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Examination of the Eye

Edward J. Soriano, MD, FPSMS, FICS


Eye Examinations
Visual Pathways
Visual acuity
If the patient is unable to see the
biggest optotype on the card, the
progression (from better to worse) is
counting fingers (CF), hand motions
(HM), light perception (LP) with
projection, LP without projection
and no light perception (NLP).
Visual Fields
Conjunctiva and Sclera Assessment
Cornea
Lens
Iris
Anterior Chamber Visualization Under Slit
Lamp
Pupils
Pupil Size Chart
Testing the Pupils
Extra-ocular Movements (EOMs)
Direct Ophthalmoscope
Direct Ophalmoscope
Indirect Ophthalmoscope
Cup to Disc Ratio
Retina Seen Through The Pupil Using
Ophthalmoscope
Optic Nerve Cupping
Diabetic Retinopathy
Macular Degeneration
Thank you