You are on page 1of 18

cleanliness.Actions of community pharmacists in society  Procurement of medicines that are suitable for human consumption • Storage of medicines in appropriate conditions (temperature. humidity. stock monitoring) • Dispensing of medicines chosen by patient or as pharmacist-recommended products or on presentation of a prescription .

 Compounding and ensuring quality of compounded products • Patient medication review. developing care plans and collaborating with prescribers to establish a therapeutic plan. advise patients on use of medicines and participate in adverse drug reaction reporting • Ensuring rational and safe use of medicines by patients. implement it and monitor patient outcomes .

physical activity. sexual and reproductive health) • Ensuring safe disposal of unwanted or expired medicines . smoking cessation. responding to symptoms and identifying cases warranting referral • Point-of-care testing • Health promotion and promotion of healthy lifestyles (nutrition.Monitoring of self-care.

g. colostomy care and urinary incontinence devices. gluten-free products. special foods (e. walking aids). wheelchairs. .g. disability and mobility aids (e. food for diabetic people). oxygen supplies and ventilation equipment. veterinary medicines.Other responsibilities: nutritional supplements.

Organization of a community pharmacy  Personnel present  Premises  Equipment  Documentation and information .

• Consultation areas should provide for space to carry out point- of-care testing. • Adequate facilities for dispensing must be provided – cleanable floor and surfaces. logical layout of stock and a natural workflow. adequate fixtures and fittings. clean sink.Dispensary area  Area should be spacious and designed in such a way as to promote communication between pharmacist and patient. clean refrigerator with appropriate temperature monitoring and control. • Space should be available for patient advice and counselling in privacy. .

monitoring of expiry dates and systems to ensure that medicines are not damaged • Pricing .Storage of medicines  Sufficient storage space to store medicines in a dry place • Temperature control of areas where medicines are stored • Prescription-only medicines not accessible to the public • Area available to store medicines that require controlled access • Stock rotation.

.Patient consultation area: Space dedicated for patient advice and counselling in relative privacy. May be used to provide patient monitoring and follow- up. medication review and point-of-care testing. Controlled drugs cabinet: cabinet where medications that require limited access are stored.

g. mixing different creams) .The extemporaneous preparation area: is the part of the dispensary area dedicated to the preparation of medications (e. dilution of creams.

Dispensing prescriptions  Receiving the prescription  Reading and checking of prescription • patient’s name and address • age of patient if under 12 years • name. dose and quantity of medicine date • prescriber’s name and address • signature of prescriber • legality and authenticity of document .

d.m.c.s.n.d. every night  p.s.d. before food  b. to be taken twice daily  o. Examples of administration instructions  a. every day  o.n.d. to be taken four times daily  stat immediately  t. as required  q.r. after food  p. every morning  o.c. to be taken three times daily .

there are medicines that are available in different strengths  care in selecting the appropriate dosage form. pharmacist intervention to decrease occurrence of dispensing errors includes:  care in selecting appropriate medicine  care in selecting the appropriate strength. Collection of medicine During this step. there are medicines that are available in different dosage forms .

.Label production The label should be clear and legible to ensure that the patient takes the medicine as prescribed. The information presented has to be understood by the patient.

Details to be included on label:  patient’s name  date of dispensing  name of pharmacy  name of medicine  strength  dosage form  quantity dispensed  dose with clear instructions  cautionary labels. .

it should be indicated on the label that there is more than one container of the same medicine (e.g.To avoid confusion. 1 of 4. where several containers of the same medicine have to be dispensed. . 2 of 4).

.Rechecking Recheck that the prescription and the medicine prepared are consistent and that the right medicine in the right dosage form and strength has been identified. that the right label is attached and that the right patient instructions are provided.

Handing over the medicine The pharmacist hands over the medicine and explains to the patient when and how to take the medication. .