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DISASTER

DEFINITION

DISASTER:
Sudden or great misfortune.

KINDS

A. TERRESTIAL
1. Solar Storm
2. Earth Collision with Asteroids,
Comets, etc.

B . N AT U R A L
1. Meteorological
2 . Te c t o n i c
3 . Vo l c a n i c

B) MAN MADE
1. Strife
2. Environmental

. TERRESTIAL 1. Comets. the effect will be cataclysmic. etc. 2. Disaster are for only small collision. Earth Collision with Asteroids.A. Solar Storms: Electro-magnetic storm coming from sun flares. For city size asteroid collision.

METEOROLOGICAL a .etc. Ty p h o o n ( C y c l o n e . Others. Land slides such as Mud slides & Rock slides f. H u r r i c a n e ) b. Storm Surge c . such as sand storms (in desert areas) . To r n a d o d.B. flash floods & long duration floods e. . NATURAL 1. Floods such. Bush Fires g.

etc.B. TECTONIC a. Earthquake Ts u n a m i Structure Collapse Soil Liquefaction Large Ground Displacement Sink Holes Fires Land Slides. . NATURAL 2.

VOLCANIC a. Explosion Eruption Lava Flow Pyroclastic Flow Land Slides. etc.B. NATURAL 3. .

Te r r o r i s m . Climate Change b. E N V I R O N M E N TA L a. MAN MADE 1.C. Disrupted Ecological Balance c . 2 . L i q u i d Wa s t e d . STRIFE a . Others . e t c . Wa r b . S o l i d Wa s t e e.

10121 AN ACT STRENGTHENING THE PHILIPPINE DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. Title.This Act shall be known as the ''Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010". APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES SECTION 1. PROVIDING FOR THE NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONALIZING THE NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT PLAN. .GOVERNING LAW REPUBLIC ACT No. .

injury. destruction of assets. economic or environmental losses and impacts. 10121 A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human. . together with damage to property. Disasters are often described as a result of the combination of : the exposure to a hazard. loss of services. social and economic disruption and environmental degradation. and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce or cope with the potential negative consequences. material.DISASTER DEFINITION – RA No. which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. the conditions of vulnerability that are present. physical. Disaster impacts may include loss of life. mental and social well-being. disease and other negative effects on human.

GOVERNING BODY NDRRMC National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council or the National Council. Chairperson: DND Secretary Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness: DILG Secretary Vice Chairperson for Disaster Response: DSWD Secretary Vice Chairperson for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation: DOST Secretary Vice Chairperson for Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery: NEDA Director General .

(j) DPWH Secretary (q) CHED Chairman .GOVERNING BODY NDRRMC The National Council's members shall be the ff. (g) DTI Secretary (p) Secretary of the Office of the Presidential (h) DOTC Secretary Adviser on the Peace (i) DBM Secretary Process (OPAPP). (a) DOH Secretary (k) DFA Secretary (b) DENR Secretary (l) DOJ Secretary (c) DA Secretary (m) DOLE Secretary (d) DepED Secretary (n) DOT Secretary (e) DOE Secretary (0) The Executive (I) DOF Secretary Secretary.

National (s) Chief. (u) Secretary General. AFP (w) Chairperson.GOVERNING BODY NDRRMC The National Council's members continued: (r) Chief of Staff. Housing PNRC and Urban Development (v) Commissioner of the Coordinating Council National Anti-Poverty (HUDCC). of Filipino Women. (x) Chairperson. PNP Commission on the Role (t) The Press Secretary. . Commission-Victims of (y) Executive Director of Disasters and Calamities the Climate Change Office Sector (NAPCVDC). of the Climate Change Commission.

.GOVERNING BODY NDRRMC The National Council's members continued: (z) President. Authorities of the (ff) President of the Philippines (ULAP). SSS League of Provinces of bb) President. GSIS (dd) President of the (aa) President. League of Municipalities of the Philippines (LMP). (gg) President of the Liga ng Mga Barangay (LMB). PhilHealth the Philippines (LPP). Corporation (ee) President of the (cc) President of the League of Cities of the Union of Local Philippines (LCP).

GOVERNING BODY NDRRMC The National Council's members continued: (hh) Four (4) • The representatives representatives from the from the CSOs and the CSOs. . private sector shall be (ii) One (1) representative selected from among from the private sector. set for this purpose by the National Council. their respective ranks and based on the criteria (ji) Administrator of the and mechanisms to be OCD.

. from the CSOs and the and private sector shall be (ji) Administrator of the selected from among OCD.GOVERNING BODY NDRRMC The National Council's members continued: (ii) One (1) representative • The representatives from the private sector. their respective ranks based on the criteria and mechanisms to be set for this purpose by the National Council.

health status. which could occur. assets and services. livelihood. .DISASTER RISK The potential disaster losses in lives.

lessened vulnerability of people and property.DISASTER RISK REDUCTION The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters. wise management of land and the environment. . including through reduced exposures to hazards. and improved preparedness for adverse events.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT The systematic process of using administrative directives. organizations. and operational skills and capacities to implement strategies. . especially if risk reduction policies are not put in place. policies and improved coping capacities in order to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the possibility of disaster. Prospective disaster risk reduction and management refers to risk reduction and management activities that address and seek to avoid the development of new or increased disaster risks.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM A specialized database which contains. information on disasters and their human material. economic and environmental impact. . among others. risk assessment and mapping and vulnerable groups.

DISASTER MITIGATION The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. . Mitigation measures encompass engineering techniques and hazard-resistant construction as well as improved environmental policies and public awareness.

Preparedness action is carried out within the context of disaster risk reduction and management and aims to build the capacities needed to efficiently manage all types of emergencies and achieve orderly transitions from response to sustained recovery. the Impacts of likely. communities and individuals to effectively anticipate. respond to. professional response and recovery organizations. and recover from. imminent or current hazard events or conditions. .DISASTER PREPAREDNESS The knowledge and capacities developed by governments.

. It expresses the concept and intention to completely avoid potential adverse impacts through action taken in advance such as construction of dams or embankments that eliminate flood risks.DISASTER PREVENTION The outright avoidance of adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. and seismic engineering designs that ensure the survival and function of a critical building in any likely earthquake. land-use regulations that do not permit any settlement in high-risk zones.

ensure public safety and meet the basic subsistence needs of the people affected. . Disaster response is predominantly focused on immediate and short-term needs and is sometimes called "disaster relief'.DISASTER RESPONSE The provision of emergency services and public assistance during or immediately after a disaster in order to save lives. reduce health impacts.

a process of disaster risk reduction and management in which at risk communities are actively engaged in the identification. . monitoring and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their capacities. treatment. "CBDRRM" "Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Management" . analysis. and where the people are at the heart of decision- making and implementation of disaster risk reduction and management activities.

. and evaluate the activities of the LDRRMCs.REGIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION The Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (RDRRMCs) shall coordinate. integrate. supervise. The RDRRMCs shall establish an operating facility to be known as the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Operations Center (RDRRMOC) whenever necessary. The RDRRMC shall be responsible in ensuring disaster sensitive regional development plans. and in case of emergencies shall convene the different regional line agencies and concerned institutions and authorities.

In the case of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The existing regional offices of the OCD shall serve as secretariat of the RDRRMCs. the DOST.REGIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION RDRRMC Regional Chairpersons: Director of the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) Vice Chairpersons: Regional Directors of the DSWD. and the NEDA. . The RDRRMCs shall be composed of the executives of regional offices and field stations at the regional level of the government agencies. the DILG. the Regional Governor shall be the RDRRMC Chairperson.

. and Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils. The Barangay Disaster Coordinating Councils shall cease to exist and its powers and functions shall henceforth be assumed by the existing Barangay Development Councils (BDCs) which shall serve as the LDRRMCs m every barangay. ORGANIZATION AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL LDRRMCs The existing Provincial. City. City. and Municipal Disaster Coordinating Councils shall henceforth be known as the Provincial.

member. ORGANIZATION AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL LDRRMCs (a) Composition: The LDRRMC shall be composed of. member. . member. (4) The Head of the Local Social Welfare and Development Office. (2) The Local Planning and Development Officer. member. the following: (1) The Local Chief Executives. member. (6) The Head of the Local Agriculture Office. but not limited to. Chairperson. (5) The Head of the Local Health Office. (3) The Head of the LDRRMC.

(9) The Head of the Local Veterinary Office. (10) The Head of the Local Budget Office. (8) The Head of the Local Engineering Office. (11) The Division Head/Superintendent of Schools of the DepED. member. member. (12) The highest-ranking officer of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) assigned in the area. member. member. member. . ORGANIZATION AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL LDRRMCs (7) The Head of the Gender and Development Office. member.

(15) The President of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC). member. member. and (18) One (1) private sector representative. (14) The Provincial Director/City/ Municipal Fire Marshall of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP). (16) The Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC). member. (17) Four (4) accredited CSOs. ORGANIZATION AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL LDRRMCs (13) The Provincial Director/City/Municipal Chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP). members. . member. member.

SOCIAL AND E C O N O M I C C O N S I D E R AT I O N S PRE. DURING DISASTER POST DISASTER DISASTER ACTION MITIGATION RESPONSE RELEIF REHABILITA- TION COST CHEAP EXPENSIVE VERY ENOURMOUSLY EXPENSIVE EXPENSIVE .

DISASTER PLANNING LEVELS 1) FA M I LY 2) B A R A N G AY 3) M U N I C I PA L / C I T Y 4) PROVINCIAL 5) REGIONAL 5) N AT I O N A L .

BASIC VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS DISASTER LOW MEDIUM HIGH RESPONSE EARTHQUAKE TSUNAMI LANDSLIDE STORM SURGE FLASH FLOODS BUSH FIRE WAR .

. include Disaster as a subject in the schools from nursery to the doctoral level so that disaster awareness will be pat of our existence. 2) As CEs should concentrate of t h e M I T I G AT I O N A S P E C T O F DISASTER.RECOMMENATION 1) In general.

Paper Presentor: VALENTINO M. MANGILA CIVIL ENGINEER PRC 0023623. Issued 11-21-1991 . Issued 01-12-2017 TIN 114-350-925. Valid until 07-22-2000 PTR 1410872.