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PARASITOLOGY PRACTICAL

ANSWERS

QN 01
A. Schistosoma mansoni adults (Male and Female)
B. mesenteric veins of colon
C. Through contact with water containing cercariae
that penetrates human’s skin through
bathing,washing or drinking.
D. Treatment with Praziquantel.

QN 02
a)Adult Paragonimus westermani
b) lung cyst
c)Through consumption of raw or
undercooked crab that contain
metacercariae
d)Treatment with Praziquantel.

QN 03 a) Miracidium b) Trematoda c) Snail in which miracidia converted into cercariae d) Treat with Praziquentel .

QN 04 a) Proglottid of Taenia solium b) Taeniidae c) Appendicitis & cholangitis. Also. anal irritation from migrating gravid proglottids d) Treat with Niclosamide and praziquentel .

QN 05 a)Adult Ascaris lumbricoides(Male and Female) b) Intestinal obstruction c) Albendazole. .

QN 06 a) Scolex of Diphyllobothrium latum b) Fresh water copepod of genus Cyclops and Fish c) Through ingestion of undercooked fish d) Treatment with praziquentel and Niclosamide .

QN 07 a)Ascaris lumbricoide egg b)Ascaridida c) Ascariasis d)Treat with Albendazole .

mansoni egg in bladder b) Characteristically focal except for one extensive zone restricted to the southeastern and southwestern shore of lake Victoria and its island c) Praziquentel . QN 08 a) S.

QN 09 a) Enterobius vermicularis adult b) Colon c) Pruritus vulvi & vulvitis d)Treat with Albendazole .

QN 10 a) Trichuris trichiura Eggs b) Caecum c) Rectal prolapse d) Treat with Mebendazole .

Culicidae c)Wuchereria bancrofti d)Treat with Diethylcarbamazine . QN 11 a)Adult aedes mosquito b).

QN 12 a) Culicoides adult b) Ceratopogonidae c) mansonella .

QN 13 a) Onchocerca microfilaria from a skin snip b) onchocercomas c) Simulium .

caninum) c) SI(Jejunum) d) Treat with Albendazole . QN 14 a) Cutaneous larva migrans b) Hook worm(A.duodenale & A.

QN 15 a) Chyluria & haematuria b) Wuchereria bancrofti c) Combination of ivermectin & albendazole NB: Chyluria is caused by discharge of intestinal lymph (chyle) into the renal pelvis and subsequently into urine. In chyluric patients. Chyluria indicates the presence of an abnormal communication between intestinal lymphatics and the urinary tract. haematuria is caused by the rupture of minute blood vessels into the urinary tract during the formation of lymphaticourinary fistulae. milky white urine is passed. resulting in formation of lymphaticourinary fistulae. Once such a fistula is formed. which may be continuous or intermittent. .

QN 16 a)Hypochromic anaemia b)Acyclostoma duodenale and Necator americanus c)Iron suppliments .

QN 17 a) Elephantiasis of the scrotum b) Wuchereria bancrofti c) Diethylcarbamazine .

QN 18 a) Copepod b) Diphyllobothrium latum and Dracunculus medinensis c) Maxillopoda .

QN 19 a) Microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti b) Elephantiasis c) Culex .

QN 20 a) Adult Fasciolopsis buski b) ingesting metacercariae on the water plants c) Small intestine(Duodenum) .

QN 21 a) Rectal prolapse b) Trichuris trichiura c) Albendazole .

Qn 22 a) Trichinella spiralis larva b) Trichinella spiralis nelsoni c) Ingestion of undercooked pork meat .

QN 23 a) Hookworm L3 larvae b) Strongylata C) Penetration of L3 into the skin d)Treat with albendazole .

QN 24 a) Dipylidium caninum egg b) Fleas c) Infected by ingesting the adult flea containing the cysticercoid .

QN 25 a) Schistosoma haematobium ova b) Bulinus snail c) Lake Victoria zone & along coastal areas .

QN 26 a)Microfilaria of Brugia malayi b) south and southeast Asia c)Mansonia species and Aedes .

QN 27 a) Hookworm adult male b) Hookworm anaemia c) filariform larva (L3) penetrate the skin of humans .

QN 28 a) Schistosome cercariae b) Strigeida c) schistosomulae .

QN 29 a)Taenia Eggs b) Cestoda c)Taenia solium .

QN 30 a) Schistosoma mansoni ova b) Biomphalaria snail c) Through contact with water containing cercariae that penetrates human’s skin through bathing. washing or drinking. .

QN 31 a) Decorticated egg of ascaris lumbricoides b) small intestine c) Albendazole .

b) Have bulbous oesophagus c) filariform larva(L3) . QN 32 a) Anterior end of rhabditiform larva of h/worm.

. QN 33 a)Eggs of Enterobius vermicularis b) Oxyurida c) Scotch tape method.

QN 34 a Echinococcus granulosus adult b) Through ingestion of eggs passed in faeces of infected dog c) Larval cysts d)Treatment with Praziquentel and Surgical removal of cyst .

QN 35 a) S. japonicum egg b) Oncomelania snail c) mesenteric veins of small intestine .