You are on page 1of 21

Meaning and Needs of Value


Jose Mari L. De Vera

What is value education?
Value education is the process by which people give moral
values to others.
The word ‘Value’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Valere’ it
means ability, utility, importance.
Value means that object or things in which the person is
1. Hedonist philosophers say that “value is what satisfies
the wills of human”.
2. Evolutionist philosophers believe that “Values are life
3. Purntavadi philosophers have the concept that “Value
is what, that is self beneficial”.


a.) Philosophical Concept- It believes that value is a
micro-element. Under this we can divide definitions of
value in three parts:
1. Subjective Definitions—Personally values have the
relationship with our emotions and sentiments, likes and
According to E. S. Brightman, values are the means to
satisfy our needs and desires.
2. Objective Definitions -This definition means value
does not meant to the person or his/her internal
emotions/ feelings or it is not an object of internal world
but, value meant to object.

3. Logical Definitions
-On this basis people think that values have the
relationship with both person and his/her environment.

b.) Psychological Concept - ” According to Jones,

“Values are the inspiration that satisfies the efforts of
individual so that he can achieve his goals”.
c.) Sociological Concept - Sociological views believe that values
are based on social thoughts, beliefs and customs.

Classification of Values
Allport and Vernon have divided values in 6 categories on the basis of
distribution by Spranger:
1. Theoretical Value
2. Economic Value
3. Social Value
4. Political Value
5. Aesthetic Value
6. Religious Value
J. E. Turner has divided values in two categories—
1. Abstract Value
2. Concrete Value
Galightly have divided values in two parts—
1. Essential Value
2. Operational Value
B.R. Goel Classification
—(1) appreciation to the values of other culture (2) Anti untouchability (3) Citizenship
(4) Worry for others (5) care for others (6) co-operation (7) kindness (8) Democratic
decisions. (9) Greatness of person. (10) Respect of physical work (11) Friendly
nature (12) Good behavior. (13) National assessment. (14) Obey (15) Utilization of
Time (16) Search of Knowledge. (17) Patient. (18) Mercy
(19) GeneralObjectives. (20) Manners. (21) Devotion. (22) Healthy life. (23) Unity.
(24) Purity. (25) No cheating. (26) Self Control. (27) Resource prosperity. (28)
Consistency. (29) Respect for others. (30) Respect of old aged. (31) Simple life.
(32) Social Justice. (33) Self discipline. (34) Self-help. (35) Self-respect. (36)
Selfconfidence. (37) Self-support. (38) Self Education (39) Self-dependence. (40)
Meditation. (41) Socialservice. (42) Unity for Human being. (43) Difference
between right and wrong. (44) Feeling of social responsibility. (45) Cleanliness.
(46) Curiosity (47) Daring. (48) Religion. (49) Discipline. (50) Tolerance.
(51) Equality. (52) Friendship. (53) Loyalty. (54) Freedom. (55) Far slightness.
(56) Gentleness.(57) Thankful. (58) Honesty (59) Helpful. (60) Humanity. (61)
Justice. (62) Endurance. (63) Truth.(64) Universal truth. (65) Universal love. (66)
Importance of national and public property. (67) Initiatives(68) Mercy. (69) Mercy
towards species. (70) Piety (71) Leadership. (72) National Unity. (73)
Nationalawaking. (74) Non-violence. (75) Peace. (76) Patriotism. (77) Socialism
(78) Sympathy. (79) Culture.(80) Good infl uence. (81) Team spirit (82)
Punctuality. (83)Team management.
After observing above specifications we can divide values in
following groups:
1. Personal Value—Personal value is that which is related with
the personal life of the person.
—Person put himself under values. Cleanliness,
consistency, punctuality, search of knowledge and simple life
etc. are of this category.
2. Social Value—Social value is that in which person give
preference to society.
—thinks about welfare of society.
3. Educational Value—Growth of mind, curiosity, meditation etc.
are the values which are under educational values.
—Aim of education is to develop mental ability
(knowledge) of child, it alsomakes the child self dependent.
4. Political Value—Patriotism, national unity, national
awaking etc. are the values categorized in political
— aim is to make the person an able citizen, so that
they can be aware of their rights and duties.

5. Character Value—Good conduct/character, mercy,

sympathy, kindliness, endurance etc. are the values
called character values.
6. Spiritual or Religious Value—Devotion, doctrine,
respect all religions are the purpose of it.
7. Aesthetic Values—Love for nature, appreciation to beauty,
forest protection etc. are aesthetic values.
— the person is expected to love beautiful things and
make clean to the land on which he/she lives.

Meaning of Value Education

The education that trains child about values, is called value
In the context of value education Dr. S. P. Ruhela says:
1. “Education in human values” cannot be taught in schools
as a separate subject.
2. We should involve value education in moral education also.
3. It is not possible to assess value education like other
4. It should not be teach as wasteful subject by teachers.
5. It should not only be teaching in formal educational
institutions but also should teach informally.
6. It should not only take as religious incantation, prayers,
assemblies, stories etc.
7. It has to be an important means of human formation in
which, spirituality, science, technology, politics, social work,
modernization, Future science, universal humanity etc. should
be included.
Form of Value Education
It is very difficult to make them learn values. Therefore,
as a teacher we should be the role model of values.
Mainly there are four important characters in schools.
Principal Teacher

Student Employee
Alongwith we should take care of some matters in value
education, which are as:
1. Value education is not religious education.
2. This education is practical rather than educational.
3. No one (teacher) have the monopoly over value
education, it can be given everyone principal, teacher,
student worker.
4. Students should have self inspiration to learn values.
Therefore education should not forced onstudents.
5. Knowledge of values should be given according to the
level of their maturity.
6. There should not too long gap between saying and doing.
7. Behavior of students should be assessed and
analyzed by teachers at regular interval.

Value Education helps…

 To learn about values
 To realize the importance of values
 To make a starting point
Ways of Inculcating Values of the Child (STRATEGIES)
1. Role Playing Method of Teaching
2. Value Clarification Method (Value Sheet)
3. Jurisprudential Inquiry Model of Teaching
4. Simulation
5. Value-Analysis Method of Teaching (Debate)
6. Story Telling Method
7. Observation Method
8. Integration Method
Family and Value Education
• Family is the powerful means of informal education.
• Family is the institute that directs the behavior of child,
also does socialization of children by giving him
knowledge about the culture of the society.

Family: An Agency for the Development of Values

1. Effect of Family relationship on Values—if family
members have harmonies relationship with each other
than proper values will be develop in child.
These ties should be among:
(i) Mother ← = = = → Father
(ii) Parents ← = = = → Child
(iii) Child ← = = = → Child
(iv) Family ← = = = → Neighbor
(v) Family ← = = = → Other relatives
(vi) Family ← = = = → Society
• If these kinds of relationship is present in the family
then desirable values of love, respect, affection etc. will
raise in students.
• If tension and stress is present in above relations then feeling
of jealousy and enmity will grow in children.

2. Good Physical Environment of Family—The presence of basic

physical requirements means bread, cloth and house is
essential in the environment of family.

3. Good Emotional Environment of Family—Family is an

important institution to develop momentum.
- Point of view and behavior of parents towards children plays
an important role in growth of values within children.
- Behavior of parent should be equal and unbiased.
Along with it they should made desirable care/protection
children. Usually parent shows four kind of behavior
toward children, which are as:
(i) Over Protection
(ii) Normal Protection
(iii) Under Protection
(iv) No Protection

4. Proper Discipline in Family—Disciplined environment

of the family plays a very important role in development/
growth of values of children.
This disciplined environment is present in two form in
(i) Self discipline of parent.
(ii) Vision of parents towards the discipline of children.

5. Good Cultural Environment of family- Actually if we

see then we will observe that the values are the
standard/ criterion/norms fi xed by culture, therefore
change in culture makes/creates change in values.
Sometimes, you will never know the
true value of a moment until it
a memory.