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■ Essential Question:

–What was the impact of European

imperialism in Africa?

■ Warm Up Question:
Partition of
Africa Board
Use your ruler
and map of
Africa to carve
out a 1 inch by
1 inch colony
First come,
first serve
From 1880 to 1914 European nations used
imperialism to dominate the continent of Africa
The arrival of Europeans
Before Europeans,
During theAfrica led to imperialism in
Age of Exploration,
was divided
into tribal
explored Africa
clansthe in thecoast
African mid-1800s
…and brought
African slaves to their
colonies in America

…and powerful
Islamic kingdoms
In the 1870s, the The first Europeans to explore
discoveries of a the interior of Africa were
missionary named missionaries & explorers
David Livingstone
increased European
interest in Africa
Reports of large
deposits of natural
resources & the rise
of nationalism in
Europe set off a race
for African colonies
Social Darwinism,
steamboats, &
industrial weapons
encouraged the
conquest of Africa
The race for African colonies was so fierce that
Europeans became afraid wars would break out
In 1884, 14 nations Any
class could claim
met at the Congress of Whatland inkind
Africa by notifying
of rules do you
Berlin to “set the rules” think
came& up
for colonizing in Africa it could control the area
No African nations were invited to attend;
No concern was given to ethic divisions in Africa
By 1914, Europeans controlled 90% of Africa
France took most
of west Africa
Belgium claimed
the Congo in
central Africa
Germany had
many colonies
throughout Africa
These nations used
African colonies
to gain diamonds,
tin, gold, rubber
& built cash-crop
The most dominant British industry fueled
imperial power in Africa demand for raw materials
was Great Britain Britain claimed colonies
England in Egypt & in East Africa
In 1882, Britain
seized control of
the Suez Canal from
a French company
India Britain seized control
Egypt of South Africa from
the Dutch
Many citizens in
England dreamed of
a British colony from
South Africa “Capetown to Cairo”
The most important
empire-builder in Africa
was British businessman,
Cecil Rhodes
His DeBeers Company
created diamond mines
in South Africa
Rhodes gained new
colonies for Britain in
southern Africa
Rhodes used his wealth
to build railroads &
telegraph lines in Africa
What was the impact of
European imperialism in Africa?
Europeans introduced …but transportation
new technologies like routes only connected
railroads, telegraph lines, areas that benefited
& steamboats… European businessmen
Europeans brought an …but Africans were paid
end to the slave trade… low wages & exploited
What was the impact of
European imperialism in Africa?
Europeans built schools, …but Africans were
churches, & hospitals… taught European culture
Europeans profited off
Africa’s raw materials &
cheap African labor
Africans were unable to
rule themselves,
participate in voting, or
learn professional skills
In South Africa, the
British segregated
society called apartheid
which remained in place
for over 100 years
Africans rebelled against European rule, but were
defeated due to advanced European weaponry
Africa remained
under the control of
European imperialists
from the 1880s until
the 1950s & 1960s