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ARCHAEBACTERIA

Balon. De Leon. Galura. Mariveles. Samson. Siangko. Sungcang.


ARCHAEBACTERIA
• Microscopic organisms that belong to this kingdom are found in various
places such as places with extreme environment.
• Examples of this are methanogens, halophiles, and thermophiles.
METHANOGENS
• Methanogens are organisms that can live in places without oxygen.
• One important characteristic is that they emit methane gas.
• Methane is used as a biogas, an alternative source of energy.
• Examples of methanogens are Methanococcus and Methanobacterium.
HALOPHILES
• Organisms that thrive in high salt concentrations.
• Their presence is causing the color of salt ponds to be yellow or orange.
• Examples of halophiles are Halococcus Dombrowski and Halobacterium
Salinarium.
THERMOPHILES
• Organisms that live in places that have hot temeperatures.
• They inhabit volcanic hot springs and also in small deep sea openings.
• They turn hydrogen sulfide released from three openings to food for other
organisms and in are provided essential nutrients by the former.
• An example of this is Thermus Thermophilus that is found in Yellowstone Hot
Springs.
OTHER ARCHAEBACTERIA
• Archaebacteria that thrive in very cold places are called Psychrophiles
• Archaebacteria that live in acidic places are called Acidophiles
• Archabaceria that prefer very alkaline environments are called Alkaliphiles
ARCHAEA VS BACTERIA
• Archaea and Bacteria have the same cell type, they are both Prokaryotic.
• In their cell wall, organisms in Archaea doesn’t have peptidoglycan, while
there is peptidoglycan in Bacteria.
• Membrane lipids of Archaea are ether linked, while in bacteria, their
membrane lipids are ester linked.
• Archaea is known for extreme environments and none infect humans
• Bacteria is known for having both helpful and harmful relationships with
humans.