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Raghusrinivasan Jv
Delhi Public School
Conditions of government
schools in India
(i) Lack of basic amenities
Lack of basic facilities adds to the plight of education
system in India. The situation worsens as we move
from urban to sub-urban and rural areas. Most of the
government schools lack even the basic facilities like
toilets and clean drinking water.
(ii) Lack of Infrastructure and resources
Lack of infrastructure also adds to the poor status of
government schools. Apart from the pre-requisites,
requirements like provision of furniture according to the
number of students and separate toilets for boys and girls
is lacking. Library, teaching materials, spacious school
compound surrounded by a wall along with sports
materials, science lab equipments as per curriculum and
first aid among many others.
(iii) Quality of teaching and budget
Private schools are sound enough to meet their financial
requirements. They charge hefty amounts from the
students and thus are able to maintain a huge
budget. While on the other hand, government schools
face problems due to lack of finances. Budget problems
also contribute to inadequate availability of teachers in
government schools.

Another obstacle in the process of implementation of

policies under Right to Education Act (RTE) is unqualified
teachers. As a matter of fact, it is estimated that almost 20
percent of all the teachers appointed in the country do not
fulfill the norms of the National Council for Teachers’
Education (NCTE). It is not only the quantity but also the
quality of teachers, which is a great concern.
# Scenario in Jharkhand
•The latest data of National University Education Planning and
Administration (NUEPA), a central government body, has ranked
Jharkhand 34 out of 35 states and union territories in elementary
education. There were 21 indicators for ranking, including
infrastructure status and number of teachers.

•A large number of children in the state do not go to schools. As

per the data of the Jharkhand Education Project Council (JEPC)
till April 2012, six lakh children in the age group of 6-14 don't go to
school. Of the children who are enrolled, as per the Annual Status
Education Report (ASER) 2011.
•The quality of learning is also very poor and the quality of
teaching has also declined in the last few years. Shortage of
teachers at the primary level is the main reason behind this
poor education status. As per the ASER 2011, there is a
shortage of 43,000 teachers in 40,000 schools here in the
state. That apart, the teachers who are attending schools are
not very well qualified. Their number is 43,000 (ASER 2011).

• The Right to Education Act says the ratio of teacher pupil in

the schools should be 35:1 at the primary level and 30:1 at
the upper primary level. Hence, as per District Information on
School Education (DISE) Report 2011, the status of
Jharkhand is rather dismal. The teacher pupil ratio in schools
here at the primary level and upper primary level is 43:1.
# Some Statistics
• As per the 2011 census conducted by Government of
India, the official literacy rate for Jharkhand was 67.63%
(Male: 78.45%; Female: 56.21%). Statistics turn gloomier
if we segregate rural and urban areas.
50 literacy
40 males
30 females
In 2001 In 2011
• In 2016, there was a recruitment call for 13,504
government teachers in which 7000 posts after
recruitment had went vacant.
•Below is the average Pupil per Teacher (PTR) ratio in
which we can see that Jharkhand has the third largest
PTR which also clearly shows us about the lack
teachers in Jharkhand which is a major problem to be
 Electricity issues with the government schools.
(as an example of lack of resources)
# Reasons for the
• Inefficiency in implementation – Our government
comes with various schemes which are very effective in
words but when it comes in implementation it not that
efficient, there are many reasons for the inefficiency.
•Child Labour – Many parents in the rural areas are
more concerned about earning money and send their
children for daily wage work. This thing has two impact –
(i) Their health gets spoiled because of the harsh working
conditions and the torture faced by them.
(ii) They become a liability to the country and stay illiterate.
# Ideas to improve the
• Improvements in policies of RTE act
RTE (Right To Education) Act was implemented in the year
2009, which enforced to provide free and compulsory education to
all children between 6 to 14 years of age.
According to the sources, this RTE Act's main aim was to
achieve 100% literacy rate across the country and also to make
the citizens aware of the benefits of education.

-Monetary support to parents for sending kids to school For example, Rs

100 per month for each kid as long as they are enrolled in the school.
-The quality of teachers is the backbone of any teaching program. Creating
a standard training program to train and generate quality teachers is crucial
for the RTE Act to produce meaningful results.
- Can setup mobile units which pays frequent visits and regulates the
working of the government school.
• To introduce e-learning in the schools
Education is constantly changing the way students learn and
how instructors teach. Technology is often the driving force
behind many of the world’s changes and innovations.
This e-learning can make a revolutionary change in the
education pattern in Jharkhand. This is one of the most
effective concept which can help to attain 100% literacy.
There are two reasons for the assured success of this idea-
i) This is interactive and interesting which even induces the
curiosity in a child’s mind.
ii) It can even be used in many remote areas because
internet is something which connects the remote areas to
the whole world. In Jharkhand, there are many remote
areas, and everywhere e-learning can spread literacy.
# Conclusion
Education is our passport
to the future, for tomorrow
belongs to the people who
prepare it today
For your attention
patience and attention