Environmental Biotechnology I

-Disha Jeswani

What is Environmental Biotechnology (EBT)? y International Society for Environmental Biotechnology defines EBT as ´the development. air. . and for environment-friendly processes (green manufacturing technologies and sustainable development)". use and regulation of biological systems for remediation of contaminated environments (land. water).

heavy metal and radiation contamination Waste water treatment Green technologies-Renewable sources of energy Applications in Genetics (Mutated gene adapted to a new environment used industrially) . air treatment.Applications of EBT y y y y y Agricultural Biotechnology (Genetically modified plants exhibiting pesticide resistance) Bioremediation.oil spills.

chemical or biological characteristics of air. water and soil that may harmfully affect the life or create a potential health hazard of any living organism Pollutant y Any solid.Pollution y Any undesirable change in the physical. liquid or gaseous substance present in such concentration as may be or tend to be injurious to the environment .

peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN). Sn. Agrochemicals. N. aldehydes. organic acids etc. ethers. Halogens Acid droplets Fluorides Metals-Hg. Gases-S. Fe. Particulate matter Noise .Pesticides and Fertilizers Photochemical oxidants-Photochemical smog. grit etc. Cr etc. Zn. H2o and soil y y y y y y y y y y y y Deposited matter. ethylene. Ni.soot. NO. Cd. C. Pb. dust. peroxybenzolnitrate Solid waste Radioactive waste Complex organic substances-benzene.Major Pollutants of air. smoke. O3.

Bearable-80dB.Noise Pollution y Noise-Unwanted or unpleasant sound that causes discomfort Sources: y Automobiles. religious occasions Properties of sound y Loudness-Strength of sensation of sound perceived by individual. industries.WHO tolerable level is 45dB y Frequency-Number of vibrations per second Hz. Audible range for humans-16 -20kHz . trains. planes.

y Continuous noise-increase in cholesterol y Sonic boon-startle effect . hypertension. anxiety. hepatic diseases. fatigue. Affects respiration. sweating. Usually above 100dB can cause permanent deafness Non-auditory y Interference with speech communication y Annoyance-ill temper. insomnia. bickering y Loss of working efficiency y Physiological disorders-neurosis.. circulation of blood. gidiness. peptic ulcers.Effects of Noise Pollution Auditory y Auditory fatigue (above 90dB) associated with whistling and buzzing y Deafness-continuous exposure to high levels of sound.

vomiting. dizziness Pain in ear Burning of skin Rupture of tympanic membrane (eardrum) Major permanent damage in short time .Noise Intensity (dB) y y y y y y y y y y Health Hazards y y y y y y y y y y 80 90 95 110 120 130-135 140 150 160 180 Annoyance Hearing damage Very annoying Stimulation of reception in skin Pain threshold Nausea.

Ashok. Neem. Tamarind etc. Law on Noise included in Air Pollution Control Act Education .Control Measures y y y y y y At source-designing silencing devices and segregating noisy machines Transmission control-sound absorbers as acoustic tiles and enclosures Protection against exposure-ear plugs and muffs Vegetation cover-buffer zone.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful