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# ECE

Engr. Marcelo V. Rivera

Electric flux density or electric displacement is a measure of
the strength of an electric field generated by a
free electric charge, corresponding to the number
of electric lines of force passing through a
given area.

𝐃 = 𝛆𝟎 𝐄 𝛹 = න 𝐃 ∙ 𝑑𝐒 𝑆 Where: 𝛹 – electric flux in C 𝐃 – electric flux density in C/m2 .

Due to a point charge: 𝑄 𝑟 − 𝑟′ 𝑸 𝒓 − 𝒓′ E= 3 . 𝐃= 𝟑 4𝜋𝜀0 𝑟 − 𝑟′ 𝟒𝝅 𝒓 − 𝒓′ Due to the line charge: 𝜌𝐿 𝑑𝑙 𝝆𝑳 𝒅𝒍 𝐸=න 2 𝑎𝑅 . 𝐃=න 𝟐 𝒂𝑹 4𝜋𝜀0 𝑅 𝟒𝝅𝑹 .

𝐃=න 𝟐 𝒂𝑹 4𝜋𝜀0 𝑅 𝟒𝝅𝑹 . 𝐃=න 𝟐 𝒂𝑹 4𝜋𝜀0 𝑅 𝟒𝝅𝑹 Due to the volume charge: 𝜌𝑣 𝑑𝑣 𝝆𝒗 𝒅𝒗 𝐸=න 2 𝑎𝑅 .Due to a surface charge: 𝜌𝑆 𝑑𝑆 𝝆𝑺 𝒅𝑺 E=න 2 𝑎𝑅 .

For an infinite line charge: 𝜌𝐿 𝝆𝑳 𝐸= 𝑎𝜌 . 𝐃= 𝒂𝝆 2𝜋𝜀0 𝜌 𝟐𝝅𝝆 For an infinite sheet of charge 𝜌𝑆 𝜌𝑆 𝐸= 𝑎𝑛 . 𝐃 = 𝒂𝒏 2𝜀0 2 .

0. . 3) if there is a point charge -5𝜋 mC at (4. 0.Determine D at (4. 0) and a line charge 3𝜋 mC/m along the y-axis.

D = 240𝑎𝑥 + 42𝑎𝑧 𝜇𝐶/𝑚2 .

We wish to find D in the region about a uniform line charge of 8nC/m lying along the z axis in free space. . Let 𝜌 = 3𝑚.

D = 0.424𝑎𝜌 𝑛𝐶/𝑚2 .

3. -6). 6) produced by: a) a point charge QA = 55mC at Q(-2.Calculate D in rectangular coordinates at point P(2. b) a uniform line charge 𝜌𝐿𝐵 = 20𝑚𝐶/𝑚 on the x-axis. . -3. c) a uniform surface charge density 𝜌𝑆𝐶 = 120𝜇𝐶/𝑚2 on the plane 𝑧 = −5𝑚.

38𝑎𝑥 − 9.57𝑎𝑦 + 19.14𝑎𝑧 𝜇𝐶/𝑚2 b) D = −212.21𝑎𝑦 + 424.41𝑎𝑧 𝜇𝐶/𝑚2 c) D = 60𝑎𝑧 𝜇𝐶/𝑚2 .a) D = 6.

𝜳 = 𝑸𝒆𝒏𝒄 𝛹 = ර 𝐃 ∙ 𝑑𝐒 𝑆 Total charged enclosed 𝑄𝑒𝑛𝑐 = ‫𝑣𝑑 𝑣𝜌 ׬‬ 𝑄𝑒𝑛𝑐 = ර 𝐃 ∙ 𝑑𝐒 = න 𝜌𝑣 𝑑𝑣 𝑆 𝑣 .Gauss’s Law states that the total electric flux 𝛹 through any closed surface is equal to the total charge enclosed by that surface.

𝑄 = ර 𝐃 ∙ 𝑑𝐒 = න 𝜌𝑣 𝑑𝑣 𝑆 𝑣 By Divergence Theorem: ර 𝐃 ∙ 𝑑𝐒 = න 𝛻 ∙ 𝐃𝑑𝑣 𝑆 𝑣 therefore: 𝜌𝑣 = 𝛻 ∙ 𝐃 .

Point Charge: 𝑄 𝐃= 2 𝑎𝑟 4𝜋𝑟 Infinite Line charge: 𝜌𝐿 𝐃= 𝑎𝜌 2𝜋𝜌 Infinite sheet of charge: 𝜌𝑆 𝐃 = 𝑎𝑧 2 .

. calculate the charge density at (1.Given that 𝐃 = 𝑧𝜌 cos 2 𝜙 𝑎𝑧 𝐶/𝑚2 . 𝜋/4. 3) and the total charge enclosed by the cylinder of radius 1m with −2 ≤ 𝑧 ≤ 2 𝑚.

5 𝐶/𝑚3 4𝜋 𝑄= 𝐶 3 .𝜌𝑣 = 0.

0 ≤ 𝑦 ≤ 1. c) The total charge enclosed by the cube .If 𝐃 = 2𝑦 2 + 𝑧 𝑎𝑥 + 4𝑥𝑦𝑎𝑦 + 𝑥𝑎𝑧 𝐶/𝑚2 . 0 3) b) The flux through the cube defined by 0 ≤ 𝑥 ≤ 1. 0 ≤ 𝑧 ≤ 1. find a) The volume charge density at (-1.

a) −4𝐶/𝑚3 b) 2𝐶 c) 2𝐶 .

c) Find the total electric flux leaving the sphere 𝑟 = 4. 𝜃 = 25°. 𝜙 = 90° . .3𝑟 2 𝑎𝑟 𝑛𝐶/𝑚2 in free space: a) Find 𝐸 at point 𝑃 𝑟 = 2. b) Find the total charge within the sphere 𝑟 = 3.Given the electric flux density. 𝐃 = 0.

a) 135.5𝑎𝑟 V/m. b) 305𝑛𝐶 c) 965𝑛𝐶 .

Consider a spherical shell of total charge q outside radius r. . where R is for radius outside and r is for radius inside. Find the electric field: a) inside the shell. b) outside the shell.

b) 305𝑛𝐶 .5𝑎𝑟 V/m.a) 135.

find D at (0. 3. If Q = 15𝜇C. 1.— 3) while the x- axis carries charge 2 nC/m. 3). 2. 6). A point charge 100 pC is located at (4. A point charge of 30nC is located at the origin while plane y=3 carries charge 10nC/m^2. find D at (1. 1).0. Point charges are placed at the corners of a square of size 4 m as shown in the figure. . If the plane z = 3 also carries charge 5 nC/m2.1.1. 4. Find D at (0.

1. 5.0573az nC/m^2 2.076ay + 0. . 3.