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A Seminar on

MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF HYBRID METAL


MATRIX COMPOSITE
By

Mr. Indranil D. Sutar

Guided by ,

Mr. Amol Mali.

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Dr. D.Y. Patil Institute of Engineering, Management and Research


[2016-17]
CONTENTS

1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Objectives
4. Methodology
5. Experimentation
6. Results & Discussion.
7. Conclusions.
8. References.
INTRODUCTION
What is Composite material
.
CLASSIFICATION OF COMPOSITES

According to type of matrix material:

1. Metal Matrix Composite

2. Ceramic Matrix Composite

3. Polymer Matrix Composite


HYBRID COMPOSITE MATERIAL

• Hybrids can have more than one reinforcing phase and a single
matrix phase or single reinforcing phase with multiple matrix
phases.

• This gives a rather high degree of freedom in material design.


ADVANTAGES OF HYBRID COMPOSITES
OVER MONOLITHIC MATERIAL
• High Specific strength

• High specific stiffness

• Higher elevated temperature

• Improved wear resistance

• High thermal expansion coefficients

• Good corrosion resistance


APPLICATION OF HYBRID METAL
MATRIX COMPOSITE (HMMC)

• Aeronautical Applications

Fig.1 Hybrid composite Used in Aero plane


• In Automobile

Fig.2 Driveshaft Fig. 3 Brake Drum


LITERATURE REVIEW

Sr.
Author Title of Paper Year Finding & Conclusion
No.
1. G. Anil Kumar , J.Satheesh, A Review on Effects 2016 Incorporation of SiC, B4C,
Shivanand G.B , and T. of Reinforcements on alumina particles in
Madhusudhan Mechanical and aluminium improves tensile
Tribological strength, hardness and yield
Properties of Metal strength, but reduces
Matrix Composites ductility.
2. S. A. Mohan Krishna, T. N. Research 2015 They stated that generally,
Shridhar and L. Significance, the hybrid metal matrix
Krishnamurthy Applications And composites have higher
Fabrication Of thermal conductivity and
Hybrid Metal Matrix low thermal expansion
Composites coefficient.
Sr.
Author Title of Paper Year Finding & Conclusion
No.
3. C.Neelima Devi, Micro structural aspects 2012 The micro structural
N.Selvaraj and of Aluminium Silicon behaviour of Aluminium with
V.Mahesh Carbide Metal Matrix Silicon Carbide has been
Composite studied by varying mass
fractions of 5%, 10%, 15%,
and 20%.
4. S. Mohan Kumara, R. Evaluation of 2016 Increase in tensile strength,
Pramoda, H K Mechanical and Wear hardness and decrease in
Govindaraju Properties of Aluminium specific wear rate with
AA430 Reinforced with increase in % of
SiC and MgO reinforcement(SiC+MgO)
Sr.
Author Title of Paper Year Finding & Conclusion
No.
5. K.Santhosh Kumar and Experimental 2016 The mechanical properties
V.Sridhar Patnaik Investigation on (hardness, yield strength,
Aluminium Alloy ultimate tensile strength )
Composites for of 4% B4C AMMC shows
Wear Behaviour better values than the
matrix as well as 2% B4C
AMMC but
shows lowest % of
elongation.
6. K.R.Padmavathia , Dr. Tribological 2014 specific wear rate
R.Ramakrishnanb behaviour of decreases with the
Aluminium Hybrid increase of the % of
Metal Matrix MWCNT. Hardness of the
Composite composites increase as the
hybrid ratio increases.
OBJECTIVES

• To prepare cost effective HMMC viz. stir casting.

• To analyze micro structural characteristics of HMMC.

• To carry out mechanical & tribological characterization like


tensile strength, hardness, wear etc.
METHODOLOGY

Hybrid Composite Material : AA443+ SiC +MgO

Production of HMMC by stir casting.

AA443+2.5% AA443+5% AA443+7.5%


SiC+2.5%MgO SiC+5%MgO SiC+7.5% MgO

Experimental Investigation

Tensile test Hardness test Wear test

Result & Discussion

Conclusion
EXPERIMENTAL WORK

 Raw Materials:
• Matrix : Aluminium AA443 alloy
• Reinforcements : 1. Silicon Carbide(SiC)
2. Magnesium Oxide (MgO)
STIR CASTING

Fig. 4 Sintering Furnace Fig. 5 Mould Box used for fabrication


of composites
STIR CASTING PROCESS VARIABLES

• Speed of Rotation of stirrer : Uniform distribution, 300 RPM


• Mould Temperature : 760°C
• Reinforcements : Preheated to 500°C
• Stirring time : 3 minutes
TENSILE TEST

• Test Specimens : ASTM E8-04 standards


• Results :

Material Tensile strength % increase

Base alloy 133.21 -

2.5% SiC+MgO 139.58 4.78%

5% SiC+MgO 144.87 8.75%

7.5% SiC+MgO 153.63 15.33 %


HARDNESS TEST
WEAR

• Apparatus : Pin on disc (40 mm track radius)


• Loadings : 20N, 40N, and 60N
• Speed of disc : 200, 400 and 600 rpm
% Specific Wear Rate for loads Speed
Reinforceme (mm3/N-m) (rpm)
nt 20 N 40 N 60 N
1.002E-03 1.422 E-03 2.616 E-03 200
0 1.075 E-03 1.359 E-03 2.328 E-03 400
1.078 E-03 1.548 E-03 2.779 E-03 600
7.652 E-04 1.137 E-03 2.154 E-03 200
2.5 9.026 E-04 1.183 E-03 1.999 E-03 400
9.93 E-04 1.173 E-03 2.326 E-03 600
4.225 E-04 1.096 E-03 1.881 E-03 200
5 4.473 E-04 1.055 E-03 1.452 E-03 400
5.837 E-04 1.104 E-03 1.884 E-03 600
2.582 E-04 4.687 E-04 7.894 E-04 200
6 1.551 E-04 5.053 E-04 7.894 E-04 400
1.316 E-04 6.023 E-04 7.965 E-04 600
CONCLUSION

From current investigation of this hybrid aluminum matrix


composite,following conclusions are drawn :
 Tensile test :
• The increase in tensile strength 15.33% (135.21MPa to 153.63MPa)
was recorded by adding 7.5 weight percentage of reinforcement
particulate as compared to adding 5 and 2.5 weight percentage of
reinforcement particulate.
 Hardness :
• As the percentage of reinforcement increased, the hardness of the
metal matrix composite under test increased. The highest
hardness(61BHN) was recorded by adding 7.5 weight percentage of
reinforcement
 Wear :
• As the load increased the co-efficient of friction of the specimen
tested decreases in all the three speeds (200, 400 and 600 rpm).
• The co-efficient of friction decreased as the percentage of
reinforcement added increased and co-efficient of friction decreased
at higher speed.
REFERENCES

1. G. Anil Kumar , J.Satheesh, Shivanand G.B , and T. Madhusudhan, “A Review on


Effects of Reinforcements on Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Metal
Matrix Composites”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science,
Engineering and Technology, Volume 5, Issue 4, 2016.
2. S. A. Mohan Krishna, T. N. Shridhar and L. Krishnamurthy, “Research Significance,
Applications And Fabrication Of Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites”, International
Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology, Volume 2 Issue 5, 2015.
3. C.Neelima Devi, N.Selvaraj and V.Mahesh, “Micro structural aspects of Aluminium
Silicon Carbide Metal Matrix Composite”, International Journal of Applied
Sciences and Engineering Research, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2012.
4. Michael Oluwatosin Bodunrina, Kenneth Kanayo Alanemea and Lesley Heath
Chown, “Aluminium matrix hybrid composites: a review of reinforcement
philosophies; mechanical, corrosion and tribological characteristics”, Journal of
Materials Research and Technology, Volume 4, Issue 4, 2015.
5. 5. K.Santhosh Kumar and V.Sridhar Patnaik, “Experimental Investigation on
Aluminium Alloy Composites for Wear Behaviour”, International Conference on
Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques, 2016.
6. Dinesh Patidar and R. S. Ranab, “Effect of B4C particle reinforcement on the
various properties of aluminium matrix composites”, 5th International Conference
of Materials Processing and Characterization, 2016.
7. A. Pramanik, “Effects of reinforcement on wear resistance of aluminium matrix
composites”, Transactions Nonferrous Metal Society of China, 2016.
8. K.R.Padmavathia , Dr. R.Ramakrishnanb, “Tribological behaviour of Aluminium
Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite”, 12th Global Congress on Manufacturing and
Management, 2014.
9. S. Mohan Kumara, R. Pramoda, H K Govindaraju, “Evaluation of Mechanical and
Wear Properties of Aluminium AA430 Reinforced with SiC and MgO”, 5th
International Conference of Materials Processing and Characterization, 2016.
THANK YOU