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Descriptive Text

The Objective:

1. Students are able to use adjective order correctly in a

2. Students are able to retell a descriptive text with a
correct pronunciation and intonation
Word Phonetic transcription
Interesting /ˈɪn.trəs.tɪŋ/

Archives /ˈɑː.kaɪv/

Colonialism /kəˈləʊ.ni.ə.lɪ.z ə m/

Offer /ˈɒf.ə r /

Insight /ˈɪn.saɪt/

Dutch /dʌtʃ/

Deem /diːm/

European /ˌjʊə.rəˈpiː.ən/

Queen /kwiːn/

Jewel /ˈdʒuː. ə l/

Mausoleum /ˌmɔː.zəˈliː.əm/

Emperor /ˈem.p ə r.ə r /

Chamber /ˈtʃeɪm.bə r /

Caving /ˈkeɪ.vɪŋ/

Kota Tua Jakarta, also known as Old Jakarta or Old Batavia, is an

interesting historical area in Jakarta. Spanning an area of 1.3 square
kilometers across North and West Jakarta, this area offers interesting
insight of Dutch colonialism.
During the 17th century, this area was also called “The Jewel of Asia”
and “Queen of the East” by European sailors. It was deemed as the trading
center of Asia, due to its strategic location and lavish natural resources.
Kota Tua is an area of Dutch colonization inheritance which
was well-known as Batavia. This old city was built by Jan
Pieterszoon Coen, the general governor of a VOC in 1617. In this
area, there are old buildings with architectures influenced by
Dutch, European or even Chinese architecture styles, some of them
even have a combination of Dutch and Chinese architecture.
This historical site is a favorite for culture lovers,
photographers, local and international tourists. Tourists can take
photos or most likely learn about the history of Dutch colonialism.
They can also walk around, go cycling and dine at the classic cafe
1. What is the text about?
2. Who built Kota Tua?
3. Mention 3 architecture styles which were influenced in Historic
Batavia Old Town.
1. The text is about the description and the history of Kota Tua Jakarta
2. It was built by Jan Pieterszoon Coen, the governor general of a VOC
in 1617.
3. Kota Tua Jakarta’s architecture style was influenced by Dutch,
European or even Chinese architecture styles.
What is Adjective?

Adjectives are words that describe or modify other

words, especially nouns. Because adjectives are used to
identify or quantify individual people and unique things,
they are usually positioned before the noun or pronoun
that they modify. Some sentences contain multiple
Example of adjective:

• Katy is an adorable cat.

• Kota Tua offers interesting insight of Dutch
Example of Adjective (2 adjectives)

• A handsome young man

• A big black cat
• That horrible big dog
Noun Phrase

An adjective that describes a noun is called a

modifier. A noun that goes with a modifier is called
a noun phrase.
Adjectives that are used in noun phrase usually come in this order:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Determiner Opinion Size Age Shape Color Nationality Material Noun
• D = Determiner (the, a, some, etc.)
• O= Opinion (beautiful, rich, diligent)
• S= Size (big, small, long)
• A= Age (young, old, new)
• Sh= Shape (round, flat, thin)
• C= Color (white, yellow, red)
• O= Origin (Italian, Indonesian, Chinese)
• M= Material (rubber, plastic, cotton, wooden)
For example:
• Taj Mahal represents the finest marble architectural

• The building has two unique tall white towers

Practice 1
Fill the blank space by putting the correct adjective order.
1. Kota Tua Jakarta has ________________ architecture style. (Dutch-wonderful-a)
2. Monas attracts the visitors with its ______________ flame on the top of the
building (golden-luxurious)
3. The Great Wall of China has ________________ wall that connects its regions.
4. Borobudur offers ___________________ temple that shows rich culture. (a-
beautiful -old)
5. The mausoleum at Taj Mahal was constructed of ________________ (white -
pure -marble)
Group time!

Make a group of four, then every

student should write a sentence