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Sound Proofing

• Soundproofing is any means of reducing the
sound pressure with respect to a specified sound
source and receptor.
• There are several basic approaches to reducing
sound
– increasing the distance between source and receiver,
using noise barriers
– to reflect or absorb the energy of the sound waves,
using damping structures
– or using active antinoise sound generators.

• However. one can considerably reduce the damages caused by this excessive noise . by installing appropriate noise control materials at the site. productivity and concentration but also can badly disturb people living in the vicinity of the facility. • Also such extreme and high intensity noise increase fatigue. shorten the attention span and can also result in permanent hearing damage. Need • High level noises generated out of machines and other industrial equipment not only affects the employees’ morale.

INDOOR NOISES • These noise have their source of origin inside the room or building.moving machinery in the neighborhood or in adjacent buildings. airplanes . • Noise from their origin point of view is of the following two types. loud speakers . OUTDOOR NOISES • These noise have source of origin outside the room or buildings such as road traffic.NOISE AND ITS TYPES: • Noise is defined as unwanted sound and may be due to frequency of sound or intensity of sound or both.cisterns. working of typewriters. such as conservation of the occupants . . in water closets .lifts . railways . playing of radios. gramophones.

ceilings or floors or an enclosure or through air. . •Through air . TRANSMISSION OF sound • Any noise whether of outdoor or indoor origin is transmitted through the walls .frames . •By the vibration of structure members. • The noise is transmitted in the following ways .

window . through the openings such a door . . keyholes etc. • Air borne noises or sound is one which is generated in the air and is transmitted the air directly to the human ear .• Sound transmitted when a surface is set into vibration by the alternating air pressure of incident sound waves. • This type of sound travels from one part of the building to anther or from outside of the building to inside . ventilators .

. As by vibrating equipment or footstep.drilling .operating machinery etc. • The most common sources of this type of sound are foot steps . • Structure borne noises or sounds are those that originate and progress in the buildings structure. • These sounds or noises may be caused due to structural vibrations due to any activity at around above or below the structure. hammering .• Sound transmitted through the solid media of building’s structure as a result of a direct physical contact of impact.

.• The levels of desired sound insulation for different types of building and between the individual rooms or apartment of a building can be achieved by the following constructional measures of noise control and sound insulation.

Simple fiberglass insulation will absorb some of this. Decoupling – sound is nothing more than a vibration. the vibrating air cavity will still transmit some sound through the wall between the wall studs. we decouple the pathway. 4 Elements of Soundproofing 1. The vibration will travel easily if there is a nice solid direct pathway to follow. Absorption – even though the wall framing is decoupled. . and the sound vibration stops . 2.

the insulation and the decoupling easier and much more effective . If we could reduce the drywall from vibrating in the first place. it has to actually move the wall ever so slightly.4. Damping – The last element for soundproofing.Add Mass For sound to conduct through a wall. it would make the jobs of the mass. A heavy wall is harder to move than a lighter wall • 5.

plaster boards . •This consist of two leaves of DOUBLE LEAFED CAVITY WALL.plywood etc fixed on studs INSULATE IN GAP OR GLASS QUILT with an air space in between COKE BREEZE CONCRETE FLOORING CARPET OR LINOLEUM FLOOR FINISH the air space of about 10 to 12 is kept between the leaves of wall and staggered wooden SAND studs are provided as RCC FLOOR supports.• It is established that a cavity wall or double wall construction is better for sound insulation than a solid wall construction .such as metal lath and plaster CELOLUX OR ACOUSTEX INSULATING BOARD foreboards .EACH LEAF10CM THICK BRICK MASONARY wall made of light material . • A composite partition of cavity wall type construction by filling the cavity or leaving the air space with some resilient material is best for increasing insulation value or sound proofing rooms . FOUNDATION WALL .

• These floors and ceiling are required to act as horizontal barriers in the transmission o both air borne and impact sounds or noises . • In most of cases where the ceilings and floors construction is of solid type like r. • This objective can be met by the following constructional measures. – Use of resilient surface material on floors – In this method over the massive and rigid construction of floors slabs . asphalt mastic and carpet etc are employed.c.c floors they offer adequate insulation against air borne sounds because of rigid and heavy construction but offer poor insulation for structure borne or impact sounds .cork.a surface layer of resilient materials such as linoleum insulation boards . .

hair felt .rubber etc.quilt. • To achieve this an additional floating floor is made to rest or float over the existing floor by means of a resilient like glass wool .cork . .• The principal underlying the construction of a floating floor is its insulation from any other part of structure. so that impact sounds and consequent vibration are not transmitted to the room below it also improves insulation against air borne sounds. • Floating floor construction can be adopted for both concrete as well as wooden floor and is described below.

Any sheets that have damping compound between them should then be screwed together . you can use thicker sheets of medium-density fiberboard (MDF) or oriented strand board (OSB). if the subfloor is not thick or if total thickness is not a concern and you want the extra mass for more sound isolation. Green Glue Noise proofing Compound can often be applied directly onto the existing subfloor layer. Damping Compound: The damping compound .

They provide a frame to which drywall can be attached. . These are lightweight metal channels that separate wall and ceiling surfaces.. preventing airborne and impact noise from traveling through them.• There are two main methods of soundproofing a ceiling. – Hat channels.

USE OF SUSPEVDED CEILING WITH AIR SPACE • In this construction . • The construction offer good insulation against both the air borne as well as the structure borne sound . acoustic clips etc with an air space in between .a false independent ceiling is connected below the solid or wooden floor by means of metal hanger .

.sound insulation of single window is improved by making them as air tight as possible by filling the air space at the edges of such panels with sound absorbing material .the sound insulation can further be improved by packing the sound absorbing material in the space between the jamb and frame .the transmission loss or sound reduction increase with the increase in weight .• In case of window . • In case of door .