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Good Morning

 Everyone
 Welcome! to our presentation about

 Removal of various dyes from aqueous solution


using low cost biodegradable absorbent
Group Members:
 132-061-041-Md. Alid hossain
 133-038-041-Miraduzzaman chowdhury
 133-227-041-Rayhan ahmed

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Presentation Agenda

 Introduction  Result
01 04
 Previous work & What we did  Summary of the research result

 Literature Review  Discussion


02 05
 Summarization about different types  Summary of the Result related
absorbent different ,dye auxiliaries , discussion
biodegradable absorbent, aqueous
solution ,turbidity

 Materials & Method  Conclusion


03 06
 Materials used in this research and  Overview of Project Work
Research method

3

1
 Introduction
RESEARCH BACKGROUND
“LOW COST BIODEGRADEABLE ADSORBENT: Adsorbents Dye(s)
BENEFITTING THE ENVIRONMENT AND Duckweed Methylene blue9
ECNOMIAL TO REMOVAL VARIOUS DYES FROM Sewage Sludge Basic red10

AQUEOUS SOLUTION.” Waste Newspaper Basic Blue11

Rice Husk Malachite Green12 Acid


yellow13 Acid blue14

Research Objectives
Sugarcane bagasse Acid orange15
❖ To build up a proper absorbent treatment process for
suitable dyes.
❖ To identify the dyes which can extract by absorbent. Coir Pith Congo red16

Straw Basic lue17


❖ To build up a relation between proper dosages of
Treated sawdust Methylene blue18
absorbent ,PH ,Time vs turbidity.
Neem leaf powder Congo red19
❖ To compare the turbidity of different dye solution. Banana peel Congo red20

Bagasse fly ash Congo red21

Mahua oil cake Congo red22

Fig: adsorption of some dyes on various


adsorbents
OUTLINE OF THE
WORK
THE PROJECT WILL INVOLVE TWO
MAIN PARTS.
1.THE FIRST PART OF PROJECT
INVOLVES
A. COLLECTION OF SAW DUST AND
DIFFER THE SMALL SIEVES
B. DRY IT AT OVEN DRYER TO
REMOVE EXCESSIVE MOISTURE
C. TREAT THE SAW DUST WITH HCL
D. AGAIN DRY IT AT OVEN DRYER TO
REMOVE EXCESSIVE WATER.

THE SECOND PART OF PROJECT


INVOLVES
A. PREPARATION OF VARIOUS
DYE SOLUTION AND TREATED THE
SOLUTION WITH ACID TREATED
SAW
DUST (ATSD).
B.FILTER THE DYE SOLUTION
FROM ATSD
Fig: Saw Dust

 Previous work
 Numerous researchers worked earlier on variety of adsorbents
as mentioned below: Banana pith , Biogas residual slurry ,
Carbonized coir pith , Coir pith , Chitosan , Hardwood ,
Mahogany sawdust, rice husk , Parthenium hysterophorus ,
Neem husk, Rice husk , Silk cotton hull, coconut tree sawdust ,
Gypsum , Tuberose Sticks , Tamarind Fruit Shell .

2
 Literature Review
 Background
 Reactive dye
A dye, which is capable of reacting chemically
with a substrate to form a covalent dye substrate
linkage, is known as reactive dye.

Fig: Some commercial reactive dye

Fig: Chemical structure of reactive dye


Figure: Acid dye
 Acid dyes
 Acid dyes are sodium salts of sulphonic acids but there are a few containing carboxyl groups. The
acid dyes have a direct affinity towards protein fibres and polyamide fibres.

Fig: Chemical structure of acid dye


 Metal complex dyes
 Metal complex dyes are so called
because the metal, usually
chromium, is already in corporates
in the dye molecule during its
manufacture. These dyes are also
referred to as metal complex dyes.
The incorporation of the metal into
the dye molecule has meant that
the dye can be more readily applied
to the fiber, thus eliminating part of
Fig: Structure of Metal complex
the lengthy dyeing process. dye
Fig: Different types of auxiliaries used in Acid &
 Acid-Reactive dye Metal complex dye

 This dye range consists of metal-free (exception eriofast Black M) sulfo-group


containing acid reactive dyes developed for application on polyamide.
 The Eriofast dye range was especially development for dyeing intensive
brilliant shades with highest wet fastness properties on polyamide/elastane
fiber blends, whenever conventional dyes show limitations in build-up and
fastness (e.g microfiber).selected products in the range have high light
fastness properties and achieve outstanding light fastness levels even in highly
brilliant shades. The perfectly compatible dyes anable the highest
requirements to be met on all polyamide textiles sepecially in bright intensive
shade areas and for black shades and for black shades.
 Function of Auxiliaries
 UNIVADINE work as dye Leveling agent.
 ALBEGAL work as crease preventive agent.
 ALBATEX maintain the PH & it is the buffer of sodium acetate & acetic acid.
 ALBAFLOW work as penetration accelerate
3
 Materials &
Method
We were collected hardwood saw dust
from local saw mill. we dried the saw
dust at oven dryer and small particles
were selected for acid treatment. We
treated the saw dust with HCL
maintaining proper time and recipe.
After that we dried the saw dust again
to remove excessive water. Than it will
be the acid treated saw dust which is
needed for experiment.
Fig: Wet s aw dust dried on to the Dryer

Figure: Preparation of acid treated saw


dust
 We used acid treated saw dust to
remove various types of dyes (
Reactive dye, Acid dye, 1:2 metal
complex dyes, Acid-reactive dyes).
The dyes solution was prepared in 2
stages:
1 1.Only dye solution.
2.Dyes solution with
auxiliary after dyeing.
Figure: Process curve Of reactive dye

Figure: Process curve of Acid & 1:2


metal complex dye.
 Dyeing solution preparation Procedure
 WE were prepared a dye solution (reactive,
acid, 1:2 metal complex, acid-reactive)
where 1 liter water contains 500 mg dyes.
 We were prepared another solution which
contains same amount of dyes with
auxiliary’s chemicals. It is after dyed
solution.

Figure: Dyes solution is treated with


different amount of saw dust

Figure: Preparation of dye solution


4
 Result &
Discussion
Figure :Dye solution after treated with ATSD

 Dyes treatment with adsorbent solution


 For every 1 liter dye-water solution we were taken different amount of acid treated
saw dust (25gm/L, 50gm/L & 70gm/L)

 WE were taken 3 different amount of saw dust solution for 3 different conical flax
where the concentration of solution is same.
 It was taken for reactive, acid ,1:2 metal complex and Acid-reactive dyes.
 WE shacked the bath almost 3 hours.
 WE filtered the saw dust from dye solution.
 We were taken 3 different treated dye solutions in 3 different testube.
 In same way, we were treated ATSD with dye solution with auxiliaries after dyeing.
 Data analysis of
different amount of
ATSD with standard
1:2 metal complex
dye solution

Amount Of 7.5gm 5gm ATSD+ 2.5gm ATSD Standard


ATSD ATDS+ Standard + Standard dye solution
Standard dye solution dye solution
dye solution

Turbidity Very low Low Medium High


PH 2.5 3.50 3.50 7.00

Treatment 160 minute 140 minute 120 minute No treated


time
Data analysis
of different
amount of ATSD
with standard
Acid dye
solution:

Amount 7.5gm 5gm 2.5gm Standard


Of ATSD ATDS+ ATSD+ ATSD + dye
Standard Standard Standard solution
dye dye dye
solution solution solution

Turbidity Very low Low Medium High

PH 2.5 3.5 3.5 7.00

Treatment 160 140 120 No


time minute minute minute treatment
 Relation between Amount of saw dust used in
solution and turbidity in case of Acid & 1:2 metal
complex dye.(Turbidity vs amount of ATSD)

Fig: ATSD treated 1:2 metal complex dye solution Fig: ATSD treated Acid dye solution
 Relation between Amount of saw dust used in
solution and turbidity in case of Acid & 1:2 metal
complex dye.(Turbidity vs amount of pH)

Fig: ATSD treated 1:2 metal complex dye solution Fig: ATSD treated Acid dye solution
 Relation between Amount of saw dust used in
solution and turbidity in case of Acid & 1:2 metal
complex dye.(Turbidity vs Time)

Fig: ATSD treated 1:2 metal complex dye solution Fig: ATSD treated Acid dye solution
5
 Conclusion
 Investigation result
 We were visually investigated the turbidity of Acid & 1:2 metal complex dye
solution. We used different amount of ATSD. We saw that increasing the amount
of saw dust in dye solution decreases the turbidity of dyes. In a dye solution
which contain 75gm/L ATSD is almost 100% transparent.
 But visually we identified that using same amount of ATSD, Acid dye is more
transparent than 1:2 metal complex dye.

 Recommendation for future research

 In our research work we check the turbidity of solution visually. But if we are
using spectrophotometer to find out the absorbency of saw dust it will be more
accurate work to find out the absorbency of saw dust.
Thank you!

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