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NIRS (Near

Infrared
Spectroscopy)
Prepared by Tiya Novlita

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What is NIR and Vis spectroscopy?

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Region of IR

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Types of molecular motions
Low energy

• Translational motion

• Vibrational motion

• Rotational motion

High energy

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NIR Interaction

Macroscopic Microscopic

Infrared Light
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Take a peek on how NIR instrument works!

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Example of NIR Spectra
Combinations
0,5

0,45 Caffeine
0,4
Absorbance

0,35

0,3

0,25 1st Overtones


0,2

0,15

0,1
2nd Overtones
0,05

0
1100 1300 1500 1700 1900 2100 2300 2500

Wavelength
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Sampling Technique
Transmission Diffuse Reflectance
• Useful for materials which are “diffuse”
• Generally used on and reflect the NIR beam back. Samples
translucent solids, liquids, typically analyzed by diffuse reflectance
include powders, solids, tablets and
gels and tablets. suspensions.

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Advantages and Disadvantages
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
• Fast – With typical • Not a Primary method
measurement times of around
30 seconds. • Needs many standards for
• No Sample preparation. making a good calibration
• No wastage and No pollution. model
• Savings in running costs (no
reagents, consumables, etc)
• Simultaneous determination
of multiple components.
• Measurement through
packaging
• Ease of operation

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Up for more debates?

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Taken from Spectroscopy : NIR
Versus Mid-IR: How to
Choose?

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