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 1- definition of Cloning

 2-history Of cloning
 3- Types Of Human cloning
 4- case of cloning
 5- Asepects of Ethics
 Isthe creation of a genetically identical copy
of a human .It does not refer to monozygotic
multiple births or the reproduction of
humans\animals cells or tissue

 The ethics of cloning is an extremely

controversial issue (‫(امر مثير للجدل‬
 Although
the possibility of cloning humans
had been the subject of speculation ( ‫(موضع‬
For much of the twentieth century , scientists and
policy makers began to take the prospect
seriously in the 1960s
 Therapeutic cloning
 Reproductive cloning
 Replacement cloning
 Involves cloning cells from an adult for use in
medicine and transplants , and is an active
area of research .
Is an theoretical possibility , and would be a
combination of therapeutic and reproductive
cloning . Reproductive cloning would entail
the replacement of an extensively damaged
Or failing body through cloning followed by
whole or partial brain transplant or
harvesting the internal organs of the clone .
 Theterms -Recombinant DNA Technology- or
DNA Cloning- (molecular cloning ,) and
molecular cloning - all refer to the same
The transfer of DNA fragment of interest
from one organism to a self-replicating
genetic element such as a bacterial plasmid
and scientists use it in the study .
o Nonmaleficence
o Beneficence
o Autonomy
o Justice
 Risk factors involved
 High percentage of animal clones have not
implanted or gestated lead to genetic
abnormalities .
 Reports of congenital malformation
 Oldest clone to data lived for 5 years
 Premature aging
 Immune-failures
 Cells being cloned may develop genetic
mutations very early on ‫تتطور الطفرات‬
a. Improve the quality of life
b. Can avoid defects that occur naturally
c. Preserve good genes like intelligence ,
physical attributes , and physical skills
d. Allows infertile couples to have children
e. Ideal transplant donors for terminally ill
 Does the cloning consent to exist ?
 DNA could be used without consent , living or
dead to make a clone .
 Cloning is very expensive
 Rich would benefit, cloning would only be
available to them.
‫ان منطق الشرع االسالمي –‬
‫بنصوصه المطلقه‪ ,‬وقواعده‬
‫الكليه ‪ ،‬ومقاصده العامه –‬
‫يمنع دخول هذا االستنساخ‬
‫في عالم البشر ‪،‬لما يترتب‬
‫ان هللا خلق هذا الكون على قاعدة (التنوع) ‪ ،‬ولهذا نجد هذه العبارة تتردد بالقران الكريم‬
‫ك ثيرا‪.‬‬

‫ت ُم ْختَ ِلفا‬ ‫اء َماء فَأ َ ْخ َر ْجنَا ِب ِه ثَ َم َرا ٍ‬ ‫س َم ِ‬ ‫َّللاَ أَ ْن َز َل ِم ْن ال َّ‬

‫قال تعالى (( أَلَ ْم تَ َر أَ َّن َّ‬
‫غ َرا ِب ُ‬ ‫ف أَ ْل َوانُ َها َو َ‬ ‫يض َو ُح ْم ٌر ُم ْخت َ ِل ٌ‬ ‫أ َ ْل َوانُ َها َو ِم ْن ا ْل ِجبَا ِل ُج َد ٌد ِب ٌ‬
‫شى‬ ‫ب َو ْاْلَ ْنعَ ِام ُم ْخت َ ِل ٌ‬
‫ف أ َ ْل َوانُهُ َكذَ ِلكَ ِإنَّ َما يَ ْخ َ‬ ‫اس َوالد ََّوا ِّ ِ‬‫سو ٌد(‪َ )27‬و ِم ْن النَّ ِ‬ ‫ُ‬
‫غفُور )) فاطر‬ ‫يز َ‬ ‫ع ِز ٌ‬‫للاَ ِم ْن ِعبَا ِد ِه العُلَ َما ُء إِ َّن للاَ َ‬
‫‪ -1‬فاختالف االلوان تعبير عن ظاهرة التنوع‪.‬‬
‫‪ -2‬االستنساخ يناقض التنوع ‪.‬النه يقوم على تخليق نسخه مكررة من‬
‫الشخص الواحد ‪ ,‬وهذا يترتب عليه مفاسد ك ثيرة في الحياه البشرية‬
‫واالجتماعيه بعضها ندركه‬
‫وبعضها ال ندركه اال بعد حين ‪ ،‬منها‪:‬‬
‫ا‪ -‬هدر كرامة اإلنسان‪.‬‬
‫ب‪ -‬االعتداء على سنة هللا تعالى في الزواج وتكوين االسر‪.‬‬
‫ج‪ -‬إلغاء سنة هللا في اختالف الناس‪.‬‬
‫د‪ -‬ضياع المسؤولية القانونية‪.‬‬