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How to Read the Schematic


ET2008 Sistem Embedded
• Schematics are our map to designing,
building, and troubleshooting circuits.
• Understanding how to read and follow
schematics is an important skill

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Schematic Symbols
• Resistors

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• Potentiometers and Variable Resistors

Three terminals
Two terminals

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• Capacitors

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• Inductors

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• Switches

single-pole/single-throw

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• Power Sources

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• Batteries

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• Voltage Nodes

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• Diodes

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• Schottky diodes are useful in voltage clamping applications
and prevention of transistor saturation
– Less energy is wasted as heat-> efficient choice for applications
sensitive to efficiency -> they are used in stand-alone photovoltaic
systems in order to prevent batteries from discharging through the
solar panels at night as well as in grid-connected systems containing
multiple strings connected in parallel
– Schottky diodes are also used as rectifiers in switched-mode power
supplies.
• The most common, Zener diode is used as a voltage reference
element
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• Transistors
– Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs)
Collector

Base
Emitter

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• Metal Oxide Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFETs)
Drain

Source

Gate

MOSFET is voltage controlled (BJT is current controlled)


MOSFET have a very high input impedance, so just about anything can drive them

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• Digital Logic Gates

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• Integrated Circuits

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TTLs

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Op Amps

Inverting

Non-inverting

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• Voltage Regulators

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• Miscellany
– Crystals and Resonators

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• Headers and Connectors

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• Motors, Transformers, Speakers, and Relays

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PTC symbol is the generic symbol for a thermistor, a
temperature-dependent resistor (notice the
international resistor symbol in there?)

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Name Designators and Values

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Reading Schematics
• Nets, Nodes and Labels
– Junction and nodes

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• Net Names

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Schematic Reading Tips
• Identify Blocks

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• Recognize Voltage Nodes

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• Reference Component Datasheets
– If there’s something on a schematic that just
doesn’t make sense, try finding a datasheet for
the most important component.

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