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 Introduction
 Importance of Education
 Education system of Pakistan
 Constitution of Pakistan
 Major Problems in Education of Pakistan
 Solution for education in Pakistan
What is Education?
Education is the simple Process
Of learning and knowing.The formal
education starts from the school, where
they are taught,how to behave and
understand what is going on around

 Education is very important for every human being. It

makes one able to understand what is happening around
us logically and clearly.
 Diogenes Lertius says that :

“The foundation of every state is the education of

its youth.”
Erasmus says that:
“The main hope of a Nation lies in the proper
education of its youth.”
Education System of
 The education system of Pakistan is comprised of
260,903 institutions and is facilitating 41,018,384
students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. The
system includes 180,846 public institutions and
80,057 private institutions. Hence 31% educational
institutes are run by private sector while 69% are
public institutes.
Constitution of Pakistan
 It is mandated in the Constitution of Pakistan to provide free
and compulsory education to all children between the ages of
5-16 years and enhance adult literacy.
 According to new education policy of Government of
Pakistan,English medium education is extended to
all schools across the country.
 The issues lead to the comprehension of the
problems which are faced in the development of
education system and promotion of literacy. The
study outlines seven major problems such as:
1 ) Education System is based
on Unequal Lines
The educational system of
Pakistan is based on
unequal lines. Medium of
education is different in
both, public and private
sector. This creates a sort
of disparity among people,
dividing them into two
2 )Funds for Education:

Pakistan spends 2.4% GDP on education. At national

level, 89% education expenditure comprises of current
expenses such as teachers’ salaries, while only 11%
comprises of development expenditure which is not
sufficient to raise quality of education.
3) Poverty :

 Poverty is also another factor that restricts the

parents to send their children to public or private
schools. So, they prefer to send their children to
madrassas where education is totally free.

4) Ratio of Gender Discrimination

The ratio of gender discrimination is a cause which is

projecting the primary school ratio of boys & girls which
is 10:4 respectively. For the last few years there has been
an increase in the growth of private schools. That not
only harms the quality of education but creates a gap
among haves and has not.
5) Untrained Teachers
The teachers in government schools are not
well trained. They are not professionally
trained so they are unable to train a nation.
 Educational institutes are not easily accessible to every student
 Different syllabus
 Poor examination system
 Unchecked madarsah educational system
 Increasing copy culture

 No carrier counseling to fit the right man at right place

 Absence of moral instruction
Solution :

To implement uniform education system in the country, but

a uniform curriculum can be introduced in educational
institutes of the country. This will provide equal opportunity
to the students of rural areas to compete with students of
urban areas in the job market.
Suggestion :

 Provide free and compulsory education to all children

between the ages of 5-16 years
 Modernizing and revising syllabus
 Training the teachers
 Schools should be opened to educate every single
individual on equal footings
 Educational materials should propagate philosophy of
peace and prosperity