BY: Mawlynnai Benson Kharkongor.

livestock. Agro-forestry D & D: Agro-forestry Diagnosis and Design. ICRAF International Center for Research in Agro-forestry. trees and other production components.Meanings«« Land Use System: It is define as the distinctive combination of crops. .

Introduction: ¶Diagnosis should precede treatment· It is difficult to decide just which AF practice is best suited for a given land-use situations. D & D IS SIMPLY A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE APPLICATION OF THIS PRICIPLE IN AGRO-FORESTRY. The ICRAF has developed fieldworkers to plan and implement effective research and development projects. At the same time exert a priority call on scarce research resources and what are the priorities of research are likewise difficult to decide. Thus. AF D & D becomes an important aspect in taking decisions. .

Key Features of D & D. Since initial designs can almost always be improved. the D & D process need not end until further improvements are no longer necessary. Speed: D & D has been designed with the option of a ¶rapid appraisal· application at the planning stage of the project with in-depth follow-up during project implementation. Repetition: D & D is an open ended learning process. Flexibility: the procedures are very flexible which can be adopted to suit the land users. .

D & D needs. Feedback from research trials.Basic logic of AF D & D. Basic Question Pre-diagnostic stage Which land-use system? How does the system work? Diagnostic stage How well the system work? Design and evaluation stage How can the system be improved? Planning stage How can the improved technology be developed and disseminated? Implementation stage How can the plan of action be adjusted to new information? Key factor to consider Distinctive combination of resource technology and land-user objectives. casual factors. and intervention points. Problems in meeting objectives. Specifications fro problem solving or performance enhancing interventions. constraints. extensions needs. independent farmer innovations etc. . Production objectives and strategy subsystems and components.

Procedures of AF D & D Macro D & D Micro D & D .

Level of agricultural development and land-use intensification. Urgency of problems or importance of unexploited potential.Macro D & D An agro forestry research program normally begins with a macro D & D exercise covering an entire ecological zone within a country. . The selection of the zone is basically on the following factors: Contribution to food production and the national economy. based primarily on secondary information complemented by a few selected surveys in the field. This consists of a rapid appraisal. Population or area.

Environmental characteristics.) Resources/supporting service. . (size of the holdings««. altitude««) Socio-economic. The primary focus of the analysis is the management unit that makes decisions and shares resources.) Development activities and policies. labour and products.) Land-use. The characteristics are: Location: administrative and political divisions. (zones. (labour«««. Analysis of a land-use system comprises all the characteristics that affect its management and performance. objectives.Micro D & D. (population««.

. Productivity. Sustainability. Adoptability.Criteria of good AF Design.


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful