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J1/2(x), J-1/2(x) and generating function of

J n(x)
By VENKATESWARA REDDY

REG NO 03 Dept : chemical Engg/M.Tech


2 * Sin x
1) J1/2(x) =√
πx
Put n=1/2 in Jn(x)
∞ (-1)r( x ) 2r+1/2
J1/2(x)= Ʃ 2
1
n=0 rǃ Γ (r+2 +1)

= ( x
2
)1/2 - ( 2x ) 5/2 +( x
2
) 9/2
1 1ǃ Γ (5/2) 2ǃ Γ (1/2)
=

𝑥 2 𝑥 4
1
= − 2
+ 2

1
(2 ) !Γ 1
2
1! Γ
31 1
22 2
2! Γ
53 1 1
22 2 2

= * sinx i.e. (sinx) =


2) J-1/2(x) = √ 2 * Cos x
πx

Put n=-1/2 in Jn(x)


−1
+2𝑟 𝑛+2𝑟
−1 𝑟 𝑥 2 −1 𝑟 𝑥
= 𝐽−1 𝑥 = σ∞
𝑟=0
2
1 𝐽 𝑛 𝑥 = σ∞
𝑟=0
2
2 r!Γ (𝑟−2+1) r!Γ(𝑛+𝑟+1)

( )-1/2 - ( x ) 3/2 +( ) 5/2


=
x x
2 2 2
Γ(1/2) 1ǃ Γ (3/2) 2ǃ Γ (5/2)
−1 𝑥 2 𝑥 4
𝑥 1
=
2 2 2
− + …
2 Γ 1
2
1ǃΓ
1 1
2 2
2ǃ Γ
31 1
22 2
=

* Cos x
= i.e. Cos x =

Generating function of J n(x)



To prove ex/2(t-1/t) = Ʃ n=-∞tn J n(x)

ext/2, e-x/2t ={1+(xt/2)+(xt/2)2+… (xt/2)n + (xt/2)nt


1ǃ 2ǃ nǃ (n+1)ǃ
+….]
{1-(x/2t)+(x/2t) 2-…(-1)n(x/2t)n+(-1)n+1 (x/2t) n+1 …}
1ǃ 2ǃ nǃ (n+1)ǃ

Collect coefficient of tn

(x/2)n+(x/2)n+2+… (x/2)n+4-…….
nǃ (n+1)ǃ1ǃ (n+2)ǃ2ǃ

𝑛+2𝑟
−1 𝑟 𝑥
𝐽𝑛 𝑥 = σ ∞
2
𝑟=0 r!Γ(𝑛+𝑟+1)
Similarly coefficient of t-n=J-n(x) as all integral powers of t
,both +ve &-ve occur.
𝑥 1
We have 𝑒
𝑡− 𝑡
2 = σ∞
𝑛=−∞ 𝐽𝑛 𝑥 𝑡𝑛
This show that Bessel’s function of various orders
can be derived as coefficient of different powers of t
in the expansion. For this reason, it is noted as
generating function of Bessel’s function.