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CROSS OVER

CABLING
WHAT IS A COMPUTER NETWORK?
•Computer Network - is a group of computers
interconnected with one another.
There are different types of computer network namely;
LAN (Local Area Network) - A type of computer network
within a specific area or vicinity. For example, computers
inside the school connected to one another is considered
as LAN.

MAN (Metropolitan Area Network) - A type of computer


network within the town or city.

WAN (Wide Area Network) - This type of computer


network is the largest because it it a global interconnection
of computers. An example of this is the Internet.
So how computer network happens?

All computer devices connected to a network is called


network devices. printers. switch, MODEM, router etc
are all computer network devices. To connect computer to
another computer you could use either a cable or signal
as your medium. Network cable is the cheapest and
easiest to manage. Knowledge and skills in creating a
network cable is also pre-requisite in connecting
computers together. Also knowledge in IP addressing and
different network devices is a good start if you want to
learn how to connect computers together.
What are the Equipment,
tools and materials needed
in Connecting two
computers using wired
connection?
RJ45
RJ means Registered jack. This is a standard physical
Network Interface used for connecting telecommunications
equipment commonly, a computer networking equipment.
UTP CABLE
The cheapest cable use in computer in networking is the UTP (Unshielded
Twisted Pair) cable. Other use the STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) cable which is
cost much than UTP but more reliable.
CRIMPER
Crimping tool is used to join the RJ-45 and RJ-11
connectors to the both ends of either phone or
CAT5 cable.
WIRE STRIPPER
A tool designed to remove the protective covering (jacket)
off of a cable to expose the inner wires. Because different
wires come in different shapes, there are dozens of
different wire strippers available.
LAN TESTER
A cable tester is a device
that is used to test the
strength and connectivity of
a particular type of cable or
other wired assemblies.
COMPUTERS with Network
Interface Card Adapter
Short for Network Interface Card,
the NIC is also referred to as an
Ethernet card and network
adapter. It is an expansion card
that enables a computer to
connect to a network;

Sherwin C. Maningas
Most of the
motherboard nowadays
have already a built-in
LAN Adapter (LAN Port)
Creating of a cross over network cable

Materials Needed:
2 RJ45
1 meter Network Cable – UTP cable

Tools Needed:
Crimping Tool
Wire Stripper
LAN Tester

Equipment Needed:
2 Working computers with Network Adapter (LAN port)
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Sherwin C. Maningas
Cut the cable insulator to show all the eight wires.
Strip off the insulator.
Separate all eight wires.
Position all eight wires according to its assigned
pins in the RJ45 .
Position all wires. Make sure that all are in proper
pin assignment.
Cut the wires.
Make sure that the cut is even and small enough
for the RJ45.
Put all wires inside the RJ45.
Make sure all wires reach the pins
Crimp the RJ45 using Crimpping tool
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