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Power System of Pakistan

By:
Salman Shahzad (NTDC)
Rashid Shahzad (WAPDA)
Khizar Abbas (NTDC)
Sardar Sb (MEPCO)
Kiran Fatima (NTDC)
POWER SECTOR REFORMS UNBUNDLING & RESTRUCTURING OF WAPDA

WAPDA

POWER WING Finance &


WATER WING
Common Services

WAPDA GENCOs
GENERATION
( Hydro ) ( Thermal )

TRANSMISSION NTDC
500/220 kV

DISTRIBUTION

CUSTOMERS
DISCOs

. . . TRANSFORMING THESE ORGANIZATIONAL COMPONENTS


INTO INDEPENDENT CORPORATE ENTITIES
GENERATION CAPACITY (MW)
Total Installed Capacity
1. Hydro
WAPDA 6,902
IPPs (Hydel) 345
Sub-Total 7,247
2. Thermal (GENCOs)
GENCO-I 1,074
GENCO-II 1,612
GENCO-III 2,151
GENCO-IV 150
Sub-Total 4,837
3. IPPs
IPPs ( Fossil Fuels) 14,683
IPPs (Nuclear) 1,321
IPPs (Wind) 788
IPPs ( Solar) 400
IPPs (Bagasse) 281
Sub-Total 17,473
Grand Total
* Data Compiled by National Power Control Centre (NPCC) Islamabad. Dated19.12.2017
29,557*

5
ENERGY MIX AND FUEL-WISE COST OF GENERATION(PEPCO Report 2015-16)
Energy Mix Generation Cost
(%) (Rs. Per KWh)
Hydel 33.9 2.15
Coal 0.1 12.08
High Speed Diesel 1.4 17.96
Residual Furnace Oil 29.9 11.05
Gas 28.2 9.07
Nuclear 3.8 6.86
Import from Iran 0.5 10.55
Small Power Producers 0.2 9.02
Wind 0.8 16.63
Bagasse 0.5 11.95
Solar 0.2 16.95
Regasified Liquefied Natural Gas 0.5 11.27
100 7.47
ADDITION OF GENERATION (MW) IN 2017 & 8
Type Year 2017 Year 2018

Imported LNG 3,560 -

Gas 335 -

Nuclear 315 -

Imported Coal 1,980 660

Hydro 198.8 2,511

Wind 148 249

Bagasse 139 47

Solar 24 -

TOTAL 6,700 3,467


8 R.SARAVANAN, PGET, L&T UAE
HYDROPOWER
INDUS CASCADE PAKISTAN’S MOST PRECIOUS ASSET

Indus Enters Pakistan at Altitude 8,430 ft

Shyok 640 MW
Skardu 1,600 MW
Tungus 2,200 MW
Yulbo 2,800 MW
Bunji 7,100 MW
Basha 4,500 MW
Dropof Dasu 4,320 MW
7,030
feet Pattan 2,400 MW
Thakot 3,800 MW

40,700 MW Tarbela/GB 7,748MW


3,600
Kalabagh MW
Altitude 1,400 ft
Multiple Sites along this 500 KM stretch
WATER WAY INSTALLED YEAR OF
STATION
(River/Canal) CAPACITY (MW) COMMISSIONING

TARBELA INDUS 3,478 1977 - 1993

GHAZI
INDUS 1,450 2003 - 2004
BAROTHA

MANGLA JHELUM 1,000 1967 - 1994

WARSAK KABUL 242.96 1977 , 1981

CHASHMA INDUS 184 2000 - 2001

DUBER KHWAR 130 2014


Tributaries
ALLAI KHWAR Of INDUS River 121 2013
KHAN KHWAR 72 2010 - 2012
WATER WAY INSTALLED YEAR OF
STATION
(River/Canal) CAPACITY (MW) COMMISSIONING

JINNAH INDUS 96 2012 - 2013


JABBAN Upper Swat 22 Jul-Dec 2013
RASUL Upper Jhehlum 22 Jul. 1952
DARGAI Upper Swat 20 Dec. 1952
GOMAL ZAM Gomal 17.4 Jan 2014
NANDIPUR Upper Chenab 13.8 Mar. 1963
SHADIWAL Upper Jhehlum 13.5 Jan. 1961
CHICHOKI Upper Chenab 13.2 Aug. 1959
K/GARHI KURRAM 4 Feb. 1958
RENALA Lower Bari Doab 1.1 Mar. 1925
CHITRAL LUTKO 0.6+0.4=1 1975 & 1982
TOTAL 6,902 MW
SUMMARY OF HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL (OTHER THAN INDUS RIVER)
Sr. No. River/Tributary Power (MW)

A Hydropower Projects above 50 MW


1 Jhelum River 4,341
2 Kunhar River 1,455
3 Neelum River & its Tributraries 1,769
4 Poonch River 462
SubTotal (1-4) 8,027
5 Swat River & its Tributaries 2,297
6 Chitral River & its Tributaries 2,285
Sub Total (5-6) 4,582
Total A 12,609
B Hydropower Projects below 50 MW
1 On Tributaries 1,591
2 On Canals 674
Total B 2,265
Total (A+B) 14,874
WAPDA PROJECTS UNDER EXECUTION

Expected Date of
Name of Project Power MW
Completion

Neelum-Jhelum 969 February 2018

Tarbela 4th Ext 1,410 February 2018

Golen Gol 108 May 2018

Kurram Tangi (Stage-I) 18.9 April 2019

Keyal Khwar 128 August 2020

Dasu (Stage-I) 2,160 September 2022

TOTAL: 4,792
REHABILITATION/UP-GRADATION OF EXISTING HYDEL STATIONS

Following Rehabilitation/Upgradation Schemes


of old Small Hydel Power Station are in approval stage:

 Mangla Refurbishment Project (1000 to 1310 MW).


 Warsak 2nd Rehabilitation Project
 Chitral Hydel Power Station (1 to 5 MW)
 Renala Hydel Power Station (1.1 to 4.4 MW).
 Kurram Garhi Power Station (4 to 5 MW).
 Dargai Hydel Power Station (18 to 22 MW).

16
PROJECTS READY FOR CONSTRUCTION
Live
Construction
Storage Power Project Cost
Name of Project period
Capacity MW Rs. Billion (Years)
MAF
Diamer Basha Dam 6.4 4,500 1,400 9
Mohmand Dam 0.68 800 291 7
Bunji HPP RoR 7,100 1,328 9
Tarbela 5th Ext RoR 1,410 81 5
Dasu (Stage-II) RoR 2,160 189 4
Kurram Tangi (Stage-
0.9 64.5 75 4
II)
Harpo HPP RoR 34.5 9 4
Total 16,069
Future Projects
Power Construction
Name of Project Live Storage
MW Period

Lower PalasValley 665 RoR 5 years

Lower Spat Gah 496 RoR 5 years

Pattan HPP 2,400 RoR 6 years

Thakot HPP 4,000 RoR 6 years


Phandar HPP 80 RoR 4 years
Basho HPP 40 RoR 5 years
Total 7,681
THERMAL GENCOs.
THERMAL GENCO’s
Name of Plant Installed Capacity (MW) Commissioning Date
GENCO-I
JAMSHORO 850
1990-1991

KOTRI 174
1969-1994

LAKHRA 50
1995-1996

TOTAL GENCO-I 1,074

GENCO-II
GUDDU 1,577
1974-2014
QUETTA 35 1984
TOTAL GENCO-II 1,612
GENCO-III
M/GARH 1,350 1993-1999
GTPS FBD 244 1975-1994
SPS FBD 132 1967
NANDI PUR 425 2014-2015
TOTAL GENCO-III 2,151
TOTAL GENCO's. 4,837
Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
IPPs FOSSIL FUELS
Name of Plant Installed Capacity (MW) Commissioning Date
KAPCO 1,601 1987-1997
HUBCO 1,292 1996-1997
KOHINOOR (KEL) 131 1997
AES LALPIR 362 1997
AES PAKGEN 365 1998
HABIBULLAH Coastal (HCPC) 129 1999
UCH 552 2000
ROUSCH 450 1999
FKPCL 157 2000
SABA POWER 136 1999
LIBERTY POWER 235 2001
AEL 31 2001
DAVIS 13 2013
ATTOCK GEN. LTD (AGL) 156 2009
ATLAS POWER 214 2009
ENGRO 213 2010
SAIF 225 2010
OREINT 204 2010
Cont……
Name of Plant Installed Capacity (MW) Commissioning Date

NISHAT POWER 200 2010

NISHAT CHUNIAN 200 2010

FOUNDATION 184 2011

SAPPHIRE 207 2010

LIBERTY TECH. 196 2010

HUBCO NAROWAL 225 2011

HALMORE 225 2010

UCH-II 375 2014

BHIKI 1,156 2017

SAHIWAL COAL 1,320 2017

H-B-SHAH 1,230 2017

RESHMA POWER 97 2017

GULF POWER 84 2017

BALLOKI 1,198 2017

PORT QASIM COAL 1,320 2017

TOTAL IPPs FOSSIL FUEL 14,683


IPP’s HYDEL
Name of Plant Installed Commissioning
Capacity (MW) Date
JAGRAN 30 2000
MALAKAND - III 81 2008
NEW BONG 2013
ESCAPE 84
PATRIND 150 2016-17

TOTAL 345
IPP‘s BAGASSE
Name of Plant Installed Commissioning
Capacity Date
(MW)
JDW-II 26 2014
JDW-III 27 2014
2015
RYKML 30
CHINIOT POWER 63 2016
2017
FATIMA ENERGY (FEL) 120
2017
HAMZA SUGAR 15

TOTAL BAGASSE 281


IPP’s SOLAR

Name of Plant Installed Commissioning


Capacity Date
(MW)
QUAID AZAM SOLAR 100 2016
APPOLO SOLAR 100 2016
-
BEST GREEN SOLAR 100
CREST ENERGY SOLAR 100 -

TOTAL SOLAR. 400


IPP’s NUCLEAR
Name of Plant Installed Commissioning
Capacity Date
(MW)
2000
CHASHNUPP - I 301
2011
CHASHNUPP-II 340
2016
CHUASHNUPP-III 340
2017
CHUASHNUPP-IV 340

TOTAL NUCLEAR 1,321


IPP’s WIND
Name of Plant Installed Capacity (MW) Commissioning Date
FFCEL WIND 50 2013

ZEPL WIND 56 2014

TGF WIND 50 2015

FWEL-I WIND 50 2015

FWEL-II WIND 50 2015

SAPPHIRE WIND 50 2016

METRO WIND (MPCL) 50 2016

YOUNIS WIND 50 2016

TAPAL WIND(TWEPL) 30 2016

MASTER WIND (MWEL) 53 2016

TENAGA WIND 50 2016

GUL AHMED WIND 50 2016

DAWOOD WIND 50 2017

SACHAL WIND 50 2017

UEP WIND POWER 99 2017

TOTAL WIND 788


National Transmission & Dispatch Company
Limited (NTDCL)
NTDCL SYSTEM HISTORICAL SURPLUS / DEFICIT
Transmission Voltage and Technology in Power Grid
System of Pakistan

 500 kV & 220 kV: Used in the existing and future expansion of
NTDCL system.
 220 kV is used in the existing and future expansion of K-Electric
system.
 132 kV & 66 kV : Used in existing system and future expansion of
Distribution. Companies and K-Electric. 66 kV system will be
gradually upgraded to 132 kV
HVDC Voltage for Future Grid Expansion:

 600 kV: Proposed for South to mid-country bulk power transfer.


 500 kV: Proposed for Cross-border Interconnections.
National Grid System

NTDC 500/220KV
Grid system in
Southern areas.
NTDC Regions
 Lahore Region
 Multan Region
 Islamabad Region
 Hyderabad Region
Inter Connection Between NTDC and KESC
NTDCL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM - EXISTING AND FUTURE PLAN
Planned and Under Consideration HVDC Projects

Domestic Projects
1. ±600kV HVDC Bipole Transmission line (Matiari - Lahore)
2. ±600kV HVDC Bipole Transmission line (Port Qasim – Faisalabad West)
Cross-border Interconnections
1. Import of Power from Tajikistan/Kyrgyzistan through Afghanistan
(CASA- 1000 Project)
2. Import of Power from Iran
3. Import of Power from India
Power System Distribution
COMPANIES LOCATION OF HEAD CUSTOMERS Areas electricity distribution
QUARTERS according to
customers

Peshawar Electric Located in the city of over 2.6 million about 74,521 sq. km. about 13 %
Supply Company Peshawar consumers of the electricity
(PESCO distribution
Islamabad Electric Located in the city of over 2 million
Supply Company Islamabad about 23,160 sq. km. 10%
registered
(IESCO) customers
Gujranwala Electric Located in the city of over 2.4 million about 17,207 sq. km about 12.5%
Power Company Gujranwala registered customers
(GEPCO)
Lahore Electric Supply Located in the city of about 3 million 19,064 sq. km
Company Lahore customers About 16%
(LESCO)
Faisalabad Located in the city of about 2.93 million 44,247 square
Electric Supply Faislabad customers kilometers About 15%
Company
(FESCO)
Multan Electric Power Located in the city of
Company (MEPCO) Multan more than 4 million about 105,505 sq. km. About 22%
connected customers

Quetta Electric Supply Located in the city of about 2.5%


Company (QESCO) Quetta More than 1 million about 334,616 sq. km
customers

Hyderabad Electric Located in the city of about 1.45 million about 137,387 sq. km about 8%
Supply Company Hyderabad customers
Bifurcation of PESCO and HESCO
 In 2010 the distribution company SEPCO (Sukkur Electric
Power Company) has been formed by bifurcating HESCO
(modified) so that the areas of operation that were entirely
under the jurisdiction of HESCO have now been divided
between the two DISCOs.
 TESCO has been created on 5th August 2004 as a
corporatized entity under PEPCO as one of the steps taken
towards vertical disintegration of the power sector of
Pakistan.
MEPCO
Overview
 Multan Electric Power Company Limited (MEPCO) is a
public limited company incorporated on May 14,1998 in
line with Government policy of unbundling and
corporatization of Pakistan power sector.
 MEPCO is the largest power distribution company in the
country operating exclusively in 13 administrative
districts of southern Punjab i.e. Multan, Muzaffargarh,
Layyah, D.G.Khan, Rajanpur, Lodhran, Bahawalpur,
R.Y.Khan, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Pakpattan, Vehari and
Bahawalnaga
TECHNICAL OVERVIEW

GENERAL
Customers 5.701 Millions

Employees (Sanctioned) 24,854 Nos.

No. of Consumer per Employee 188 Nos.

Service Area 1,05,505 Sq Km

Population 33.71 Million Person

Density Factor 319 Person/ Km


GRID SYSTEM
 There are 63 132kV Grid Stations in MEPCO
 There are 11 66kV Grid Stations in MEPCO
 MEPCO is trying to upgrade the existing 66kV Grids to 132
kV grids
 Up gradation will improve the voltage profile and meet the
increasing load in the jurisdiction of MEPCO
GRID SYSTEM

GRIDS 74 Nos.

282 Nos.
Power Transformers
7,472 MVA

Transmission Line (132 KV) 3,538 Km

Transmission Line (66 KV) 977 Km


DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

No. of Distribution Transformers 1,56,460 Nos.

No. of Feeders 1,241 Nos.

H.T. Line 72,899 Km

L.T. Line 47,723 Km

Av. Length of line of feeder 58.74 Km