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Our senses allow us to learn and protect ourselves to enjoy the

world!

Sight Touch Taste Smell Hear

Click on a sense to learn its purpose then Watch the


video!
The way your eyes communicate with your
brain is through the optic nerve.
The optic nerve sends signals from your
eyes to your brain, and those signals turn
into a message that allows you to see
everything
The eye detects and focuses on images
with photoreceptors found in the retina of
the eye.
The two types of photoreceptors are rods
and cones. Rods respond to the brightness
of light, while cones identify different
colors to help you focus and make an
image
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The sense of touch is activated by neural
receptors such as hair follicles found in the
skin
The skin has different receptors that can feel
pressure, moisture, temperature, vibration,
and pain
Reflexes are touch sensors that send data
directly to the muscles to help protect our
body. After the muscles respond, the data is
then sent to the brain
We feel pain to protect our body.
Experiencing it helps us learn not to repeat
activities that can damage our body.
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The taste of food, is detected by
sensory cells called taste buds
located on top of the tongue.
There are five basic tastes: sweet,
bitter, sour, salty and savory
We have approximately 8,000
taste buds on our tongue
Foods like onions, garlic, spicy
foods, hot temperature foods,
alcohol, smoking, and caffeine can
dull the sense of taste
Our tongue is the only muscle in
our body that is capable of
sensing taste and sending taste Main Menu
signals to our brain
The inside of your nose is called the
nasal cavity; there are special
nerves hanging from the roof of it
that detect the smells when you
breathe in.
Those nerves send a signal into your
brain to translate what you are
sensing into a smell
Our sense of smell improves when
we are hungry
Our smelling ability increases at the
age of 8 and declines in old age. It
can deteriorate even before old
age; starting in the early 20s Main Menu
Hearing is a sense that detects the
vibrations of sound.
The outer ear’s funnel like shape
allows it to collect sound waves and
send them to the brain
The ear drum is a membrane that
vibrates when sound hits it
That vibration creates sound waves
that travel through the ear so you are
able to hear
Your inner ear has tiny bones and
hair-like fibers that turn sound waves
from the air into electrical nerve
pulses that the brain can then Main Menu
interpret
• Admin. (2010-2018). Facts about the Five Senses. Retrieved from Science With Kids:
http://sciencewithkids.com/science-facts/facts-about-the-senses.html
• Baidya, S. (2014, June 23). 20 Interesting Human Tongue Facts. Retrieved from Facts
Legend: http://factslegend.org/20-interesting-human-tongue-facts/
• Pellon, S. (2016, December 16). 5 Facts to Know About the Senses. Retrieved from
Visible Body: https://www.visiblebody.com/blog/5-facts-to-know-about-the-five-
senses
• Science Kids. (2016, July 8). Human Body Facts. Retrieved from Science Kids Fun
Science and Technology for Kids!:
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/humanbody/senses.html
• SIRC. (1997-2017). The Smell Report. Retrieved from SIRC Social Issues Research
Centre: http://www.sirc.org/publik/smell_human.html