3 views

Uploaded by Saadah Ibrahim

requirements to design a power supply

- Theory
- Working.docx
- Microwave Oven Inverter HV Power Supply
- SMPS Tutorial
- EC602-Chapter 1 3PowerSupply
- 220v AC to 12v DC Supply project
- Site
- Infineon an Ice3ar2280jg an v01 00 En
- Auto Turn On
- Power Supply Function
- Calculation
- CHAPTER 9
- p195
- Data Sheet
- ED-power supply
- 6939808-PC-Power-Supply-Repair-magazine-article-1996-WW.pdf
- GEI-100223
- CaseStudies Power 2
- PC Power Supply Repair Guide
- 1.Green House Automation System

You are on page 1of 25

APPLICATION

• Unregulated Linear

• Regulated Linear

• Ferroresonant

• Switch Mode

constant voltage output, cost efficiency, size, weight,

and ripple. We willl explain each type of supply,

describe the principle of operation, and the advantages

and disadvantages of each.

Unregulated Linear Power

Supply

• Unregulated power supplies contain four basic components: a

transformer, rectifier, filter capacitor, and a bleeder resistor.

costly and most reliable for low power requirements. The

disadvantage is that the output voltage is not constant. It will vary

with the input voltage and the load current, and the ripple is not

suitable for electronic applications. The ripple can be reduced by

changing the filter capacitor to an ic(inductor-capacitor) filter but the

cost to make this change would make use of the regulated linear

power supply a more economical choice.

Regulated Linear Power Supply

• A regulated linear power supply is identical to the unregulated linear power

supply except that a 3-terminal regulator is used in place of the bleeder

resistor.

•

• The regulated linear power supply solves all of the problems of the

unregulated supply, but is not as efficient because the 3-terminal regulator

will dissipate the excess power in the form of heat which must be

accommodated in the design of the supply. The output voltage has

negligible ripple, very small load regulation, and high reliability, thus making

it an ideal choice for use in low power electronic applications.

Variable Regulated Power Supply

• Drop voltage minimum 1.25V

Ferroresonant Power Supplies

• A ferroresonant power supply is very similar to an unregulated power supply

except for the characteristics of the ferroresonant transformer.

wide variation of the transformer input voltage. The problems with using a

ferroresonant power supply include that it is very sensitive to slight changes

in line frequency and would not be switchable from 50 Hz to 60 Hz, and that

the transformers dissipate more heat than conventional transformers. These

power supplies are heavier and will have more audible noise from the

transformer resonance than regulated linear power supplies.

Switch Mode Power Supplies

• The switch mode power supply has a rectifier, filter capacitor, series transistor,

regulator, transformer, but is more complicated than the other power supplies that we

have discussed. The schematic below is a simple block diagram and does not

represent all of the components in the power supply.

and the regulator. This DC is chopped to a constant high frequency voltage which

enables the size of of the transformer to be dramatically reduced, and allows for a

much smaller power supply. The disadvantages of this type of supply are that all of

the transformers have to be custom-made and the complexity of the power supply

does not lend itself to low production or economical low power applications.

RECTIFICATION CIRCUITS FOR REGULATED

LINEAR POWER SUPPLIES

supply is the most economical design for lower power,

low ripple, and low regulation which is suitable for

electronic applications. In this section we will explain the

four basic rectification circuits that are used:Half Wave

•

• Full Wave Center Tapped

• Full Wave Bridge

• Dual Complementary

•

Half Wave Circuits

• Since a capacitor input filter only draws current from the rectification circuit

in short pulses, the frequency of the pulses is half that of a full-wave circuit,

therefore the peak current of those pulses is so high that this circuit would

not be recommended for DC power more than 1/2 watt.

Full Wave Center Tapped Circuits

• A full-wave rectifier uses only one-half of the transformer winding at

a time. The transformer secondary rated current should be 1.2 times

the DC current of the power supply. The transformer secondary

voltage should be approximately .8 times the DC voltage of the

unregulated power supply per side of the center tap or the

transformer should be 1.6 times VDC center tapped.

Full Wave Bridge

• The full-wave bridge rectification circuit is the most cost effective because it requires

a lower VA rated transformer than a full-wave rectifier. In a full-wave bridge, the entire

transformer secondary is used on each half cycle, unlike the full-wave center tapped

which only uses one-half the secondary on each half cycle. The transformer

secondary rated current should be 1.8 times the DC current of the power supply. The

transformer secondary voltage should be approximately .8 times the DC voltage of

the unregulated power supply.

•

Dual Complementary Rectifier

negative DC output of the same voltage. In most cases, the negative

current is significantly less than the positive current requirements so

the AC voltage and current relationship to the DC voltage and

current should be the same as the full-wave center tapped described

earlier.

HOW TO SPECIFY THE

TRANSFORMER

• The use of a regulated linear power supply is to provide a constant output

voltage over a variety of loads and also a variation of the input voltage. All of

our calculations to determine the correct transformer will assume that the

input voltage can vary from 95 to 130V and not change the output of our

supply.The formula used to determine the AC voltage required from the

transformer is as follows:

• Vreg=Voltage drop of the regulator =3v

• Vrec=Voltage drop across diodes=1.25V

• Vrip=Ripple voltage=10% of Vdc

• Vnom=115V

• Vlowline=95V

• 0.9=Rectifier efficiency

AC Current / DC Current

• summary all of the calculations for three basic rectification circuits in

the table below:

EXAMPLES:

• A regulated linear power supply is needed for 5VDC at 1 ADC with a

primary of either 115V or 230V and you do not know whether it

should be full-wave center tapped or a full-wave bridge.

•

Full-Wave Center Tap

Regulator Heat Desssipation

• The regulator dissipates the excess power in the form of heat. A regulator

has only a maximum amount of power it can dissipate before the internal

thermal protection shuts it down. If a 5VDC, 1AMP power supply can

operate at 95V RMS, the regulator will have to dissipate 5.95 watts at full

load high line (see calculation below).

• Regular dissipated heat:

Rectification

RMS Value

•

The RMS or ROOT MEAN SQUARED value is

the equivalent DC ( voltage or current ) which

would provide the same energy to a circuit as

DC voltage or current. In other words, if an AC

sine wave has a value of 10 Volts RMS it will

provide the same energy to a circuit as a DC

supply of 10 volts.

• VRMS =VPK or VPk * 0.707√ 2 Average Value

AVERAGE value

• The is normally taken to mean the average value of only half cycle of a sine

wave. The average value of a complete sine wave is of course zero, as both

halves are symmetrical about zero. Using only half a cycle, the average

value (voltage or current) is always 0.637 of the peak value.

• Peak Value

The Peak value of a sine wave is the maximum positive peak. Defined in

terms of RMS voltage its value is:VPk = √ 2 * VRMS or VPk = 1.414 *

VRMS

• Peak to Peak Value

The peak to peak value, Vpp, (sometimes wrote as VPk-Pk) is simply twice

the peak value. The peak to peak value is the waveform that is displayed on

an oscilloscope. RMS values are displayed by an AC multimeter.

Periodic Time

• The time taken for one complete sinusoidal cycle, (both positive and

negative peaks) is known as the periodic time, (T). The frequency, (F) of the

wave is the reciprocal of 1 cycle. Conversely, the reciprocal of frequency

gives the periodic time.

• T =1 or F =1FT

In the UK, the domestic electricity supply (mains) is a sine wave with

nominal value 240V RMS and a frequency of 50Hz or 50 cycles per second.

In The USA the line voltage is 120V RMS at a frequency of 60Hz.

• Examples

The Peak value of the UK mains is therefore 240 * 1.414 = 339.36V

The periodic time for 1 cycle of a 50Hz sine wave is 1/50 = 20ms

Rectification - Unfiltered Power

Supplies

• This is the process where alternating

current is converted to direct current.

Unfiltered, means that there is no

smoothing capacitor present and the dc

output will contain "ripples" at the line

(mains) frequency. There are two types of

rectification, half wave and full wave, also

known as a bridge rectifier.

ripple voltage

• Approximate ripple voltage is calculated using:

Δ V =I/2fC

AC supply and C is smoothing capacitor value (F). For countries using a

50Hz supply like the United Kingdom, then the following simplified equation

will also give the same results:

Δ V =10/IC

capacitor (uF).

Example: The bridge rectifier circuit above had a load current of about

191mA. Feeding this value into the first equation results in 191/(2 x 50 x

2200 e-6) =868.1 mV and the bottom equation (10 x 191)/2200 =0.868V or

868mV

• The mean or average dc value (shown in yellow) lies midway

between the peak to peak ripple (shown as a blue dash line). For

half wave rectified supplies the average dc value (with light shown)

is calculated using :

Vdc ≈ Vp − I/2Cf

calculated by:

Vdc ≈ Vp − I/4Cf

capacitance (F), I is load current (A) and f is the supply frequency (in

Hz)

- TheoryUploaded byNikhilPrakash
- Working.docxUploaded byAnuj Tripathi
- Microwave Oven Inverter HV Power SupplyUploaded byADe Muslimin Madridista
- SMPS TutorialUploaded byUmasankar Peri
- EC602-Chapter 1 3PowerSupplyUploaded byHanif Fz
- 220v AC to 12v DC Supply projectUploaded bysayed237
- SiteUploaded byawalkersan
- Infineon an Ice3ar2280jg an v01 00 EnUploaded bybambang sujanarko
- Auto Turn OnUploaded byAmit Hossain Mallick
- Power Supply FunctionUploaded bydunkinkunat
- CalculationUploaded bybiswa217
- CHAPTER 9Uploaded byabcuna
- p195Uploaded byRaj Chavan
- Data SheetUploaded byPanagos Panagiotis
- ED-power supplyUploaded byFirdaus Appy
- 6939808-PC-Power-Supply-Repair-magazine-article-1996-WW.pdfUploaded byAnthony Gonzales
- GEI-100223Uploaded byKelvin Liew
- CaseStudies Power 2Uploaded bynmkdsarma
- PC Power Supply Repair GuideUploaded byAntonio Chavez
- 1.Green House Automation SystemUploaded byరమణ రాజు
- Fairchild@Fan7384Uploaded byBin Wang
- Arunas ProjectUploaded byJayan Kulathoor
- Tda 16834Uploaded byzzzzzzz82
- Final Papers d 2Uploaded byRocio Chioo
- MRF2800Uploaded byaa
- br-1917Uploaded byadnantan
- 286212787-Flatpack2-ManualFlatpack2-Manual.pdfUploaded byJhon R. Ostos Pablo
- Lab05 Diode Rectifiers and Dc Power SuppliesUploaded byLS
- ReporUploaded byPyare Toons
- BAYKEE Inverter CHP Series 3 Ph SpecsUploaded bySyedUsmanAli

- Kl4123 Rootlocus DesignUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- Abstract Rikki VitriaUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- WOHGOMOKUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- Ayam Bakar MaduUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- CHAPTER 3 - Sequential Logic CircuitUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- Menu Makan Malam BerkhasiatUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- Kl3223 System Design. Cdr DesignUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- Group in DevUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- Borang Relief (1)Uploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- SejarahBab2Uploaded byRieyn Biersack
- Agenda Perancangan Aktiviti TPK Harmoni Desa SentosaUploaded bySaadah Ibrahim
- bacaan tausyihUploaded bySyste Desig
- bacaan tausyihUploaded bySyste Desig

- EY Digital Supply Chain Its All About That Data Final 2Uploaded byuday
- IS lab manual.docxUploaded byprathamgunj
- DecanterUploaded byXavi X Qunqi
- CFD for non-newtonian CMC fluid flow through concentric annuli with centre body rotation , International Journal on Science and Technology (IJSAT)Vol. 2, Issue 3, PP121-126, July-September, 2011Uploaded byDr. Engr. Md Mamunur Rashid
- Differential Press GaugeUploaded byIngemar David Quintero Simonpietri
- BIO 531-Computational Biology-Aziz MithaniUploaded byAnonymous sF8ZuiG
- 500_USERUploaded byahmed hassan
- Daikin VRV III cjenikUploaded byRemedios Moscote
- 2º Examen 1a Evaluacion Raul y JaimeUploaded byTamara Mrtn Gl
- 01 Introduction to Medical ImagingUploaded byNata Adriya
- db_12_lonskiUploaded byJoseph Suktrakul
- 3d reconstruction take review paper.pdfUploaded byhub23
- 35111911-Occurrence-of-Petroleum.pdfUploaded byVñ Õãd
- Cremer_6115_ChemicalBondUploaded byaustinsymposium
- EX600-SEN1Uploaded byisaias martinez
- 3 - The Custom Development Management Cockpit- STC PRESENTATIONUploaded bytekno0075
- Mud Master and Auto FillUploaded bysulkec
- Equipment Maintenance ChecklistUploaded byhuonglan167hd
- bmsv-58-parallel-magres[1] (1)Uploaded byDaniel Jenkins
- BIOLOGY Form 4 Chapter 3Uploaded byShephard Png
- 2n2904-5aUploaded bysas999333
- Cold Weather ConcretingUploaded bySandeep Sony
- Flood Maps-An Excimap WorkUploaded byCIO-CIO
- 1428641008.pdfUploaded byMuhammad junaid
- paper on deep drawingUploaded byAraveeti C S Reddy
- Carbonate Equilibria in Natural WatersUploaded byNacorn Panchanawaporn
- TTR-230Uploaded bybroddie123
- SQLUploaded bysinduinfa
- FASMUploaded byCesar Villanueva
- RP-040046Uploaded byRuchira Chinthaka