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# DYNAMICS OF MARINE VEHICLES

## RESPONSE AMPLITUDE OPERATOR (RAO) AND

MOORING ANALYSIS OF TYPICAL DRILLING RIG
PRESENTED BY:
Khor Wei Han
Ummu Saiyidah Najihah Binti Zainuddin
Naqila Binti Mohd Mustaat
Nur Syazani Binti Norshahruddin
Nurizzati Binti Roslan
LECTURER:
Prof. Dr. Adi Maimun Bin Abdul Malik

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

OUTLINE

• Introduction
• Problem Statement
• Objective
• Theory • Result
• Methodology • Discussion
• Expected Result • Conclusion
• References
• Team Management
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
INTRODUCTION

##  Response Amplitude Operator (RAO) is a type of statistics to

display the behavior and response of floating structures to
prevent failure in extreme sea states.

##  Mooring system is to anchor the system in designed position

so that it does not drift away.

##  The purpose of the project is to determine the behaviour and

response of the floating platform when subjected to different
wave conditions.

INTRODUCTION

## OFFSHORE DRILLING RIG

Semi-submersible
drilling rig motions with
variation in the mooring
line pre-tension to the
safety of the
incorporated drilling
riser

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

PROBLEM STATEMENT

## 1. Uncertainty on the performance of the designed

platform
– Simulation to simulate the performance and
behaviour

## 2. Uncertainty on the safety factor of the designed

platform.
– Simulate extreme conditions to increase
confidence on safety of the designed platform

OBJECTIVES

## 1. To obtain the Response Amplitude Operator

(RAO) of the Offshore Drilling Rig.
2. To determine the applicability of the designed
mooring system.
3. To simulate the behaviour and response of the
Offshore Drilling rig in sea.

THEORY

##  The tension spring effect of mooring lines derives

from two mechanisms:
i. Hanging catenary effect: From gravity acting
vertically on the line.
ii. Line elastic effect: From elastic stretch over the
length of the line.
 Mooring systems with these two mechanisms are
called catenary moorings and taut moorings,
respectively.

THEORY

##  According to Wang et. al. (2012), the RAO can be

defined as follows:

𝑅𝑒 2 𝐼𝑚 2
𝑥𝑖 𝑋𝑖 + 𝑋𝑖
𝑅𝐴𝑂 = =
1 1
𝐻 𝐻
2 𝑤 2 𝑤

1
 Where 𝐻𝑤 is the wave amplitude.
2

THEORY

##  Heave, roll and pitch are considered as oscillatory

motions since they are moving about a neutral point
their original equilibrium unless they are forced by
exciting forces or moments (Halim & Koto, 2014).

##  The hydrodynamic interactions towards the motion of

the offshore structures is important to consider -
identify its effects and achieve safe operations of the
floating structure.

THEORY

THEORY

##  In addition to the evaluation of RAOs, it is equally

important to analyse the mooring systems of the
structure.
 DNV (2010) states that the mooring systems provide
activating reaction forces.
 Mooring systems work as spring mechanisms where
displacement of the floater from a neutral equilibrium
position causes a restoring force to react to the

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

METHODOLOGY

Model
Research Analysis Results
Simulation

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

METHODOLOGY

RESEARCH
 Study on the usage of software to produce simulations
 Choose the suitable type of platform for this project
 Obtain design and data for the model

MODEL SIMULATION
 Draw the model in AUTOCAD
 Obtain needed data such as dimensions and radius of
gyration
 Open model file in ANSYS- AQWA
 Simulate the performance and behaviour of the model

METHODOLOGY

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

METHODOLOGY

ANALYSIS
 Analysis on the data obtain
 Check on the accuracy and error of the simulation
 Assumptions made in the simulation
 Troubleshoot problems

REPORT WRITING
 Compilation of data and results obtain
 To be presented in the form of presentation slides and report

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

MODELLING OF SEMI SUBMERSIBLE

## No Item Dimension (m) No Item Dimension (m)

1 Column Centerline Spacing 67,460 1 Deck Module Width 13,700
2 Column Width 19,460
2 Deck Module Height 12,200
3 Deck Girder Height 1,200
4 Pontoon Width 14,260
5 Pontoon Length 48,000 4 TOC to BOS 2,500
6 Pontoon Height/ Level 1 Flat 8,820
5 Lower Deck BOS from Keel 39,500
7 Level 2 Flat Elevation 18,200
8 Level 3 Flat Elevation 27,200 6 Lower Deck TOS from Keel 40,700
9 Column Height (TOC) 37,000
10 Overall Length 86,920 7 Upper Deck TOS from Keel 52,900
11 Overall Width 86,920 8 Inboard Truss Row from CL 25,950
12 Operating Draft 22,000
13 Operating Displacement 58,748 MT 9 Outboard Truss Row from CL 39,650

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

MODELLING OF SEMI SUBMERSIBLE

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

MODELLING FOR MOORING SYSTEM

##  Type: Catenary Mooring

 Number of mooring lines: 4 cables
 Type of mooring line: Non-linear catenary
 Combination of chain and cable are used.
 Length of chain attached to seabed = 400m
 Length of rope =600m
 Length of chain attached to structure =200m

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

MODELLING IN ANSYS AQWA

EXPECTED RESULT

##  The Response Amplitude Operators (RAOs) for the

platform
 The applicable Mooring System for the offshore platform.

RESULT

##  The result from the simulation in ANSYS software are

presented. All the results and graph for RAO, structure
position, cable tension and laid length will be shown below.

##  From the analysis, the coordinate of centre of buoyancy is

set to be (0,0,0). Meanwhile, the GM value is 17.048367 m.

##  In addition, for Response Amplitude Operators, the analysis

is done for direction angle of -180 degree to 0 degree by
taking 15 degree of increment. The maximum heave motion
can be determined by looking at the green line in the graph.
The graphs according to direction angle are shown below:

RESULT

## From the analysis, the coordinate of centre of gravity is set to be (0,

0, -5m). The table below shows the hydrostatic data of the structure.

GM 22.05 m

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

RESULT

## The requirement of position of the structure must be less than 12%

of water depth and its actual position is 53.673 m. The figure
below shows the graph of the structure position according to time

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

RESULT

For mooring system, four cables have been used and their maximum
value of force and maximum tension are tabulated below: -
Cable Maximum Value (MN) Maximum Tension (MN) Safety Factor

RESULT

## Cable Minimum Length (m) Maximum Length (m)

1 276.691 332.450

2 276.682 332.445

3 246.846 319.607

4 246.837 39.616

DISCUSSION

## In the beginning of remodelling process, we have

been tried remodelling the semisubmersible model
by using autoCAD and maxsurf Modeller software.

## However, for modelling semisubmersible part, we

had decided to remodel the semisubmersible by
modeller
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
DISCUSSION

## There are limitation number of meshing part

in ansys software which is 10 000 elements.

## Hence, adjusting the size of element process

must be done and repeated when the
meshing numbers are exceeding the limit.

DISCUSSION

## Designing Mooring System for Semisubmersible

Model.
The first step must be taken after designing the
mooring system is checking either the mooring
system is applicable or not.
The checking process was take part by ensure that
the motion offset of the mooring system must be
less than 12 percent of water depth.
The laid length of the mooring system can’t be zero.
This is because if the laid length is equal to zero,
the anchor is already lifting up.
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
DISCUSSION

## Assumption have been made in Rao

Analysis.
• The assumptions have been made in Rao
Analysis are:
• The wave motion is assumed as irregular
waves because lack of data information.
• The value centre of gravity (KG value) is
assumed as zero for x,y and z direction.

DISCUSSION

## Diameter of chains and wire ropes.

We have decided to choose chains and wire
ropes for the semisubmersible mooring lines.
Based on the literature, the diameter of the
chains and wire ropes usually in inches unit.
After that, the chains and wire ropes diameter
have been decided which are 1. 5 inches and
6 inches.
The diameter of the chains and wire ropes
are used in determining the strength of the
chains and wire ropes
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
DISCUSSION

## Number of Mooring Lines.

• Based on the literature study, the number of
mooring lines used on the semisubmersible
structure is either 4, 8 and 16 of the mooring
lines.
• However, we are decided to choose the 4
grouping of anchor legs to maintain the
vessel location with fixed heading position.

DISCUSSION

## Significance Natural Frequency of the

Semisubmersible Structure.
• The study states that this natural frequency of the
semisubmersible structures are designed to fall
below the wave frequency range.
• This is because practically the values of structural
damping, the excitation frequency corresponding to
the peak displacement is very close to the
undamped natural frequency..

DISCUSSION

## Discussion on Why RAO Analysis in Ansys

Aqua Resulted only 3 DOF.
• The studies state that the translations along
the x-axis and y-axis and rotation about the z-
axis lead to no residual force or moment
which provided displacement remains
constant as the body is in neutral equilibrium.
• In addition, for the translation and rotation
movement are opposed by a force or moment
provided the floating body is stable in that
mode
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
DISCUSSION

## Selection Sea State for the Semisubmersible

Structure.
• The parameter of sea state is very salient because
a semisubmersible is designed to operate in harsh
environments in operational and temporary
conditions.
• The sea state conditions will impact on the
acceleration response of the semisubmersible. In
addition, the effect of these accelerations on the
integrity of a platform structure is extremely
important and it will be taken in account by means
of motion analysis.
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
CONCLUSION

## • The result for Response Amplitude Operator

(RAOs) of the semi-submersible offshore
drilling rig can be simplified that the maximum
heave motion for all direction angles is at
frequency of 0.052 Hz
• The maximum amplitude of heave motion for
all direction angle lies within 1.699 m/m and
1.707 m/m. Besides that, it can be concluded
the designed mooring system to support the
semisubmersible are applicable
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS
REFERENCES

## 1. Abdul Malik, et.al (2012). Modelling Recurrence

Motion of a Large Volume Semi- Submersible.
2. Abdul Samad, (2009). Performance of Catenary
Mooring System.
3. James, (1985). Advanced Method for Ship Motion
4. C.L Sow, et.al (2014). Semi-Submersible Heave
Response Study Using Diffraction Potential Theory
with Viscous Damping Correction

## INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

GANTT CHART

GANTT CHART
DURATION WEEK
NO. TASK (WEEKS) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1 RESEARCH 5
Study on title 1
Learn on how to use AQWA 2
Study on the RAOs 1
Study on the mooring system 1
Installation of AQWA 1
2 SIMULATION 5
Modelling in ANSYS-AQWA 1
Simulation of the model 2
Simulation of the mooring system 2
3 ANALYSIS 2
Analyse hydrostatics obtain from software 1
Analyse RAO of the model 1
Determine usablity of mooring system 1
4 REPORT WRITING 2
Presentation slides 1
Final report 1

50
INSPIRING CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE MINDS

GROUP MEMBERS
NO. TASK KHOR UMMU NAQILA ZANI IZZATI
1 RESEARCH
Study on title
Learn on how to use AQWA
Study on the RAOs
Study on the mooring system
Installation of AQWA
2 SIMULATION