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- Formal Report Physics Experiment 2
- Stability Floating Body
- Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
- SUBmarINe Bouyancy
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Important:

Class on Friday will be held in SUB

Ballroom B!

P2 = P1 + rgh

Patm

P1 h

Patm = 101 325 N/m2

h Patm = 101 325 Pa

P2

Patm = 101 kPa

P2 Patm = 14.7 lbs/in2

P2 = P1 + rgh P1 What is h for P2 = 2 Patm?

2Patm = Patm + rgh

h

Patm = rgh hfresh water = 10.3 m

h = Patm / rg P2 hsalt water = 10.0 m

h = (101325)/ (1000)(9.8)

h = 10.3 m = 34 ft

hmercury = 0.76 m

THE BUOYANT

FORCE

Fbuoy

HOW BIG IS THE

Fbuoy

BUOYANT FORCE?

1m

1m

1m

THE CASPER BOX

Fbuoy

= 10,000 N

- no mass

- just holds stuff

1m WATER

1m

force?

WE,W = 10,000 N

THE CASPER BOX

Fbuoy

= 10,000 N

- no mass

- just holds stuff

a

1m STEEL

1m

force?

WE,S = 78,000 N

THE CASPER BOX

Fbuoy

= 10,000 N

- no mass

- just holds stuff

a

1m STYRO-

FOAM

1m

force?

WE,S = 1,000 N

Archimedes’ Principle:

The buoyant force acting on an object

is equal to the weight of the fluid:

displaced by the object, or

that would fill the “Casper Box”

If an object has greater density than

the fluid it will sink.

If an object has smaller density than

the fluid it will float.

How can a steel boat float?

Where will they “float?”

Object A: rA = 0.8 g/cc

oil Object B: rB = 0.95 g/cc

r = 0.9 g/cc Object C: rC = 1.1 g/cc

Object D: rD = 1.3 g/cc

fresh water

Object E: rE = 4.0 g/cc

r = 1.0 g/cc

salt water

r = 1.2 g/cc

The bouyant force is greatest on a

ten ton ship if it is floating in:

A) fresh water

a=?

C) mercury a=0

WE,b

D) all the same

What does change?

THREE BLOCKS

Which block has the greatest buoyant

force?

Which block experiences the

largest buoyant force?

Archimedes’ Fw,1 Fw,2

Principle

balsa

oak

WE,2

Newton’s WE,1

2nd Law

What should I remember?

Archimedes’ Principle always applies,

whether an object sinks or floats.

buoyant force is always equal to weight of

fluid displaced.

also equal to the object’s weight.

(Newton’s 2nd Law with a = 0)

Problem

A cube of wood 20 cm on each side is

placed in a tub of water and is found to

sink so that only 6 cm of the block is

above the water. What is the density of

the wood?

6 cm

20 cm

6 cm

F(buoy)W,b 20 cm

a=?

a=0 rV

WE,b =mg F(buoy)W,b = WE,b

= rb Vb g rWVCB g = rb Vb g

rWVCB = rb Vb

mW g = rWVCB g

Vb Vb

F(buoy)W,b = W(water in Casper box)

VCB

= rWVCB g

rb = rW

Vb

rb = 700 kg/m3

Hard problem:

You are floating in a boat in your very

own swimming pool (you are rich).

There are six gold bricks sitting on

the floor of the boat (you are rich).

You throw them into the pool. Does

the water level of the pool go up or

down (or stay the same)?

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