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UNDER THE GUIDANCE

MS.___________

MS.___________

BY

____________ ____________

___________ ___________
OVERVIEW
 This project is to help the fishermen not to navigate beyond
other country’s border and also to rescue fisherman from other
country coastal guards with help of GPS & GSM technology.

 Frequent incidents of fishermen from Tamil Nadu getting shot


in the Sri Lankan’s maritime boundary have enraged all citizen
of the state.

 The proposed system is used to detect the maritime boundary


of the country where the long time dispute between Sri Lanka
and India still exists.
EXISTING SYSTEM
At present, there are few existing systems
which helps to identify the current position of
the boats/ships using GPS system and view
them in an electronic map.
PROPOSED SYSTEM
The proposed system uses a GPS receiver which receives
signals from the satellite and gives the current position of
the boat.

The microcontroller compare the current position and


stored boundary positions and indicates the fisherman that
he going to cross the boundary by an alarm system and
also send message to master system using GSM.
MAIN COMPONENT
 GPS module
 GSM module
 Embedded system
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF SLAVE
SYSTEM
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF MASTER
SYSTEM
OPERATION OF PROPOSED SYSTEM
 The proposed system uses a GPS receiver which receives
signals from the satellite and gives the current position of the
boat.
 With already known details of the latitude and longitude of the
maritime boundary, the microcontroller calculates the current
position and stored boundary positions and indicates the
fisherman that when he is I KM near to boundary by an alarm
system.
 It also uses a message transmitter to send message to the
master system which monitors the boats in the sea. Our system
provides an indication to both fisherman and to coastal guard.
FLOW CHART OF PROPOSED
SYSTEM
GPS
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is actually a
constellation of 27 Earth-orbiting satellites (24 in
operation and three extras in case one fails).
Each of these 3,000- to 4,000-pound solar-powered
satellites circles the globe at about 12,000 miles (19,300
km), making two complete rotations every day.
Each signal transmits a unique signal back to earth on
low frequency such as 1.5754GHZ and 1.2276GHZ.
GSM(Global system for mobile)
GSM module is used for transmission of message seeking
assistance.

GSM cannot be used in oceans as towers cannot be placed
in oceans.

Thus CDMA network or satellites can be used for message


transmissions.
PIC MICROCONTROLLER
Peripheral interface control.
They are RISC processors and uses Harvard
architecture.
Only 35 instructions.
Most instructions take 0.2 microseconds to execute
when operated at 20 M Hz .
It has watch dog timer.
It has internal flash memory.
It executes 200 instructions per cycle.
ARCHITECTURE
Maritime Boundary between India
and Sri Lanka
Boundary Locations:
POSTIONS LATITUDE LONGITUDE
Position 1 09° 06'.0 N 79° 32'.0 E
Position 2 09° 00'.0 N 79° 31'.3 E
Position 3 08° 53'.8 N 79° 29'.3 E
Position 4 08° 40'.0 N 79° 18'.2 N
Position 5 08° 37'.2 N 79° 13'.0 E
Position 6 08° 31'.2 N 79° 04'.7 E
Position 7 08° 22'.2 N 78° 55'.4 E
Position 8 08° 12'.2 N 78° 53'.7 E
Position 9 07° 35'.3 N 78° 45'.7 E
Position 10 07° 21'.0 N 78° 38'.8 E
Position 11 06° 30'.8 N 78° 12'.2 E
Position 12 05° 53'.9 N 77° 50'.7 E
Position 13 05° 00'.0 N 77° 10'.6 E
CONCLUSION
It is a useful device for safer navigation, especially for
fishermen.
Since Sri Lanka and India have got lots of problems
regarding the maritime boundary of the country, this
device is made to identify the maritime boundary and
to provide assistance if needed. The main advantage
of this paper is compact and low cost.