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The Female

Reproductive System
Ovary
 The primary reproductive organ of the
female responsible for the production and
maturation of the egg cells.
 The ovaries also secretes hormones like
estrogen (responsible for the female
secondary sexual characteristics and affects
growth and development) and
progesterone (maintains the lining of the
uterus in preparation for pregnancy).
 Females have a pair of ovaries.
 Fallopian tube or oviduct
 Serves as a passageway for the
egg cell from the ovary to the
uterus.
 It is also the usual site of
fertilization.
 Uterus
 a chamber that provides a place for a
developing embryo.

 Cervix
 Also known as “the neck of the uterus,”
this consist of smooth muscles. It
secretes mucus that helps the sperm
cells to move into the uterus.
 Vagina
 Known as “birth canal” for the
baby during birth.
 It provides a channel for the
semen that enters the uterus,
and for the blood that comes out
of the body during menstruation.
 The male and female reproductive organs
or gonads differ in the number of sex cells
(also known as gametes) produced.
 A male can continually produce millions of
sperm cells from puberty until his death
provided that he is healthy.
 A female produces approximately one egg
every 28 days from puberty until the
menopausal stage, a period when she stops
producing eggs.
Rundown

 Humans have reproductive systems for the male


and the female.
 Both reproductive system have parts with specific
functions necessary for reproduction.
 The primary role of the male reproductive system
is to produce sperm cells and secrete hormones
responsible for the development of the secondary
sexual characteristics of the males.
 The parts of the male reproductive system are the
testes, scrotum, epididymis, vas deferens, urethra,
penis, and glands (prostate gland, cowper’s gland,
and seminal vesicles).
 Female reproductive sysytem produces egg cells
and releases hormones like estrogen and
progesterone.
 Estrogen and progesterone develop the secondary
sexual characteritics of the females.
 The parts of the female reproductive system are the
ovaries, fallopian tubes, fimbriae, uterus, cervix
and vagina.
 Hormones are chemical substances that affect the
different chemical and physical processes of the
body.
 Testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) control the
functions of the male reproductive system.
 Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones
involved in the process of reproduction in females.