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tajuk

Ali bin abu
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Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 3 METHODOLOGY 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 5 CONCLUSION .

PROBLEM STATEMENTS environmental issues BANANA PEEL AS AN potential of ADDITIVE IN natural material PARAFFIN OIL unstable oil prices & the Depletion of oil reserve .

OBJECTIVES To propose method for preparation of BP as 1 the additive in paraffin oil To investigate the effect of loads and temperature 2 to the tribological characteristics in term of friction and wear 3 To determine the optimal load and temperature based on the result of low friction and wear 4 To study the mechanisme of friction and wear .

20 % and 50% Measure of blended BP kinematic in paraffin oil viscosity Investigate in term of its wear & friction characteristics Performed over different loads & temperature .SCOPE The blended BP prepared 5%.

chlorine. 2004) 2007) . LITERATURE REVIEW LITERATURE REVIEW Lubricants developed from Sulfur.W.J. Lin & H. phosphorus. So.C. (Y. boron and iodine have a good effective to improve tribological characteristics the lubricating performance (N. Fox & G. modified vegetable oil nitrogen. Stachowiak.

Kiyoshi et al. LITERATURE REVIEW LITERATURE REVIEW The addition of Jatropha oil Polysaccharide follicular gel in the base lubricant acted played the dominant role in as a very good lubricant additive lubricating effect of banana which reduced the friction & wear skin after the crush and the scar diameter of maximum change to homogeneous sol 34% & 29% respectively (M. et al.2013) .M. 2012) (Shahabuddin.

250N & 500N Wear Volume and different temperature Of 270C. 800C & 1000C Kinematic Viscosity (Profilometer) Determine Under different temperature Kinematic Viscosity Of 270C. METHODOLOGY Under different load Determine 60N. 250N & 500N Determine Surface Roughness and different temperature Of 270C. 20% & 50% BP (Ultrasonic Homogenizer) . 800C & 1000C (Inverted Microscopes) Determine COF (Fourball Tester) Paraffin oil dispersed with Prepare blended BP 5%. 800C & 1000C (Brookfield Viscosity) Determine Under different load 60N.

PO + 20%BP Vs 2. PO + 20%BP 3. PO + 50% BP 3. PO + 5%BP 1. PO + COF 5%BP 2. PO + 50% BP .RESULT & DISCUSSION GRAPH COF COF Vs Vs Load Temperature 1. PO + 5%BP 1. PO2. +PO 50%+ BP 20%BP % BP (W) 3.

1 0.11676 0. W (N)  good tribological performance at 270C.40295 27C 80C 0.02459 0.5 0.05994 0.8 0.2 0.70663 Coefficient of friction.  0.07629 0.3 100C 0.27657 0. 800C & 1000C under 250 N  COF for 800C increase when applied load increase to 500N . RESULT & DISCUSSION COF versus Load (PO + 5% BP) 0.06661 0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Load.11859 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.

04931 0.1 0.05456 0.12691 0.05 0.01097 0.15 0. T (C)  good tribological performance when 60N & 250N applied at 1000C  COF decrease when temperature increase from 800C to 1000C under 60N & 250N  Also proved that load and temperature significantly affect the COF .1151 0.12 60N 250N 0.  0.2 Coefficient of friction.22688 0.0455 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 Temperature.08897 500N 0.25 0. RESULT & DISCUSSION COF versus Temperature (PO + 50% BP) 0.

com CONCLUSION  dispersion of BP in the paraffin oil has significantly affect the COF under different loads and temperature  due to rising of viscosity that reduces the surface contact between the ball bearings  separation boundary film created by dispersing of BP in…. www.themegallery. .

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