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Safety in Numbers: The Development of

Leapfrog’s Composite Patient Safety Score


for U.S. Hospitals
OLEH:
Syahidatul Kautsar
20171030040
▰J. Matthew Austin, PhD,* Guy D’Andrea, MBA,Þ John D. Birkmeyer, MD,þ
Lucian L. Leape, MD,§
▰Arnold Milstein, MD,|| Peter J. Pronovost, MD, PhD,¶ Patrick S. Romano, MD,**
▰Sara J. Singer, MBA, PhD,ÞÞ Timothy J. Vogus, PhD,þþ and Robert M.
Wachter, MD§§

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The abstract 3
YES

Is there an
abstract? 4
YES

Does it provide a
concise overview
of the research? 5
Does it identify the
research problem? YES
6
YES

Does it outline the


methods used, main
findings and
recommendations? 7
2
The introduction and
literature review 8
YES

Is the problem clearly


identified? Is a rationale
given for the research? 9
9/25 literature berasal kurang dari
tahun 2009

Jurnal dibuat th 2014

Is the literature
up to date? 10
YES

Is the literature
relevant to the
research? 11
YES

Does the literature


present a balanced
view? 12
Does the literature
identify a need for the
research proposed? YES
13
NO

Are there any gaps


in the topics of the
literature reviewed? 14
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Methodology 15
QUANTITATIVE

Are the methods


consistent with
qualitative or quantitative
research? 16
YES

Is the approach
clearly stated? 17
YES

Are the methods


clearly explained
and justified? 18
YES

Are important details


provided, so that the research
could be replicated by
someone else? 19
YES

Are details of data collection


clearly described and justified? NO
Are any ethical considerations
described and explained? 20
4
Result/finding 21
Are the results
presented clearly
and consistently? 22
Are any graphs or tables
clearly presented and
coherent? 23
Is sufficient detail
provided? Are any gaps in
the data-gathering
accounted for? NO
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5
Analysis/discussion 25
Is the discussion
and analysis
balanced? 26
Are the strengths and
weaknesses of the
study acknowledged? 27
YES

Does the discussion


refer back to points
raised in the lit review? 28
6
CONCLUSION 29
Are the conclusions
supported by the results?
Are the implications of
the study identified? 30
7
RECOMMENDA
TION 31
Do the recommendations
outline areas of possible
future research? 32
Do they recommend ways
in which current research
could be improved? 33
TERIMAKASIH
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