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Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
OptiX RTN 900
V100R002 Product
Description
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 1
About This Document
The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation split
microwave transmission system developed by
Huawei. Ìt can provide a solution that is integrated
with the TDM microwave, Hybrid microwave, and
Packet microwave based on the network
requirements. RTN 900 V1R1 support pure packet
microwave, and RTN 900 V1R2 support TDM
microwave and Hybrid microwave.
This course introduces the evolution process of
microwave products and the packet microwave
features, functions, hardware features, and version
matching of the RTN 900 V1R2. Through this course,
you can have a general understanding about the RTN
900 V1R2.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 2
ReIated Information
OptiX RTN 900 V100R002 Product
Manual ÷ Product Description
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 3
Objectives
After learning this course, you should be familiar with:
volution of microwave products
Microwave features of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Functions of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Hardware features of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Version matching of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 4
Contents
1. Development of the ÌP RAN and volution of
Microwave Transmission
2. Features of Packet Microwave
3. Features and Functions
4. Hardware
5. Version Matching
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 5
Advent of the IP Age
2G -> 3G -> 3G+ ->LT, the backhaul of mobile base stations evolves from TDM to ÌP.
Microwave transport networks evolve from the traditional TDM microwave network to the packet
microwave network.
BSC RNC
eNodeB eNodeB eNodeB
aGW
X2 X2
NodeB NodeB NodeB BTS BTS BTS
M
o
b
i
I
e

B
a
c
k
h
a
u
I
TDM/ATM TDM/ATM/Eth. ALL IP
2000 1X
DL:153.6k
UL:153.6k
EV-DO(R0)
DL:2.4M
UL:153.6k
EV-DO(RA)
DL:3.1M
UL:1.8M
EV-DO(RB)
DL:6.2-73.5M
UL:3.6-27M
LTE
DL:100M
UL:50M
2 Gbit/s
R99/R4
DL:384k
UL:384k
HSDPA(R5)
DL:14.4M
UL:384k
HSUPA(R6)
DL:14.4M
UL:5.76M
HSPA+(R7)
DL:43M
UL:11.5M
LTE(R8)
DL:100M
UL:50M
M
o
b
i
I
e

E
v
o
I
u
t
i
o
n
CDMA2000
WCDMA
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 6
Packet in air
IDU
ReaI-time ReaI-time
ReaI-time
ReaI-time
ReaI-time
TDM
based
TDM
IDU
Packet
based
TDM
ETH
TDM in air
Three Microwave Forms
Hybrid in air
ETH
IDU
ReaI-time
ReaI-time
TDM TDM
Packet
ETH
Native
OS
Native
Native
PW
TDM Microwave:
PDH microwave is used for access; SDH microwave is used for convergence.
thernet services are transmitted in the space through the OS technology.
Ìt supports the fixed modulation scheme from QPSK to 128QAM, and features
small capacity.
Ìt is used in 2G and early stages of 3G networks.
Hybrid Microwave:
Native TDM + Native thernet
Ìt supports the modulation scheme from QPSK to 256QAM and the AM function,
and features high bandwidth.
Ìt is used in scenarios where TDM and ÌP networks coexist at the initial stage of the
transition from 2G networks to 3G networks. At this stage, voice services are
primary and data services are secondary among mobile services. Adding the packet
switching capability to the original TDM microwave equipment is undoubtedly the
preferred solution at the transition stage of the mobile transport network evolution. Ìn
this way, investment in original equipment can be protected and existing voice
services can be transported.
Packet Radio:
Ìt is pure packet microwave.
Ìt supports the modulation scheme from QPSK to 256QAM and the AM function,
and features high bandwidth.
Ìt is used at the All-ÌP stage of 3G networks. The pure packet microwave is the
best choice for a carrier who needs to build a new mobile ÌP transport network.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 7
EvoIution of Microwave Transmission Network
When microwave transport networks evolve towards packet transport networks inevitably, it is
a most cost-effective solution for carriers to evolve microwave transport networks from
traditional TDM microwave networks to hybrid microwave networks, and then to pure packet
microwave networks. This solution combines strengths such as protecting investment in
existing networks, flexible upgrade, and compatibility. Ìf carriers need to build new mobile ÌP
transport networks, the best choice is to use advanced pure packet microwave equipment to
transport future All ÌP services.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 8
Huawei's Microwave SoIutions Huawei's Microwave SoIutions
TDM/MSTP microwave TDM/MSTP microwave
RTN 620 RTN 620
RTN 605 RTN 605
Pure Packet microwave Pure Packet microwave
Hybrid microwave Hybrid microwave
Networklized
High Efficiency
Future-oriented
RTN 910/950 RTN 910/950
R1 R3
R1/R2
R3
R1
R3
R2
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 9
Contents
1. DeveIopment of IP RAN and EvoIution of
Microwave Transmission
2. Features of Packet Microwave
3. Features and Functions
4. Hardware
5. Version Matching
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 10
Radio Link Forms
The OptiX RTN 900 V1R2 provides the radio links of different forms by flexibly configuring
different ÌF boards and ODUs to meet the requirements of different microwave application
scenarios. Different radio link forms of OptiX RTN 900 V1R2 support different types of
microwaves. The radio link form of the TDM microwave supports the PDH microwave and the
SDH microwave. The radio link form of the Hybrid microwave support the Hybrid microwave.
1. The PDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits only the PDH services
(mainly, the 1 services). During the transmission, the PDH microwave does not change
the features of the PDH services.
2. The SDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits SDH services. During the
transmission, the SDH microwave does not change the features of the SDH services.
3. The Hybrid microwave refers to the microwave that transmits native 1 services and
native thernet services in hybrid mode. The Hybrid microwave supports the AM function.
During the transmission, the Hybrid microwave does not change the features of the 1
services and thernet services.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 11
TDM Microwave
The PDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits only the PDH services (mainly, the 1
services). During the transmission, the PDH microwave does not change the features of the PDH
services. Unlike the conventional PDH microwave equipment, the RTN 900 V1R2 has a built-in
MADM. The MADM grooms the 1 services to the microwave port for further transmission. Thus,
the services can be groomed flexibly and seamless convergence between the optical network and
the microwave network is achieved.
The SDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits SDH services. During the transmission,
the SDH microwave does not change the features of the SDH services.
Unlike the conventional SDH microwave equipment, the RTN 900 V1R2 has a built-in MADM. The
MADM grooms services to the microwave port through cross-connections, maps the services into
the STM-1-based microwave frames, and then transmits the STM-1-based microwave frames. Thus,
the services can be groomed flexibly and seamless convergence between the optical network and
the microwave network is achieved.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 12
The Capacity of TDM Microwave
ChanneI Spacing (MHz) ModuIation Mode
Service Capacity (Mbit/s)
7 QPSK 4x1
3.5 16QAM 4x1
14 (13.75) QPSK 8x1
7 16QAM 8x1
28 (27.5) QPSK 16x1
14 (13.75) 16QAM 16x1
14 (13.75) 32QAM 22x1
14 (13.75) 64QAM 26x1
28 (27.5) 16QAM 35x1
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 13
The Capacity of TDM Microwave (Cont.)
ChanneI Spacing (MHz) ModuIation Mode
Service Capacity (Mbit/s)
28 (27.5) 32QAM 44x1
28 (27.5) 64QAM 53x1
28 (27.5) 128QAM 1xSTM-1
28 (27.5) QPSK 1x3
14 (13.75) 16QAM 1x3
Ìf the radio link form is the SDH/PDH microwave, the maximum capacity of each
channel of microwave is STM-1.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 14
Hybrid Microwave
The Hybrid microwave refers to the microwave that transmits native 1 services and native
thernet services in hybrid mode. The Hybrid microwave supports the AM function. During the
transmission, the Hybrid microwave does not change the features of the 1 services and
thernet services.
The RTN 900 V1R2 has a built-in MADM and a packet processing platform. The MADM
transmits 1 services that are accessed locally or extracted from the SDH to the microwave port.
After processing the accessed thernet services in the unified manner, the packet processing
platform transmits the thernet services to the microwave port. The microwave port maps the 1
services and the thernet services into Hybrid microwave frames and then transmits the Hybrid
microwave frames.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 15
Service Transmission Mode
The Hybrid microwave defines different types of Hybrid microwave frames for different working
modes. The accessed 1 services and thernet services are multiplexed into the same Hybrid
microwave frame, and then transmitted to the ODU through the ÌF interface after ÌF coding and
modulation. The 1 services and the thernet services are transmitted to the remote end through the
microwave after the up-conversion.
The features of the Hybrid microwave frame are as follows:
The frames with a fixed period are used for transmission.
Ìn the specific modulation mode or channel spacing, the length of Hybrid microwave frames
remains unchanged.
The 1 services in Hybrid microwave frames occupy a fixed bandwidth (when N 1 services are
transmitted, the bandwidth of N 1 services is occupied). Thus, the Hybrid microwave does not
change the features of the 1 services during transmission.
ð Ìn Hybrid microwave frames, the thernet services occupy the remaining bandwidth of the 1
services. The encapsulation adaptation processing of the thernet frames is performed, so the
Hybrid microwave does not change the features of the thernet services during transmission.
The hybrid transmission of native 1 services and native thernet services in the Hybrid
microwave is supported.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 16
Capacity of the Hybrid Microwave Service
ChanneI
Spacing (MHz)
ModuIation
Mode
Service Capacity
(Mbit/s)
Maximum
Number of E1s
in Services
Port Throughput
(Mbit/s)
7 QPSK 10 5 9~11
7 16QAM 20 10 19~23
7 32QAM 25 12 24~29
7 64QAM 32 15 31~37
7 128QAM 38 18 39~44
7 256QAM 44 21 43~51
14 (13.75) QPSK 20 10 20~23
14 (13.75) 16QAM 42 20 41~48
14 (13.75) 32QAM 51 24 50~59
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 17
Capacity of the Hybrid Microwave Service
(Cont.)
ChanneI Spacing
(MHz)
ModuIation
Mode
Service Capacity
(Mbit/s)
Maximum
Number of E1s
in Services
Port Throughput
(Mbit/s)
14 (13.75) 64QAM 66 31 65~76
14 (13.75) 128QAM 78 37 77~90
14 (13.75) 256QAM 90 43 90~104
28 (27.5) QPSK 42 20 41~48
28 (27.5) 16QAM 84 40 84~97
28 (27.5) 32QAM 105 50 108~125
28 (27.5) 64QAM 133 64 130~150
28 (27.5) 128QAM 158 75 160~180
28 (27.5) 256QAM 183 75 180~210
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 18
Capacity of the Hybrid Microwave Service
(Cont.)
ChanneI Spacing
(MHz)
ModuIatio
n Mode
Service Capacity
(Mbit/s)
Maximum
Number of E1s in
Services
Port Throughput
(Mbit/s)
56 (55) QPSK 84 40 84~97
56 (55) 16QAM 168 75 170~190
56 (55) 32QAM 208 75 210~240
56 (55) 64QAM 265 75 260~310
56 (55) 128QAM 313 75 310~360
56 (55) 256QAM 363 75 360~420
Ìf the radio link form is the Hybrid microwave, the maximum capacity of each channel of
microwave is 363 Mbit/s when the high power ODU is used or 183 Mbit/s when the standard
power ODU is used. Ìf the XPÌC technology is used, the service capacity of the microwave
channel can be doubled with same the spectrum bandwidth.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 19
ModuIation Modes
The TDM microwave only supports fixed modulation. The Hybrid microwave supports fixed
modulation and adaptive modulation (AM).
The fixed modulation refers to a modulation scheme wherein a modulation scheme is
adopted invariably when the radio link is running. When the fixed modulation is adopted, the
modulation scheme can be configured through software. A modulation scheme can range
from QPSK to 256QAM.
The AM is a technology through which the modulation scheme can be adjusted
automatically according to the channel quality. When the AM is adopted, the lowest
modulation mode (also called reference mode) and highest modulation scheme (also called
nominal mode) can be configured through software.
Capacity
Time
99.999%
Voice
Adaptive ModuIation
Outage: 5.25min
99.998%
99.995%
99.99%
99.95%
256QAM
128QAM
64QAM
64QAM
128QAM
256QAM
32QAM 99.9%
Outage: 10.51min
Outage: 26.28min
Outage: 52.56min
Outage: 262.80min
Outage: 525.60min
QPSK
16QAM
Packet radio
GSM
HSPA
Time
Capacity
99.999%
Fixed ModuIation
Fixed Bandwidth
TDM radio
QPSK
Outage: 5.25min
GSM
HSPA
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 20
AM TechnoIogy
Through the AM technology, the Hybrid microwave uses a high-efficiency modulation scheme when
the channel is of better quality. Hence, more user services can be transmitted and thus the
transmission efficiency and spectrum utilization are improved. When the quality of the channel is
degraded, the Hybrid microwave uses the low-efficiency modulation scheme, in which only the
services of a high priority are transmitted. Hence, the anti-interference capability of links is
enhanced and availability of the links on which the high-priority services are transmitted is ensured.
1 services are of the highest priority in the AM-based Hybrid microwave transmission. thernet
services are classified into flows of different priorities based on the CoS technology. When the
Hybrid microwave uses the lowest-efficiency modulation scheme, the equipment transmits 1
services only (if the service bandwidth is higher than the total bandwidth of the 1 services, the
thernet services of a high priority can be transmitted). When the Hybrid microwave uses other
modulation schemes, the increased bandwidth can be used to transmit thernet services. Ìn this
case, availability of the links on which the 1 services and thernet services of a high priority are
transmitted can be ensured and the capacity for transmitting thernet services increases.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 21
AM ImpIementation
Before
switching
When the SNR value received at the receive end is
lower than the threshold, the receive end transmits
quality degradation indication signals to the AM engine.
The AM engine at the receive end places switching
indication signals to the overheads of a Hybrid
microwave frame. The switching indication signals are
transmitted to the local end through the transmit path.
The ÌF unit at the transmit end processes ÌF signals,
and transmits the switching indication signals of the
AM to the AM engine.
The AM engine transmits the switching indication
signals to the service signal processing unit and the ÌF
signal modulation unit, indicating that the service signal
processing unit and the ÌF signal modulation unit
complete the switching of service frames and the
change of modulation schemes after frame N.
After the modulation scheme changes,
the bandwidth of 1 services does not
change. The thernet services with
higher priorities are multiplexed into
microwave frames based on the QoS.
Thus, the remaining bandwidth of the
microwave frames is used to transmit the
thernet services with lower priorities.
Due to the switching to the low
modulation scheme, the bandwidth of the
thernet services that are multiplexed
into the multiplex unit becomes low, and
the bandwidth of the Hybrid microwave
frames also becomes low.
After
switching
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 22
AM Features
Detected
SNR
decrease
d
Prepare to
Switch to
32QAM
Detected
SNR
Increased
64QAM
32QAM Massage
32QAM 64QAM Message
Prepare to
Switch to
64QAM
The AM technology can use the QPSK, 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, and 256QAM modulation schemes.
The lowest modulation scheme (also called reference mode) and highest modulation scheme (also called
nominal mode) can be configured.
When the modulation schemes of the AM are switched, the transmit frequency, receive frequency, and channel
spacing do not change.
When the AM modulation scheme is switched, the step by step mode is adopted.
When the AM switches the modulation scheme, the services with a low priority are discarded but no bit errors or
slips occur in the services with a high priority. The speed of switching the modulation scheme meets the
requirement for no bit error in the case of 100 dB/s fast fading.
ModuIation Bandwidth Capacity
32QAM 28MHz 100 M
64QAM 28MHz 150 M
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 23
Hybrid Microwave AppIication
Internet
NodeB
AII priority
AII priority
256QAM@28MHz: 200M 128QAM@28 MHz: 180M
256QAM@14 MHz: 100M
256QAM@14 MHz: 100M
Low Priority
NodeB
NodeB
NodeB
User 1
User 2
User n
VoIP
Video
MobiIe
User 3
The Hybrid microwave ensures the service reliability and optimizes the service capacity
through the hybrid transmission of 1 services and thernet services, AM, and thernet
QoS control.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 24
RTN 900V1R2 Microwave Iink
Radio Link Form TDM radio Iink Hybrid radio Iink
Hybrid radio Iink that
supports the XPIC
Type of the System
Control, Cross-
Connect, and Timing
Board
CST/CSH CSH CSH
Type of the ÌF Board ÌF1 ÌFU2 ÌFX2
Modulation Mode
QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64Q
AM/128QAM
QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64
QAM/128QAM/256QAM
QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/6
4QAM/128QAM/256QAM
Channel Spacing
3.5MHz/7MHz/14MHz/28M
Hz
37MHz/14MHz/28MHz/56
MHz
28MHz/56MHz
AM Function No support support support
Protection function 1+1 HSB/FD/SD, N+1 1+1HSB/FD/SD, N+1
XPÌC, 1+1 HSB/FD/SD,
N+1
thernet supported or
not
No support support support
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 25
Contents
1. DeveIopment of IP RAN and EvoIution of
Microwave Transmission
2. Features of Packet Microwave
3. Features and Functions
4. Hardware
5. Version Matching
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 26
VaIue of the OptiX RTN 900 (I) VaIue of the OptiX RTN 900 (I)
Product
Package
OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Features
The OptiX RTN 900 V100R002 is a new-generation hybrid/TDM MW
transmission product deveIoped by Huawei on the basis of the universaI
pIatform that integrates TDM, Hybrid, and Packet. This product supports
features such as AM, synchronous Ethernet, Ethernet ring, and air interface
LAG. Huawei is the onIy suppIier that provides the MW transmission
product integrating TDM, Hybrid, and Packet in the industry.
Smooth evoIution: The universaI pIatform supports the smooth evoIution of
TDM -> Hybrid -> Pure Packet.
Hybrid ring protection: Hybrid ring protection is impIemented by jointIy
using the E1 SNCP and Ethernet ring protection switching (ERPS). The E1
SNCP and ERPS are independent of each other.
XPIC: When the XPIC and CCDP technoIogies are used, the transmitter
transmits two eIectromagnetic waves whose poIarization directions are
orthogonaI to each other to the receiver over the same channeI. The
receiver recovers the originaI two channeIs of signaIs after eIiminating the
interference between the two eIectromagnetic waves through the XPIC
technoIogy. In this manner, the transmission capacity is doubIed.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 27
VaIue of the OptiX RTN 900 (II) VaIue of the OptiX RTN 900 (II)
Product
Package
OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Features
. Eight QoS IeveIs: Each Ethernet port supports eight IeveIs of priority queue
scheduIing, that is, eight standard PHBs: BE, AF1, AF2, AF3, AF4, EF, CS6,
and CS7.
ModuIation scheme: QPSK-256QAM (7 MHz to 56 MHz). It supports two
moduIation modes: fixed moduIation and adaptive moduIation (AM). AM
dynamicaIIy works with QoS to ensure fine service quaIity.
Synchronous Ethernet: compIiant with ITU-T G.8261, 8262, and 8264. The
Iocked state is accurate to be smaIIer than 50 ppb, which meets the
requirement.
Dynamic or static MW routing configuration of E2E OAM&P and E2E
enhances the fIexibiIity of MW networks and reduces the cost for maintenance.
Network-IeveI protection schemes such as ERPS and MSTP are supported.
The OptiX RTN 910 is buiIt in with a packet processing pIatform with an
exchange capacity of 4.2 Gbit/s.
The OptiX RTN 950 is buiIt in with a packet processing pIatform with an
exchange capacity of 10 Gbit/s.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 28
Main Features of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002 Main Features of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002
Integrated PIatform for TDM, Hybrid, and Packet Networks
Data CapabiIity
· QoS queues of
eight priorities
· -LÌN
· -LAN
· Multi-protection
function:
(LAG/MSTP/RPS)
· thernet Clock
Synchronization
· th OAM
· 802.3ah
· 802.1ag
· Same ODU in all
scenarios (QPSK ->
256QAM integration)
· Microwave type
(TDM microwave,
Hybrid microwave)
· AM function
· XPÌC
· 1+1, N+1
Service CapabiIity RF CapabiIity
O&M
Protection
Overview of Main Features Overview of Main Features
· LMSP, SNCP
· RPS, LAG,
MSTP
· Power supply
1+1 hot backup
· Control,
switching, and
clock board 1+1
hot backup
· Large capacity:
1561, 1.6G
· Multi-service
access capability
(1/F/G/STM-1)
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 29
System Capacity
Maximum Service Capacity Description
TDM service
capacity over air
interface
1xSTM1 IF1 board
Hybrid service
capacity over air
interface
363 Mbit/s High power ODU
183 Mbit/s Standard power ODU
Cross-connect
capacity
FuII time-division cross-connections at
the VC-12, VC-3, or VC-4 IeveI, which
are equivaIent to 32x32 VC-4s
OptiX RTN 950
FuII time-division cross-connections at
the VC-12, VC-3, or VC-4 IeveI, which
are equivaIent to 8x8 VC-4s
OptiX RTN 910
Switching
capacity
10 Gbit/s OptiX RTN 950
4.2 Gbit/s OptiX RTN 910
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 30
Ethernet Access Capacity
Equipment OptiX RTN 910 OptiX RTN 950
Switching capacity 4.2 Gbit/s 10 G bit/s
Service type ELINE, ELAN ELINE, ELAN
Number of services 1024 1024
Number of VLAN tags 4094 4094
Number of traffic
cIassifications
1024 1024
Packet Iength 1518-9600 1518-9600
Size of MAC address tabIe 16KB 16KB
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 31
QoS SoIution
UNI:
Ìdentification by user
Ìdentification by service
Per user-service QOS assurance
NodeB 1
Internet
VoIP
Video
Voice
P
OptiX
RTN 900
P
P P
OptiX
RTN 900
Core
End to end QoS depIoyment
Type-based hierarchical service assurance: fine scheduling of multiple services per BS/user/user
group to ensure the QoS
Maximizing business values: fine bandwidth control to make full use of network resources,
containing more users
Network side: control over the DS-T (a rigid channel similar to the SDH VC) based on planning
NodeB
NodeB
BTS
NodeB
NodeB
NodeB 2
NodeB 3
NodeB n
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 32
VLAN Nesting (QinQ)
The existing 4K CVLAN tags are insufficient for service planning.
VLAN ÌDs are conflicted between convergence services and between
the services traversing a third-party network.
The transmission department of the carrier is separate from the
wireless department, and it is difficult for the transmission department
to work with the wireless department for VLAN planning.
Background
Microwave/Optical ring
RNC
CVLAN=1
CVLAN=2
CVLAN=3
CVLAN=1
CVLAN=2
CVLAN=5
SVLAN=1
SVLAN=2
VaIues and HighIights
2
VLAN resources are
extended for the carrier.
1
The network configuration
and maintenance are
simplified.
3
Packets on the customer's
network are protected.
4
The VLAN customization
capability for the carrier is
provided.
1. VLAN conflicts are avoided on the
NodeB side.
2. The transmission department can
complete VLAN planning independently.
3. The service configuration workload is
reduced.
AppIication Scenario
Scenario requirement:
(1) CVLAN conflicts on the
BS side should be avoided.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 33
Synchronous Ethernet
Scenario requirement
(1) The packet network transmits backhual
2G/3G wireless services.
(2) Clock frequency synchronization is provided
for 2G/3G wireless services.
AppIication Scenario 2
Acceptable cost
because no
additional
configuration is
required
High
synchronization
precision
Free from the
impacts of the
network load
Scenario description
(1) Ìn the case of 3G services, only clock synchronization is
required for technologies such as WCDMA.
(2) Ìn this case, the synchronous thernet technology can be
adopted to transmit clock information. The difference between
the synchronous thernet technology and the ACR mode is
that the clock information is stored at the physical layer in the
synchronous thernet technology but is stored in services in
ACR mode.
NodeB
BSC/RNC
PSN network
Synchronization of the
entire wireless network
BÌTS T1/1
cSTM-
1
F
NodeB
F
G
1
BT
S
The gateway
equipment adopts
the BÌTS clock as
the primary clock
reference source.
Clock information is transmitted to the
streams at the thernet physical layer
at one end of an thernet link and is
extracted at the other end of the
thernet link. Then the clock
information is transmitted level by level.
0 1 2
Time
0 1 2
Time
0 1 2
Time
0 1 2
Time
0 1 2
Time
VaIues and
HighIights
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 34
E-Line Service
The -Line service is a point-to-point service form on the topology. The equipment transmits the packets
or VLAN packets on a specified port on the user side to a port on the user side or network side or to the
QinQ link on the network side, thus implementing point-to-point transparent transmission of user data.
According to transmission modes, -Line services are classified into the following types:
(1) UNÌ-UNÌ thernet service
(2) UNÌ-NNÌ thernet service carried on a port
(3) UNÌ-NNÌ thernet service carried on a QinQ link
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 35
E-LAN Service
The -LAN service is a multipoint-to-multipoint service form on the topology. The equipment forwards packets or
VLAN packets on a specified port from the user side to multiple ports or to a PW or QinQ link on the network
side, thus implementing multipoint-to-multipoint transparent transmission of user data.
On the network side, the thernet services can be transmitted on a port or QinQ link.
The QinQ link bearer means that an S-VLAN tag of the transport network is added to packets with the C-VLAN
tag on the network of the user side, and thus the packets are labeled with two VLAN tags when traversing the
transport network.
This provides a simple L2VPN tunnel for users. With regard to the services carried on a QinQ link, the QoS can
be ensured by configuring the QinQ policy.
E-LAN1 (region 1)
E-LAN2 (region 2)
BTS/NodeB MAC4
F: No VLAN
BTS/NodeB MAC3
BTS/NodeB MAC2
BTS/NodeB MAC1
F: VLAN2
F: VLAN1
F: VLAN1
BSC/RNC MAC4
BSC/RNC MAC5
Add VLAN2
MAC1
MAC2
MAC1/2
MAC1/2
MAC3/4
MAC1/2/3/4
VLAN
1
VLAN
2
MAC3
MAC4
MAC3/4
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 36
X
Broadcasting
packet
Broadcast
storm
happen
Shut down one port,
ring broken,
broadcast storm stop.
X
Normally, to
avoid thernet
ring, this link is
logically shut
down
X
One link has
physical faults
The link which shut
down logically is
reactived, Ring
protection happen
MSTP
The Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) is adopted for network loops. MSTP adopts an
algorithm to prune a looped network to a tree network without loops, thus preventing the increase
and infinite loop of packets on the looped network.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 37
ERPS
Spectrum resources in microwave networking
are saved.
thernet services on the entire network are
protected.
High switching performance is supported. The
ring switching time is 200 ms.
Compared with 1+1 protection, less equipment
is used in ring network protection, thus
minimizing networking investments.
Microwav
e ring
Ring
protection link
Service
channel
Any link is
faulty.
Service
channel after
switching
Service
channel after
switching
The link fault
is rectified.
The service channel
is recovered to the
status before
switching.
X
Activate a protection
link and perform ring
protection switching
thernet ring protection switching (RPS) is applicable to ring physical networks. The RPS protects the -LAN
services between various nodes on the ring. After a ring network adopts thernet ring protection, normally, the
owner node blocks the port on one side on the ring to transmit services on the port of the other side, thus
preventing service loops. When a link or an N on the ring is faulty, the owner node unblocks its upstream port to
transmit services on the faulty link or N, thus implementing ring network protection.
VaIues of the ERPS
The RPL owner
prevents
services from
entering the RPL.
1. Select the shortest path from the service
channels between microwave stations on the
ring.
2. Specify a ring protection link that projects any
microwave link on the ring.
3. Any faulty microwave link on the ring can
activate the ring protection link.
4. A link fault on the ring can be rectified
through automatic or manual switching.
Scenario Description
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 38
0 Mbit/s
microwave Iink 1
150 Mbit/s
microwave Iink 2
150 Mbit/s
microwave Iink 3
LAG (IEEE 802.3ad)
How to transmit 300
Mbit/s services on a
200 Mbit/s air interface?
100 Mbit/s microwave Iink 1
100 Mbit/s microwave Iink 2
100 Mbit/s microwave Iink 3
X
Multiple microwave
links form a larger
logical pipe.
Main functions:
1. Ìncreasing the link capacity
2. Ìmproving link availability
Microwave/Opti
cal ring
LAG
RNC
One or more thernet links are
aggregated to form an link
aggregation (LAG) so that the MAC
customer regards the LAG as one link.
Load sharing
by the LAG
Port
protection
by the LAG
VaIues and HighIights
2
Links on the user side/air interface side are
protected.
Multiple microwave links are aggregated to form
one logical link, thus increasing the bandwidth
of the logical link.
1
Scenario requirement:
Multiple links exist between two stations.
Scenario description
(1) When the traffic of one service exceeds the
transmission bandwidth of one physical link, the
service can be transmitted on multiple links
through traffic sharing.
(2) Links work in mutual protection mode.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 39
Transmission capacity supported by one
frequency point: 2x400 Mbit/s
Large-capacity Ethernet transmission
The XPÌC technology supports a single frequency point to transmit two-channel
signals, thus doubIing the usage of spectrum resources. Up to 800 Mbit/s
thernet throughput per carrier frequency is implemented.
The large-capacity transmission requirement of data services is met.
400
56 MHz
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400
400
400
One frequency point can transmit
two-channeI signaIs.
XPIC TechnoIogy-Up to 800 Mbit/s Air-
Interface Capacity
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 40
AM AM--Increasing the Bandwidth by Four Times Increasing the Bandwidth by Four Times
EOS Packet
Band 7G 7G
Distance 30.6 km 30.6 km
Bandwidth 28 Mbit/s 28 Mbit/s
Modulation
scheme
QPSK 128QAM
Transmission
capacity
40 Mbit/s 200 Mbit/s
Ìmportant feature of the packet microwave: The modulation scheme can be automatically changed
according to the transmission conditions of the air interface, thus ensuring high-level service
transmission.
Ìncreasing the bandwidth by four times on sunny days: Under the same conditions, the OptiX RTN
equipment can support the 200 Mbit/s capacity but the OS of the TMD can support only the 40
Mbit/s capacity.
ight QoS levels on rainy days: The monitoring mechanism ensures the fine and hierarchical
service transmission.
EncapsuIation
AM
EIement
in Network
PIanning
Voice
Data
Voice
Data
Voice
Data
ReaI-time service
Non-reaI-time service
256QAM
128QAM
64QAM
16QAM
32QAM
QPSK
ModuIation
scheme
99.999%
99.9%
99.99%
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 41
Ethernet OAM
Background
ÌP-based networks cater for the development trend.
Different from SDH services, thernet services do
not have the operation, management, or
maintenance capabilities.
There are no methods or tools to rapidly and easily
locate service link faults.
There are requirements for detecting the faults and
performance of point-to-point thernet physical
links between two pieces of directly connected
equipment in the last mile.
A
D
Core
Access Access
ME
ME
B C
Ì 802.1ag
802.3ah 802.3ah
Scenario description
(1) CC: Link status and one-way
connectivity are detected in real time.
(2) LB: Single-end location or detection is
performed, and two-way connectivity is
detected.
(3) LT: Faults are located on site.
(4) 802.3ah: The performance of the
physical link in the last mile is
monitored and faults are located.
RNC
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 42
CIock Feature
Supporting the trace mode, hold-over mode, and free-run mode, which complies
with the ÌTU-T G.813 standard
Supporting the line clock source, tributary clock source, microwave clock source,
synchronous thernet clock source, and external clock signals
Supporting the SSM protocol and the extended SSM protocol. SSM information
can be transmitted with the synchronous thernet and external clock signals
through the SDH line and microwave.
Supporting re-timing of tributaries
Supporting the synchronous thernet function
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 43
License Strategy for the OptiX RTN 900
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 44
Contents
1. DeveIopment of IP RAN and EvoIution of
Microwave Transmission
2. Features of Packet Microwave
3. Features and functions
4. Hardware
5. Version matching
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 45
Hardware Features of the OptiX RTN 900
V1R2-IDU
· RTN 910 IDU
· RTN 950 IDU
1U
Supports microwave in up to two
directions.
Supports the 1+1 protection
(HSB/SD/FD).
Supports the 2+0 configuration
Support XPÌC
2U
Support microwave in up to six direction
Support the 1+1 protection (HSB/SD/FD)
Support N+0 (N>5)
Support N+1 (N >4)
Support XPÌC
· The ÌDUs of the OptiX RTN 910 and OptiX RTN 950 adopt the card plug-in design. The OptiX RTN
910 and OptiX RTN 950 can provide different functions by configuring different types of boards.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 46
Hardware Features of the OptiX RTN 900
V1R2-Boards
EM6T: 4xFE (RJ45)+2xGE(RJ45) Board
AUX :Assistant ChanneI Interface
Board (OnIy for RTN 950)
IFU2: Hybrid IF Board
IF Board & Service Board
CSH: Hybrid System ControI and Cross-connect board
CSHA: 16*E1+2*FE+2*GE
System Control and Cross-connect Switch Board
CSHB: 32*E1+2*FE+2*GE
CSHC: 16*E1+2*STM-1+2*FE+2*GE
CSTA: 16*E1+2*STM-1
CST: TDM System ControI and Cross- connect Board
IFX2: Hybrid XPIC IF Board
IF1: TDM IF Board
EM6F: 4xFE (RJ45)+2xGE(SFP) Board
SP3S: 16xE1 Board
SP3D: 32xE1 Board
SL1D: 2xSTM-1(O) Board
910
950
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 47
Hardware Features of the OptiX RTN 900
V1R2-IDU 910
Board Name Description Valid Slot
CSHA(A/B) 16*1 (120-ohm/75-ohm)+2*F(RJ45)+2*G(RJ45) Hybrid control, switching, and timing board. Slot 1 and slot 2
CSHB(A/B) 32*1 (120-ohm /75-ohm)+2*F(RJ45)+2*G(RJ45) Hybrid control, switching, and timing board. Slot 1 and slot 2
CSHC(A/B)
16*1 (120-ohm /75-ohm)+2*STM-1(SFP)+2*F(RJ45)+2*G(SFP) Hybrid control, switching, and
timing board.
Slot 1 and slot 2
CSTA(A/B) 16*1 (120-ohm /75-ohm)+2*STM-1(SFP) TDM control, switching, and timing board. Slot 1 and slot 2
ÌFU2 Hybrid ÌF board Slot 3 and slot 4
ÌFX2 Hybrid XPÌC ÌF board Slot 3 and slot 4
ÌF1 TDM ÌF board Slot 3 and slot 4
M6T 4*F(RJ45)+2*G(RJ45) thernet interface board Slot 3 and slot 4
M6F 4*F(RJ45)+2*G(SFP) thernet interface board Slot 3 and slot 4
SP3S(A/B) 16*1 (120-ohm/75-ohm)tributary board Slot 3 and slot 4
SP3D(A/B) 32*1 (120-ohm/75-ohm) tributary board Slot 3 and slot 4
SL1D 2*STM-1 Optical interface board Slot 3 and slot 4
PÌU Power board Slot 5
FAN FAN board Slot 6
ach of the CSHA, CSHB, CSHC and CSTA boards occupies two slots. ach board occupies slot 1 and slot 2 at the same time.
All the boards, except for the power board, support the hot plugging.
Paired sIots
442 (width) x 220 (depth) x 44.45 (height) mm
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 48
PÌU FAN
ÌFU2/ÌFX2/ÌF1
CSHA/CSHB/CSHC/CSTA Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 1/2
Slot 3
Slot 4
· 1+0: One direction
· 1+1: One direction
PÌU FAN
ÌFU2/ÌFX2/ÌF1 ÌFU2/ÌFX2/ÌF1
CSHA/CSHB/CSHC/CSTA Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 1/2
Slot 3
Slot 4
· 1+0: Two direction
PÌU FAN
ÌFU2/ÌFX2/ÌF1 ÌFU2/ÌFX2/ÌF1
CSHA/CSHB/CSHC/CSTA
Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 1/2
Slot 3
Slot 4
PÌU FAN
ÌFX2 ÌFX2
CSHA/CSHB/CSHC/CSTA Slot 5 Slot 6 Slot 1/2
Slot 3
Slot 4
Hardware Features of the OptiX RTN 900
V100R002-IDU 910
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 49
Hardware Features of the OptiX RTN 900
V1R2-IDU 950
Board Name Description VaIid SIot
CSH Hybrid controI, switching, and timing board. SIot 7 and sIot 8
CST TDM controI, switching, and timing board. SIot 7 and sIot 8
AUX AuxiIiary interface board SIot 1~sIot 6
IFU2 Hybrid IF board SIot 1~sIot 6
IFX2 Hybrid XPIC IF board SIot 1~sIot 6
IF1 TDM IF board SIot 1~sIot 6
EM6T 4*FE(RJ45)+2*GE(RJ45) Ethernet interface board SIot 1~sIot 6
EM6F 4*FE(RJ45)+2*GE(SFP) Ethernet interface board SIot 1~sIot 6
SP3S(A/B) 16*E1 (120-ohm/75-ohm)tributary board SIot 1~sIot 6
SP3D(A/B) 32*E1 (120-ohm/75-ohm) tributary board SIot 1~sIot 6
SL1D 2*STM-1 OpticaI interface board SIot 1~sIot 6
PIU Power board SIot 9 and sIot 10
FAN FAN board SIot 11
Three groups of paired sIots
442 (width) x 220 (depth) x 88.9 (height) (mm)
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 50
Interconnection of IF Boards
OptiX RTN 600
V100R003
OptiX RTN 900
V100R002
ÌF0 ÌF1
ÌFH1 (OptiX
RTN 605)
ÌFH2 ÌFX
ÌF1 No Yes No No Yes
ÌFU2 No No Yes Yes No
ÌFX2 No No No No No
OptiX RTN 900
V100R001
OptiX RTN 900
V100R002
ÌF2 ÌFU2 ÌFX2
ÌF1 No No No
ÌFU2
Yes
(Only Pure TH)
Yes
(Only Pure TH)
No
ÌFX2 No No Yes
Air interface interconnection between the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002 and the OptiX RTN 600 V100R003
Air interface interconnection between the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002 and the OptiX RTN 900 V100R001
The ÌFU2 can be interconnected with the ÌF2 only in the case of pure thernet services. When 1 services are
transmitted with thernet services on the ÌFU2, the ÌFU2 cannot be interconnected with the ÌF2.
The ÌF1 of the OptiX RTN 900 V100R002 works in 128QAM/28 MHz mode and can be interconnected with the ÌFX of
the OptiX RTN 600 V100R003.
The overall principles for air-interface interconnection are as follows: Boards with the same name can be
interconnected. Hybrid ÌF boards can be interconnected. TDM ÌF boards can be interconnected. Hybrid ÌF boards can
be interconnected with packet ÌF boards when transmitting pure thernet services.
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 51
Contents
1. DeveIopment of IP RAN and EvoIution of
Microwave Transmission
2. Features of Packet Microwave
3. Features and Functions
4. Hardware
5. Version Matching
Copyright © 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 52
Version Matching
Name Description Matched Version
U2000 NMS V100R001C00
WBLCT Site commissioning tool V100R002C00
DC Upgrade tool V200R007C02
Matching of the NMS and TooIs
www.huawei.com
Thank you

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