The Consumer Protection Act, 1986

By: Dr Vilas Kulkarni.

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INDEX
Definitions. Consumer Protection Councils. Consumer Disputes Redressal Agencies.

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Objective
An Act to provide for better protection of the interests of consumers and for that purpose to make provision for the establishment of consumer councils and other authorities for the settlement of consum-ers' disputes and for matters connected therewith.
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Definitions.
‡ ‡ ‡ "consumer" means any person who² buys any goods for a consideration, hires or avails of any services for a consideration, ³uses such goods´ with the approval of person who has bought such goods for consideration. ³is beneficiary of services´ with the approval of person who has hired the services for consideration.
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‡

Continued«
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ "person" includes,² a firm whether registered or not; a Hindu undivided family; a co-operative society; every other association of persons whether registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) or not;
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Continued«
"service" means service of any description which is made available to potential users and includes, the provision of facilities in connection with banking, financing insurance, transport, processing, supply of electrical or other energy«

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Continued«
board or lodging or both, housing construction, entertainment, amusement or the purveying of news or other information, but does not include the rendering of any service free of charge or under a contract of personal service;
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Continued«
Manufacturer is a person who‡ Makes or manufactures any goods or parts thereof.or ‡ Assembles parts of the goods made or manufactured by others and claims the end product to be goods manufactured by himself,or

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Continued«
‡ Puts his own mark on any goods made or manufactured by any other manufacturer and claims such goods to be goods made by him.

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Continued«
Trader is a person who ± Sells goods or, Distributes any goods for sale, Manufacturer of goods for sale, Packer of goods who sells or distributes goods in package form.
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‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Continued«
"complaint" means any allegation in writing made by a complainant that² ‡ an unfair trade practice or a restrictive trade practice has been adopted by any trader or service provider; ‡ the goods bought by him or agreed to be bought by him; suffer from one or more defects;
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Continued«
‡ the services hired or availed of or agreed to be hired or availed of by him suffer from deficiency in any respect; ‡ a trader or service provider, as the case may be, has charged for the goods or for the service mentioned in the complaint a price in excess of the price.
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Continued«
‡ goods which will be hazardous to life and safety when used or being offered for sale to the public. ‡ services which are hazardous or likely to be hazardous to life and safety of the public when used.

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Continued«
"consumer dispute" means a dispute where the person against whom a complaint has been made, denies or disputes the allega-tions contained in the complaint.

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CONSUMER PROTECTION COUNCILS
Central Consumer Protection Council. The Central Council shall consist of the following members, ‡ the Minister in charge of the consumer affairs in the Central Government, who shall be its Chairman, and ‡ such number of other official or non-official members represent-ing such interests as may be prescribed.
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Continued«
Objects of the Central Council.² The objects of the Central Council shall be to promote and protect the rights of the consumers such as,² ‡ the right to be protected against the marketing of goods and services which are hazardous to life and property;
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‡ the right to be assured, wherever possible, access to a variety of goods and services at competitive prices; ‡ the right to be heard and to be assured that consumer's interests will receive due consideration at appropriate forums;
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Continued«
‡ the right to be informed about the quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods or servicesthe right to seek redressal against unfair trade practices or restrictive trade practices or unscrupulous exploitation of con-sumers; and ‡ the right to consumer education.
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Procedure for meetings of the Central Council.
‡ The Central Council shall meet as and when necessary, but at least one meeting of the Council shall be held every year. ‡ The Central Council shall meet at such time and place as the Chairman may think fit and shall observe such procedure in regard to the transaction of its business as may be prescribed.
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State Consumer Protection Councils.
The State Council shall consist of the following members, namely:² ‡ the Minister incharge of consumer affairs in the State Government who shall be its Chairman; ‡ such number of other official or nonofficial members representing such interests as may be prescribed by the State Government.
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Continued«
‡ such number of other official or nonofficial members, not exceeding ten, as may be nominated by the Central Government.

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Procedure for meetings of the State Council.
The State Council shall meet as and when necessary but not less than two meetings shall be held every year. The State Council shall meet at such time and place as the Chairman may think fit and shall observe such procedure in regard to the transaction of its business as may be prescribed by the State Government.
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Continued«
Objects of the State Council. ² The objects of every State Council shall be to promote and protect within the State the rights of the consumers.

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District Consumer Protection Council
It consist of the following members, namely² ‡ the Collector of the district (by whatever name called), who shall be its Chairman; ‡ such number of other official and nonofficial members representing such interests as may be prescribed by the State Government.
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Procedure for meetings of the District Council.
The District Council shall meet as and when necessary but not less than two meetings shall be held every year. The District Council shall meet at such time and place within the district as the Chairman may think fit and shall observe such procedure in regard to the transaction of its business as may be prescribed by the State Government.
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Continued«
The objects of every District Council shall be to promote and protect within the district the rights of the consumers

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CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL AGENCIES
Redressal Forums. ‡ District Forums - a Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum to be known as the "District Forum" established by the State Government in each district of the State by notification:

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Continued«
Each District Forum shall consist of,² ‡ a person who is, or has been, or is qualified to be a District Judge, who shall be its President; ‡ two other members, one of whom shall be a woman, who shall have the following qualifications, namely ²
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± be not less than thirty-five years of age, ± possess a bachelor's degree from a recognised university, ± be persons of ability, integrity and standing, and have adequate knowledge and experience of at least ten years in dealing with problems relating to economics, law, commerce, accountancy, industry, public affairs or administration:
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Jurisdiction of the District Forum.
The District Forum shall have jurisdiction to entertain complaints where the value of the goods or services and the compensation, if any, claimed ''does not exceed rupees twenty lakhs.

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Continued«
‡ State Commission - A Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission to be known as the "State Commission" established by the State Government in the State.

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Continued«
Each State Commission shall consist of² ‡ A person who is or has been a Judge of a High Court, appointed by the State Government, who shall be its President.

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Continued«
‡ not less than two, and not more than such number of members, and one of whom shall be a woman, who shall have the following qualifications, namely:² - be not less than thirty-five years of age; - possess a bachelor's degree from a recognised university; - be persons of ability, integrity and standing, and have adequate knowledge and experience of at least ten years in dealing with problems relating to economics, law, commerce, accountancy, industry, public affairs or administration:
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Jurisdiction of the SC
The State Commission shall have jurisdiction to entertain complaints where the value of the goods or services and the compensation, if any, claimed ''exceeding rupees twenty lakhs but less than one crore´.
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Continued«
‡ National Commission - A National Consumer Disputes Redressal known as the " National Commission´ is established by the Central Government .

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Jurisdiction of the National Commission.
The National Commission. shall have jurisdiction to entertain complaints where the value of the goods or services and the compensation, if any, claimed ''exceeding rupees one crore´.

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THANK YOU!!!

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