Stress Management : HEALTH, STRESS, AND COPING

Diyah Woro D L, S.Psi

WHO . mental.HEALTH  A complete state of physical. and social well being (not merely the absence of disease and infirmity) .

STRESS   Pengalaman emosional negatif yang dapat diprediksi oleh perubahan biokimia. fisiologi. kognitif dan perilaku. Terjadi selama stressor berlangsung .

HEALTH AND PSYCHOLOGY  Health psychology (ilmu mempelajari kesehatan melalui multidimensi pendekatan psikologis) Psychoneuroimmunology (ilmu yang mengkaji hubungan antara berbagai faktor kejiwaan dengan sistem saraf dan sistem kekebalan)  .

PROMOTING HEALTH     Regular exercise Proper nutrition Freedom from smoking Prevention issues .

UNDERSTANDING STRESS      Faktor Biologi Faktor Kognitif Faktor Perilaku Faktor Lingkungan Faktor Sosiokultural .

Faktor biologis    Nervous system General adaptation syndrome (selye) Fight or Flight (cannon) .

Faktor kognitif Penilaian Kognitif  .

Faktor perilaku   Tipe Perilaku A Hardiness/Ketabahan .

Faktor Lingkungan         Negative Event Uncontrollable Event Ambigous Event Overload Burnout Conflict Frustration Life Events and Daily Hassles .

Faktor Sociokultural  Akulturasi     Asimilasi Marginalisasi Integrasi Pemisahan   Status Sosio-ekonomi SosioKemiskinan .

COPING STRESS«ie        ProblemProblem-focused EmotionEmotion-focused Optimis dan berpikir positif Dukungan sosial Perilaku Asertif Managemen Stress Multiple coping strategies .

ProblemProblem-Focused Coping   EmotionEmotion-focused (Lazarus¶s term) Avoidance strategies .

OPTIMISM AND POSITIVE THINKING  The pesimists can develop a more optimistic outlook (Martin Seligman. 1991) Thinking positively. people put themselves in a good mood and improve their selfselfesteem.  .

esteemed and valued. and included in a network of communication and mutual obligation.SOCIAL SUPPORT  Information and feedback from other that one is loved and cared for. .

and say no to something they don't want. ask for what they want.  Assertive individuals express their feelings. . 1995).ASSERTIVE BEHAVIOR  Assertiveness builds equal relationships (Robert Alberti and Michael Emmons.

STRESS MANAGEMENT      Meditation Relaxation Biofeedback Music therapy Art therapy .

Pada 1930. J. suatu cara India kuno mengatur postur tubuh. atau asanas. fisik. asanas. tubuh.relaksasi    hatha yoga. kesehatan fisik. autogenik. dan spiritual.H. Edmund Jacobsen mengambangkan relaksasi progresif. tubuh. suatu proses imajinasi kehangatan. kekuatan atau kehangatan. . sensasi fisik lain di setiap bagian tubuh. ketegangan dan akan merelakskan setiap otot tubuh. mental. Schultz menciptakan pelatihan autogenik. suatu metoda menurunkan progresif. untuk memperbaiki tubuh.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful