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TREATMENTS AND PREVENTIONS

OF DIARRHEA DISEASE FOR CHILD

CLASS 3 REGULER C . GROUP 1 • ANISAH ROBIYATUN • AYU FITRY FEBRILIA • NADIA NUR LATIFA • NURUL ILMI UTAMI • SYIFA NUR’AMALIA S.

DEFINITION Having three or more loose or liquid stools per day. or as having more stools than is normal for that person. .

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That can cause serious complications if it's not treated. you could become dehydrated. SYMPTHOMS You may have: More serious symptoms include:  Bloating in your belly  Cramps  Blood or mucus in your stool  Thin or loose stools  Weight loss  Fever  Watery stools  An urgent feeling that you need If you have watery stools more than to have a bowel movement three times a day and you're not  Nausea and throwing up drinking enough fluids. .

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tarry stools  A fever that is high (above 101 F) or that lasts more than 24 hours  Diarrhea lasting longer than 2 days  Nausea or throwing up that prevents you from drinking liquids to replace lost fluids  Severe pain in your abdomen or rectum  Diarrhea after coming back from a foreign country . When You Should Call the Doctor… Call your doctor immediately if you have:  Blood in your diarrhea or black.

Also. call your doctor right away if you have diarrhea and any of these signs of dehydration:  Dark urine  Smaller than usual amounts of urine or fewer wet diapers than usual in a child  Rapid heart rate  Headaches  Dry skin  Irritability  Confusion .

irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common cause of functional diarrhea. CAUSES OF DIARRHEA Most cases of diarrhea are caused by an infection in the gastrointestinal tract. and Escherichia coli. . The microbes responsible for this infection include:  Bacteria  Viruses  Parasitic organisms The most commonly identified causes of acute diarrhea in the United States are the bacteria Salmonella. constipation. Some cases of chronic diarrhea are called "functional" because a clear cause cannot be found. There is cramping abdominal pain and altered bowel habits . Shigella. Campylobacter. or both. IBS is a complex of symptoms.diarrhea. In the developed world.

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TREATMENT • Rehydration • Feeding zinc supplements • Consulting a health worker if there are signs of dehydration .

Pharmacologic Therapy 1. Enzymes 6. Adsorbents 3. Antibiotics 5. Intestinal mircoflora . Antimotility agents 2. Antisecretory compounds 4.

Before eating c. Before and after touching food b. After using the toilet d. PREVENTION • Cooked food should be clean • Wash fruits and vegetables • Wash your hands a. When around children .