unskilled Workers 36u1 ð u 

ð  Data from DOLE


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6 1 out of 3 employed women, or 3ðu
 of total 1ðu M in ð006 reached
college
6 1 out of 5 men, or ððu5 of the total
ð0u156M employed reached college
6 In ð007, more employed women ± 1
out of 5 ± had completed college
compared to 1 out of 10 menu
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  
Needs Organization and
Leadership
6 Maslow¶s Hierarchy
6 Herzberg¶s ð-
ð-Factor 6 McGregor¶s X and Y
6 Mclelland¶s Needs 6 Argyris

Learned Behaviors Goals and


Expectancy
6 Skinner¶s Reinforcement
6 Lawler and Porter¶s 6 Locke¶s Goal
Reward and Satisfaction 6 Vrooms¶ Expectancy
6 Adam¶s Equity
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6 Need for Achievement (N Ach)
6 Need for Affiliation (N Aff)
6 Need for Power (N Pow)

Needs are learned


and can be taught
 „   %
heory X heory Y

6 People inherently 6 Work is a natural


dislike work and when phenomenon and if
possible will avoid it conditions are favorable
people will not only
accept responsibility but
will seek it
6 If people are committed
6 hey have little to organizational
ambition, tend to shun objectives, they will
responsibility and exercise self-direction
prefer to be directed and self-control
"'   
6 Individuals have
expectancies about the
consequences of their
behavior and that a
person will act in order to
achieve desired
outcomesu

6he higher a person¶s


expectations of receiving
a reward, the harder he
will work
„
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Goals enhance
an employee¶s
performance
  

  


 
 
 

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6 An individual who perceives


inequity in his compensation will
be dissatisfiedu Equity deals with
two levels,
  balance between outcome achieved
and input required, and
  balance in comparison with co-
workers

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 rk is cre t my existence as a wman
because I have tested myself. I tried
staying hme«parang smething was
missing«.I was always a wrking wife«s
fr me wrk is a vehicle fr fulfillment in
terms f talents and abilities cming ut.´

Participant in the 2004


rk Orientatin Survey
Cnducted by PMAP
O" 8+*" +"89

EMPLOYEE

REWARDS

PERFORMANE
FAORS ARE ME

HIGH JOB
SAISFAION HIGH PERFORMANE
„"*"$$ +½89O(+"
„"*"

EMPLOYEE

NEEDS OF MEN NEEDS OF WOMEN


UNIQUE LIFE SIUAIONS UNIQUE LIFE SIUAIONS

HIGH JOB SAISFAION

HIGH PERFORMANE


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6 Selection, Recruitment & Placement
  No discrimination based on gender
  Preferential hiring
  Gender
Gender--fair Placement Practices (break
the glass-
glass-ceilings & glass-
glass-walls)
6 ompensation & Rewards
  Pay for the Person
  Pay for the Position
  Pay for the Performance
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6 Employee Well-
Well-being
  Structures, programs and systems that are
gender--fair and gender specific
gender
6 Leaves
6 Flexible time
6 Home based work arrangement
6 Flexible benefits
6 ounseling Services
6 Performance Management & Coaching
  Meaningful and objective System
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HANK YOU!