Imam Mahdi (as)2006

Imam Mahdi (AS

)
Ali Azhar Arastu February 2006

Agenda 
         

Righteous servants will inherit the earth Traditions regarding Imam Mahdi (AS) Characteristics of Imam Mahdi (AS) Doubts regarding Imam (AS), clarified What is Imamat? Guide for the community? Proof (Hujjat) of Allah ± Nucleus of earth Incredible? «but its possible, lets look at Quran What next« Are we ready for him Our duties while we wait

" (Quran 24:55) "They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths but Allah shall perfect His Light though the faithless may detest." (Quran 21:105) "Allah has promised those of you who have faith and do righteous deeds that He will surely make them successors in the earth." (Quran 61:8) . just as He made those who were before them successors and He will surely establish for them their religion which He has approved for them. not ascribing any partners to Me. and the outcome will be in favor of the Godwary." (Quran 9:33) The earth indeed belongs to Allah.Righteous servants inherit the earth«Holy Quran      "It is He who has sent His Apostle with the guidance and the Religion of truth." (Quran 7:128) "Certainly We wrote in the Psalms (Zabur) after the Torah: Indeed My righteous servants shall inherit the earth. that He may make it prevail over all religions. He gives its inheritance to whomever He wishes of His servants. though the polytheists should be averse (detest). and that He will surely change their state to security after their fear. while they worship Me.

Traditions regarding Imam Mahdi  (AS) "There will be twelve Guides after me.al-Mahdi (AS) is different than Prophet Jesus (the Messiah) . Sunan Abu Dawud.al-Mahdi (AS) will come in the last days to make a universal Government.Prophet Jesus (AS) will come as one of the followers of Imam al-Mahdi and will pray behind him in congressional prayer. and the last one will be the 'Support' (al-Qa'im) who. and Sahih al-Nisa'i : . Sahih Muslim. the daughter of the Prophet (SAWA) . will gain victory over the whole east and west of the world.al-Mahdi (AS) is from the progeny of Fatimah (AS). . Sahih alTirmidhi. O' Ali. with the grace of Allah. : Sahih al-Bukhari. the first of whom is you.  . Sunan Ibn Majah." As per the 6 famous Sunni books.al-Mahdi (AS) is from the Ahlul-Bayt of the Prophet (PBUH&HF) .

p63 .Sunan Abu Dawud. pp 2. v2.al-Tathkirah. p217 . Allah will expand that day to such a length of time. by al-Tabarani.al-Mustadrak ala al-Sahihayn. by al-Suyuti. pp 84. v2.160 .Tahdhib al-Tahdhib. by Ibn Hajar Asqalani. v9. by al-Hakim. v1. by al-Qurtubi. p617 and many more«.al-Urful Wardi.al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah. section 1. v9. p557 . by al-Suyuti. p305 . p249 . pp 74-75 . p2 .al-Majma'.Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani.Fat'h al-Bari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari. p7 . He will fill out the earth with peace and justice as it will have been full of injustice and tyranny (by then).376.Sahih al-Tirmidhi. V3. as to accommodate the kingdom of a person from my Ahlul-Bayt who will be called by my name." References: . by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami. Ch.Traditions regarding Al-Mahdi  (AS) with references The Prophet (PBUH&HF) said: "Even if the entire duration of the world's existence has already been exhausted and only one day is left (before the day of judgment). 11. p86.Jami' al-Saghir. v7. p144 . v4.  .

of the descendants of Fatimah (the Prophet's daughter). v2. v2.More Traditions«. 11. v2.Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami. as quoted in: .Sunan Ibn Majah. Ch.al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah. section 1. 11. no doubt Allah will enforce his appearance within a night (i. his coming is very unpredictable and is very sudden).al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah. p249  "al-Mahdi is from our Ahlul-Bayt. section 1. Ch. p250 . Tradition #4085  The Prophet (PBUH&HF) said: The Mahdi will be of my family." References: . by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami. . 36.Sunan Abu Dawud. the wife of the Prophet) . Ch. Tradition #4086 .e.Sunan Ibn Majah.  The Prophet (PBUH&HF) said: "al-Mahdi is one of us. the members of the household (Ahlul-Bayt). and others as quoted in: . References: .. p269. Tradition #4271 (narrated by Umm Salama." Reference: Sunan Ibn Majah.al-Nisa'i and al-Bayhaqi. English version.

saying: "No. by Jalaluddin al-Suyuti.³ Reference:Sahih Muslim. will descend. Verily. v3. but Jesus declines.384 al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah. and the leader of them will ask him to lead the prayer. part 2. p251 Nuzool Isa Ibn Maryam Akhir al-Zaman. pp 45.Another tradition«  Jabir Ibn Abdillah al-Ansari (RA) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "A group of my Ummah will fight for the truth until near the day of judgment when Jesus. 11. the son of Marry. Arabic. among you Allah has made leaders for others and He has bestowed his bounty upon them. section 1. p57  . by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami. p19 Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. Ch.

" Beirut. 1399/1979. (They have also verified) that the belief in Mahdi is obligatory. Reference:A Fatwa in this issue was given in Mecca by "The Muslim World League" (Rabitatul 'Alamil Islami) on Oct. 11. Only those ignorant deny it. the Introduction of al-Ganji al-Shafi'i. The majority of these traditions are related through numerous authorities (Mutawatir). 1976 (23 Shawwal 1396). see. For the transcription and reproduction of this Fatwa. and that it is one of the beliefs of Ahlussunnah wal Jama'a.Fatwa given in Mecca  "The memorizers (Huffadh) and scholars of Hadith have verified that there are authentic (Sahih) and acceptable (Hasan) reports among the traditions related to al-Mahdi. pp 76-79 and in Appendix   . in the book named "al-Bayan. There is no doubt that the status of those reports are Sahih and Mutawatir. among others.

Ganji in his book "al-Bayan". pp 211-212) that the traditions concerning the Mahdi are certainly reliable.View of Shafi¶ scholars and Ibn Taymiyyah re Al-Mahdi (As)  Two Shafi'i scholars. (See Mukhtasar Minhaj al-Sunnah. who is acclaimed by the Wahhabis. al-Dhahabi. 728/1328). and Shablanji in his book "Noor al-Absar". wrote in his book "Minhaj al-Sunnah" (v4. pp 533-534). and his student. conformed with him in his summary of his teacher's book.  ." Even Ibn Taymiyyah (d. on the verse 48:28 of Quran: "He is the One who sent his Messenger (Muhammad) with the guidance and the true religion that in order to prevail over all the religions" narrated from Sa'id Ibn Jubair that "this promise to Prophet Muhammad will be fulfilled by al-Mahdi who is in the progeny of Fatimah (AS).

Characteristics of Imam Mahdi          (As) The son of Imam Hasan Askari (As) the 11th Imam Born on 15th of Shaban 255 H/869 AD His father was martyred so he became the Imam in 260 H/874 AD Went into minor occultation in 260 H/874 AD Went into Major occultation in 329 H/944 AD He will reappear when Allah wills His title Al-Mahdi ³The guided one´ His name is Muhammed ibn Al Hasan(AS) His lineage. traced back to Imam Ali (AS). is: Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan Ibn Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Musa Ibn Ja'far Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn al-Husain Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS) .

Doubts/Questions regarding Al Mahdi    (AS) Question 1: How can a five year old boy become the Imam of mankind ? Answer: ³Thereat she pointed to him. They said µHow can we speak to one who is yet a baby in the cradle?¶ He (Jesus) said µIndeed I am a servant of Allah! He has given me the Book and made me a prophet. He has made me blessed.´(Quran 19:29-31) "'O Yahya! Hold on with power to the Book.   . ' And We gave him the judgement while still a child. and He has enjoined me to the prayer and to pay the zakat as long as I live." (Quran 19:12) The third example is Prophet Solomon (Sulayman) who was appointed by Allah the heir of his father. David (Dawud). wherever I may be. and became the king of his community while he had not reached the age of puberty.

and on earth more than 3000 years People of the cave in the cave for 309 years Story of Prophet Uzair (Quran 2:259) .Doubts/Questions regarding Al Mahdi   (AS) (Continued)      Question 2: Every human is mortal. How can Imam alMahdi (AS) live so long? Answer: Noah (AS) Prophet for 950 years (Quran 29:14) Jesus (AS) still alive 2000+ years Khidr (AS) still alive.

Its said that Shia¶s believe that he is in a cave. It does not mean that he is confined to a cave. just the same as the common belief of Muslims about al-Khidr (AS).    .Doubts/Questions regarding Al Mahdi   (AS) (Continued) Question 3: Is Imam Mahdi (AS) in a cave right now? Then where? He was last seen in a cave when he disappeared. This is not true. Imam al-Mahdi (AS) may sometimes live in one place or travel around the world.

Doubts/Questions regarding Al Mahdi     (AS) (Continued)   Question 4: Why did Imam (AS) disappear? When will he appear? The main reason will be disclosed when he reappears An easy answer.000 pious followers who will fill the secondary position . its Allah¶s will and His Will is based on His infinite wisdom It¶s a test for us. Allah wants to test us He will come when the people are ready for him: -History tells us that people were never ready -People killed the Prophets and the Imams -When people will realize that they need a divinely appointed leader -When he has 313 top virtuous helpers & 40.

This is a perfect example . Isn't it shameful that he (AS) should be born to a slave-girl? Prophet Abraham¶s (AS) wife Hagar was a bondwoman Prophet Ismael (AS) the son of Hagar Prophet Muhammed (SAWA) was a direct descendant of Ismael(AS) Why should it be shameful for Imam Mahdi (AS) when our Prophet (SAWA) was a descendant of Ismael (AS) who was the son of a bondwoman Aren¶t slaves human? In Islam. Piety carries more weight than cast race creed or color.Another frequently asked question:        Question 5 : The Shia¶s say that the mother of Imam Mahdi(AS) was a bondwoman.

" (Quran 32:24) "O' you who have faith! Obey Allah and Obey the Apostle and those vested with authority among you´ (Quran 4:59)  Who are those Imams whom Allah gave them authority and are to be obeyed beside the Prophet? ." (Quran 21:73) And amongst them We appointed Imams who guide by Our command when they had been patient and had convictions in Our signs. guiding by Our command and We revealed to them the performance of good deeds.What is Imamat?     Imam is a human and has authority over other humans by the permission of Allah SWT "And We made them Imams.

The Sunni commentators say that µGuide¶ here is Ali (AS) . by Fakhr al-Razi. . p72. section 1. and then follows guidance [20:82]". becomes faithful and acts righteously. and for every community there exists a Guide. under verse 13:7 of Quran .  "(O' Muhammad!) You are but a Warner. -Ibn Hajar mentioned that it is narrated from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (AS) as well as Thabit al-Lubnani that. 11. v13.Tafsir al-Kabir. on the commentary of verse 13:7 . p235).Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor. Ch. the end of verse refers to the Wilayah of the Ahlul-Bayt. by al-Suyuti. by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami.More on the issue of Imamat  "Indeed I am all Forgiver toward him who repents." (al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah." (Quran 13:7).Tafsir al-Tabari.

Guide for the community?       As per verse 13:7 there is a guide for each community Who is the guide today? Its Imam Mahdi (AS) If he is in occultation. Soldiers lose morale  . Example of a battle without a commander. how do we benefit? Imam (AS) wrote while in minor occultaion: " As to the benefit of my existence in occultation. it is like the benefit of the sun behind the clouds where the eyes do not see it´.

and if the stars go away (i. the inhabitants of the earth will be destroyed. the inhabitants of the heavens will be destroyed. become non-existent).Nucleus of the earth  Shia belief that µProof of Allah¶ should always exist on earth Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and many others narrated: The Messenger of Allah said: "The stars are amnesty for the inhabitants of the heavens. And my Ahlul-Bayt are amnesty for the inhabitants of the earth..Proof (Hujjat) of Allah . and if my Ahlul-Bayt go away (i.e.."  .e. all die).

healed The miracles of Moses (AS) Solomon (AS) talked to birds. ants Throne of Queen of Sheba brought in a blink .Incredible? Its possible by Allah¶s leave« lets look at Quran         The story of Uzeir (Ezra) (AS) (Surah Baqarah 2:259) The story of Abraham (AS) (Surah Anbiya 21:68) Chopped up birds came back flying (Surah 2:260) Miraculous birth Jesus (AS) How Jesus (AS) brought dead to life.

More «. All by Allah¶s leave         People of the cave . is still alive Noah (AS) lived more than 950 years Jacob (AS) regains his eyesight Jonah (AS) in a whale¶s tummy for number of days The story of King Abraha and the elephants Adam(AS) and Eve (AS) had no father nor mother Satan the accursed is still alive and kicking .Given life again after 309 years Khidr (AS) was at the time of Moses (AS) .

that he (AS) brings something new Its due to the Pseudo scholars Will reject all the innovations Will bring a divine Tafsir of Holy Quran Will revive the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAWA) .        Imam Mahdi (AS) will not bring a new religion He does not change any regulations It will seem to some.What next..

Are we ready for him? Our duties «  Ready for him: -Are we performing our wajibat «at least? -Are we going to accept him? -Are we ready to do whatever he asks us to?  Our duties: -Make ourselves presentable -Know that he is amongst us -Live like the way Allah (swt) wants us to .

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